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C-Difficile Research Paper
C-Difficile Research Paper
3 pages (750 words)
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... C- Difficile C-Difficile Clostridium difficile is an anaerobic bacterium that can cause gastrointestinal symptoms ranging from milddiarrhea to very intense and severe colon infections. Hall and O’Toole were the first scientists who described Bacillus difficilis in 1935 as an important part of the bacterial family, isolated from the feces and meconium of infants. According to the studies made by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an estimate of 336,000 cases had been diagnosed positively with C. difficile infection in the year 2009. The 2009 report has shown an increase in the C. difficile spread as compared to the 139,000 diagnosed cases in the year 2000. Moreover, outbreaks of C....
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The nursesrole in the prevention of healt care -associated
The nurses'role in the prevention of healt care -associated
3 pages (750 words)
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... Role in the Prevention of Healthcare-Associated Infections The growing rate of health care–associated infections (HAIs) is quite alarming and this has considerably increased the role of heath care nurses in preventing such infections. Healthcare-associated infections refer to those infections acquired by the patients once they are admitted into hospitals. These infections add to the misery and ill health of patients and make them more vulnerable towards further diseases. The adverse effects of HAIs in the lives of patients are many and varied. As pointed out by Collins (2008, p. 1) HAIs develop during the course of the health care treatment and these infections result in “significant patient...
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A critical review of a published epidemiological paper
A critical review of a published epidemiological paper
10 pages (2500 words) , Download 1
... critical review of a published epidemiological paper Malaria is one of the major health problems prevalent in the Third World countries; negatively impacting the people’s health as well as the development of the country has a whole. Malarial endemic conditions vary from country to country based on the malaria epidemiology and the level of the control program implementation in these countries. 300 – 350 million cases are found to be caused by malaria with a mortality rate of 2-3 million deaths per year. (World Health Organization 2010). Malaria is caused by the protozoan parasite Plasmodium and is transmitted by the anopheles mosquitoes. Malaria is caused by four species of protozoan parasites....
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Bench Mark Assessment-Epidemiology Paper
Bench Mark Assessment-Epidemiology Paper
5 pages (1250 words)
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... of tuberculosis Introduction Tuberculosis (TB) is a life-threatening communicable infection that affects mainly the lungs (pulmonary TB) but may in certain instances affect structures and organs of the body other than the lungs (extra-pulmonary TB). Several strains of mycobacteria cause TB, but common to the strains is the Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a tiny non-motile aerobic bacillus that is high in lipid content and accounts for the signs of the disease. The disease is air born and spreads when individuals affected sneezes, cough, speak, spit or can be transmitted through contact with the respiratory droplets of an affected individual and inhaled by another individual ...
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Nursing intervention
Nursing intervention
7 pages (1750 words)
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... Intervention for Prevention of Catheter-Associated Infections Catheter-associated infection is a serious problem in healthcare and is a majorcause of hospital-acquired infection. It has been estimated that about 10% of hospitalized patients require urinary catheterization. Urinary tract infections (UTI) following catheterization or other instrumentation are the most common hospital-acquired infections, accounting for approximately 30-40% of all secondary infections. The risk of acquiring bacteriuria (bacteria in urine) increases with time, from approximately 5% per day during the first week of hospitalization to nearly 100% in 4 weeks. It has been estimated that 1-4% of bacteriuric patients will...
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TB Skin Testing
TB Skin Testing
4 pages (1000 words)
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... TB skin testing should not be all done in the same month" Health care workers (HCWs) are an important link in the control of infection. It is imperative to regulate minimal health and immunization requirements among the hospital staff. It is crucial to develop employee health care program using guidelines of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and state health departments. Health care providers and those involved in health issues that overlap with infection control, that is, how to protect the HCW from acquiring or spreading infections in the hospital, clinic or office setting...
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Biology Term Paper: Mononucleosis
Biology Term Paper: Mononucleosis
8 pages (2000 words) , Download 1
... Introduction Mononucleosis encompass infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). It is associated with the augmentation of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes (WBC with single nucleus) in blood stream. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a part of the human herpes-virus family that was originally segregated from a cultured Burkitt lymphoma cell line by Epstein et al in 1964 (Rezk, 2007). Consequent studies have established that EBV is the contributory agent in large cases of infectious mononucleosis. Studies reveal that infectious mononucleosis (IM) is also caused by the cytomegalovirus (CMV). This virus belongs to the group of herpesvirus called as Herpesviridae. Species infecting humans is referred as...
