Colorectal cancer is the 4th commonest type and it is capable of being cured if caught in the early stages. In Canada it is the second most fatal type of cancer ( Colon Cancer Check, Ontario, January 2011)…
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The condition in its early stages may not be noticed by the person concerned, but can be detected in a number of ways. The United States Preventative Services Task Force recommends that every citizen aged between 50 and 75 be tested, thus prolonging the lives of 60 % of those affected. Those over this age can request a test. Detection can be done by testing stools for the presence of blood. This is done either using the chemical guaiac or by seeking for antibodies. Somewhat more invasive is a sigmoidoscopy, i.e. the lower bowel is examined using a flexible tube. A colonoscopy is a more extensive version of this, but searches the whole colon and may involve the removal of any suspicious polyps. This would normally be a follow up to other tests. In some cases a barium enema is used and the results x-rayed. In some cases a complete stool is sent for analysis. There is continued research on this topic. Pertinent issues to the delivery of healthcare raised by this topic. Because this condition is so prevalent in American society it is important that as much as possible to cut its incidence and severity as a life threatening condition. This can be done be early detection so that any polyps can be removed before they become cancerous. Therefore it is necessary that all those aged 50 – 70 have regular checks – perhaps every two years. If this is to be achieved the subject will need publicity, education, central organization and funding. Another area that requires public education would be in the area of diet. Americans tend to consume a high fat, high dairy food diet. Something similar to the ‘5 a day’ campaign in the United Kingdom . ...
Something similar to the ‘5 a day’ campaign in the United Kingdom - that is the promotion of the idea that everyone needs to eat at least 5 portions of fruit and vegetables each day. ( NHS Choices , 5 a Day). Putnam, Allshouse and Kantor (2002) report a huge jump in average calorie intake within the United States over the last 25 years, this despite a recent tendency to use lower fat options. According to a report cited by Barone, (2007) those with colon cancer who ate a healthier diet, i.e. one based upon fruit, vegetables, poultry and fish, stand a better chance of total recovery than those who continue to consume lots of red meat, fats, refined carbohydrates, fat and sugar. The latter have a higher chance of the cancer recurring according to a study by Meyerhardt. Government Involvement In 2010 the NIH Consensus Development Program, part of the United States Human and Health Services, produced a statement entitled ‘Enhancing Use and Quality of Colorectal Cancer Screening.’ This document covers such things as trends in screening and how this might be improved. It considers such things as how screening can be monitored and what research is required and so indicates that this topic is one of concern to government agencies. The aim was ‘To provide health care providers, patients, and the general public with a responsible assessment of currently available data on enhancing use and quality of colorectal cancer screening.’ In 2004 the American Food and Drug Administration approved new treatment for advanced colorectal cancer. However more new treatments have since become available and require assessment and acceptance. Literature National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of
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According to Lynch and Hanson (2004), the Ottawa Charter identifies three basic strategies for health promotion which includes advocating for health to create the essential conditions for health; enabling all people to achieve potential; and mediating between the different interests in society in the pursuit of health.
Screening mammography is recommended every other year for women over 45 in the United States (Wujcik, 2009) and over 50 in Canada (Vahabi and Gastaldo, 2003). However, the American Medical Association requires that physicians explain both the benefits of the treatment and of all alternative treatments, to allow patients to make an informed decision, and the risks of the treatments recommended by the physician.
Introduction: 1.1. Background: Vitamin D is an essential constituent of the diet and it is mandatory for the formation, growth and repair of the bones and it also plays an important role in the absorption of calcium as well as the defense system of the body; it is mainly obtained through the exposure of the body to the ultraviolet radiations of the sun and in minor quantities it can also be derived from some foods and selected diet.
al. 2011). Specifically, about 72% of cases arise in the colon and about 28% in the rectum. Modifiable and non- modifiable risk factors are associated with this type of cancer and are seen as the backbone of its preventive measures. Actually, colorectal cancer is a preventable type of cancer and is often treatable especially when diagnosed at an early stage.
However, all these diseases can be prevented and controlled incase of their occurrence to avoid future costs. The primary prevention measures include behavioral change in lifestyle, such as avoiding smoking, drinking, and taking illegal drugs, and concentrating on taking healthy foods.
However, in its use it exhibits various side effects such as; fatigue, nausea, poor appetite low blood counts, white, red blood cells and platelets may temporarily decrease which can put one at increased risk of infection and anemia further exacerbating fatigue.
Colon cancer is mainly caused by lifestyle of individuals and their age, poor lifestyles and eating habits especially those in the developed world lead to the increased risk of getting colon cancer, in addition, individuals who are advanced in their age, from 50 years are also at a higher chance of contracting the disease.
Colorectal cancer is a form of cancer in which there is an unrestrained growth of cell in the colon or rectum. The colon and the rectum are the parts of the human body’s digestive system. They remove nutrients from food and store waste until it passes out of the body.
Low income and education have proved to be major determinants of mental and physical health problems so far experienced by people globally. In most cases, the poor working environment in which people reside and operate
The development of diagnostic resolution to help in ensuring accurate screening of cancer as embedded in the patient navigation program provides the beginning step in dealing with the challenge that cancer pose to the society. It is therefore mandatory that the
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