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Children Living with HIV
Children Living with HIV
7 pages (1750 words)
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... Infection in Children Outline I. HIV infection in children: What are the diagnosis, treatment and complications of HIV infection in children? II. HIV is a pandemic disease that has its implications on all aspects of life and affects every strata of the society. HIV infection in children is rapidly progressive with poor prognosis. The most common route of acquisition is perinatal transmission. III. Evidence to support thesis A. Describe HIV infection 1. Transmission routes a.Perinatal tansmission b. Other routes of transmission B. Pathophysiology 1. HIV virus structure 2. Mechanism of entry into the host 3. Disease formation. C. Epidemiology 1. Global statistics 2. Statistics in the US D. Mortality...
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Risk Management Master Essay
Risk Management Master Essay
10 pages (2500 words)
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... Report and Risk Management Package to Use in Practice Introduction: Healthcare policy throughout the world, specially in UK is now extremely rigorous about improvement of quality of healthcare. Discrepancies of quality of care may arise from errors in execution of care in most healthcare systems (Department of Health, 1998). This resulted in origins of policies of clinical governance with the aim of improvement in quality of care (Moss, F., Palmberg, M., and Plsek, P., 2000). The deployment of clinical governance for efficient risk management was due, moreover, to consumer-oriented social changes that demands greater accountability and professionalism from the personnel that execute care ...
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Respiratory Synovial Virus (RSV)
Respiratory Synovial Virus (RSV)
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1
... Syncytial Virus Overview Respiratory syncytial virus or RSV is a leading cause of lower respiratory tract infection in young children and infants (Ji et al, 2009). The infection mainly manifests as viral pneumonia or bronchiolitis. The infection is usually mild, however, it can also be very severe necessitating admission to critical care units. As of now, there is no vaccine for RSV infection and the vaccine is under the development stage (Krilov, 2011). Epidemiology Peak incidence occurs between 2-8 years of age (Fryzek et al, 2011). In the United States, more than 4 million children ages less than 4 years of age acquire this infection and more than 125, 000 children get hospitalized because of...
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Common Genitourinary Problems
Common Genitourinary Problems
4 pages (1000 words)
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... and Management of Common Genitourinary Problems Affiliation Healthcare providers often have to deal with genitourinary problems, ranging from acute uncomplicated urinary infections to sexually transmitted diseases that present with genital complaints, both in males and females. Genitourinary infection is a common condition for which people from all ages visit emergency departments, primary care offices, and infectious diseases specialist's offices. A common diagnosis is acute cystitis, a low urinary tract infection that is uncomplicated in most cases. Complications as urosepsis do occur, and are more common in males, the elderly, and infants. The etiology of GU tract infections depends on patient's...
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The Nurses Role in the Prevention of Healthcare-associated Infections
The Nurses' Role in the Prevention of Healthcare-associated Infections
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Topic: Nurses' Role in the Prevention of Healthcare-associated Infections Ana L Martorell ENC1101 Final Research Paper School: Management Resources Institute Submitted to: Sonia Pinnock Date of Submission: May 25, 2013 Nurses' Role in the Prevention of Healthcare-associated Infections Abstract Nurses play a very important role in the prevention of hospital acquired infections. They are required to utilize several infection prevention interventions in order to ensure patient safety. This paper highlights the important of nurses’ role in infection prevention. The paper starts with an introduction of the topic, focusing on why nurses are considered as the most important part of a multidisciplinary...
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Research essay
Research essay
16 pages (4000 words)
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... Infection Control and Contents Introduction 2 Literature Searching Process 4 Main Body 5 Infection Control 5 Focused discussion on identified themes 11 Hand hygiene as a primary infection control 11 Effectiveness of hand hygiene as an infection control 12 The challenge of reduced hand hygiene compliance 12 Approaches to hand hygiene compliance 13 Conclusion 15 References 17 Primary journal articles 17 Secondary journal articles 18 Books 20 Introduction The issue of health has attracted increased attention in recent times. As health practitioners focus on modern infection-control practices, nurses continue putting more emphasis on traditional control measures that are safe and ethical. Kilpatrick,...
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Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B
4 pages (1000 words)
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... of Development: Hepatitis B Intro: Hepatitis B is a unique virus, and one of only a few viruses which uses reverse transcription as means of reproduction. Another (however unrelated virus), that uses this process of reproduction is the HIV virus that is responsible for AIDS in humans. When the Hepatitis B virus enters another cell, the viruses DNA gnome enters the cell nucleus, changing various proteins inside the now infected cell. The virus is largely transferred through different fluids containing the virus. It is spread through sexual contact, sharing needles, as well as other various forms of bodily fluid to other infected bodily fluid contact. There are also two cases of Hepatitis infection. I...
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How To Reduce Hospital Infections Related To Invasive Devices
How To Reduce Hospital Infections Related To Invasive Devices
4 pages (1000 words)
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... How to Reduce Hospital Infections Related to Invasive Devices The increase in prevalence of hospital infections related toinvasive procedures that uses invasive devices is something the medical and nursing world should never disregard. The very incidence of infection could imply failure on the part of the health care provider in any means that can be thought—failure of hygienic care, failure of information dissemination on proper self care. The nurses’ control of the environment does not only help promote health at its optimum but most significantly helps patients with compromised level of immune system have a fair fight against infection prevalence and control or the very least not to introduce new ...
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Effective hand hygiene in jails
Effective hand hygiene in jails
11 pages (2000 words)
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... hand hygiene in jails Problem Identification Infection control is one of the issues in the prison system which is the most difficult to resolve. Infection is a major source of diseases in the prison systems and it is liable to cause major health issues for the inmates as well as the prison guards and administrators (Rohde, 2006). Infection issues and contamination can cause lead to health problems including skin infections, gastroenteritis, influenza, respiratory tract infections, and other diseases which are exacerbated by inadequate hygiene and infection control practices. Prison is a communal place where various diseases abound more than the numbers and rates seen in the community setting (Roo...
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Symptoms, transmission, treatments, and prevention of the HPV virus
Symptoms, transmission, treatments, and prevention of the HPV virus
6 pages (1500 words)
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... HPV and Cervical Cancer ‘What Every Woman Should Know” d. Three interesting points about this topic are: a. Whether HPV Infections are the Chief Cause of Cervical Cancer The National Cancer Institute, in a report (2009) on Human Papilloma viruses and Cancer, stated that; Persistent HPV infections are now recognized as the major cause of cervical cancer. In 2007, it was estimated that 11,000 women in the United States would be diagnosed with this type of cancer and nearly 4,000 would die from it. Cervical cancer strikes nearly half a million women each year worldwide, claiming a quarter of a million lives (National Cancer Institute, 2008). As per this report, frequent HPV infections would result in ...
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Ventilator Acquired Pneumonia
Ventilator Acquired Pneumonia
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Acquired Pneumonia Ventilator Acquired Pneumonia Introduction Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is an infection that attacks the lung in the human being who is in breathing support of machines in hospitals (Datta, 2013). VAP affects persons who are critically ill in intensive care units. VAP is a primary source of ever-growing illness and death. Its diagnosis varies from one hospital to another, but it requires a modern infiltrate in chest X-rays together with other factors. Justification Pneumonia is an inflammatory lung condition, which affects the microscopic air sacs called alveoli. It is an infection caused by bacteria or virus and sometimes other microorganisms such as fungi. Ventilator is...
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Results presentation and discussion
Results presentation and discussion
5 pages (1250 words)
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... aeruginosa Bacteriophages and Cystic Fibrosis in UK RaimatouEssou I. CHANOU Microbiology Results The migration distance of pseudomonas aeruginosa strain Understanding the role of phage carrier in phages is an important process in establishing P. aeruginosa’s susceptibility of infection. In this section, bacterial motility was tested when verifying that type IV PILI is responsible for bacterial horizontal transfer. This is done to establish whether type IV PILI is needed by the three phages for infection to occur. The results are summarized in the table below. Table 1.The migration distance of pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA STRAIN Migration distance PAO1 2.5cm AMT0060.1 0.9cm AA...
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Chlamydia
Chlamydia
3 pages (750 words)
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... Research Report SOURCE OF STUDY Link: http sti.bmj.com/content/84/3/171.full.pdf Wallace, L. A., Scoular, A., Hart, G., Reid, M., Wilson, P., & Goldberg, D. J. Title: What is the excess risk of infertility in women after genital Chlamydia infection A systematic review of the evidence. Publication: (2008). Sexually Transmitted Infection, 84.3, 171-175. doi:10.1136/sti.2007.026047 PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to summarize evidence about the risk of infertility in women after Chlamydia infection. FINDINGS This review of a longitudinal study that measured pregnancy rates in groups of adolescent women both with and without Chlamydia infection found that the infection does not seem to affect fe...
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Does the research evidence support using caesarean section for reducing mother to baby transmission of hepatitis C during labour and birth
Does the research evidence support using caesarean section for reducing mother to baby transmission of hepatitis C during labour and birth
14 pages (3500 words)
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... Hepatitis C, an infectious liver disease caused by exposure to Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) is considered as the most common chronic blood infection and primary indication for liver transplant in the United States (England et al., 2006, p. 83; Maheshwari et al., 2008, p. 321; Webster et al., 2009 ,p. 108). In fact, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that approximately 170 million people around the globe are infected with HCV and roughly 3.4 million of these cases occur in the US alone (Alter et al., 1999, p. 558). According to the study conducted by Armstrong and his colleagues, the incidence of Hepatitis C infection in the US escalated from zero to 44 cases for every 100,000 individuals...
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Reproductive Disorders
Reproductive Disorders
1 pages (250 words)
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... disorders of the Biology of the June 4, Reproductive disorders Jane, aged 23, tested for gonorrhea a year ago. Her partner was also diagnosed with penicillinase producing N. gonorrhoeae and was given antibiotics. However, on the same day, Jane was taken to the ER with severe abdominal pain and vomiting. Her cervical smear test revealed N. gonorrhoeae as well as other bacteria. Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea In men, uncomplicated gonorrheal infection manifests as urinary complaints of burning sensation on urination and purulent urethral discharge. Only a small number of infected men are asymptomatic. However, they are important reservoir for the spread of infection. Nearly 20% of men with rectal colo...
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Evaluate one aspect of care that you have experienced during the course that has changed since you left Nursing Practice in 1999. The practice of urinary cathet
Evaluate one aspect of care that you have experienced during the course that has changed since you left Nursing Practice in 1999. The practice of urinary cathet
12 pages (3000 words)
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... the Practice of Catheterising Patients during the Terminal Stage of Illnesses Introduction Cancer is one of the most leading causes of death among the elderly individuals in UK. (National Statistics, 2009) Although there are some cancer patients who are able to live longer than five years, it remains a fact that there are roughly more than 150,000 cancer deaths that occur in UK each year (Cancer Research, 2009). In UK, most of the terminally ill patients with 78% prefer to receive their care from a palliative care rather than at the comfort of their own home (News Medical, 2007). As part of improving the quality of life of the terminally ill patients, approximately 4 million individuals receive an ...
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Superbugs and misusage of antibiotics
Superbugs and misusage of antibiotics
9 pages (2250 words)
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... and misuse of antibiotics By 04 December Superbugs and misuse of antibiotics Currently, there exist several types of antibiotics. Some of these antibiotics have been developed to provide resistance to bacteria, virus, fungus, and parasites. However, there exists a difference between antibiotics. For example, there those with wider action are known as broad-spectrum antibiotics while those that are effective to only few organisms are known as narrow spectrum antibiotics (American Academy of Paediatrics 2013). However, the common used of antibiotics is for bacterial resistance. The discovery of antibiotics was only possible in the 19th century (History Learning Site 2013). One of the main contributors ...
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HIV/AIDS disease
HIV/AIDS disease
8 pages (2000 words)
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... disease This report is based on the current statistics, prevalence of the HIV/AIDS disease and current social work interventions that are implemented to alleviate the disease. All the recent statistics are by the WHO and UNICEF is being analyzed in the analysispart. All the major interventions implemented by governments and NGOs are being analyzed. The entire necessary factors for the prevalence of the disease are being discussed in the discussion part. Lastly the research paper concluded the important facts and points. Introduction AIDS is the acquired immune deficiency syndrome which is predominantly caused by the HIV virus. In the year 1983 and 1984, the immunodeficiency virus was discovered in...
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The Implications of MRSA on Wound Healing
The Implications of MRSA on Wound Healing
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 2
... Word count: 1607 P.Swarnalatha ID # 5448 Order # 156444 12th March 2007 The Implications of MRSA on Wound Healing Introduction Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the most serious health disorders faced by the human beings in the present era. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a specific strain of the Staphylococcus aureus bacterium that has developed antibiotic resistance to all penicillins, including methicillin (Foster, 1996). The resistant strain, MRSA was first discovered in the United Kingdom in 1961 and is now widespread, particularly in the hospital setting where it is normally termed a superbug. The symptoms can range from skin boils to...
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HPV in women
HPV in women
8 pages (2000 words)
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... Task: HPV in women HPV is a widespread category of virus that stands for the human papilloma virus. HPV types number to about a hundred and distress diverse parts of the body. About 30 types of the virus have an effect on the genitals such as the vagina, penis, vulva, scrotum, and the cervix. These types also affect the anus and the rectum (Monsonego 189). Thirteen of these types of virus have been classified as high risks because they cause cervical cancer. Apparently, HPV affects 80 per cent of sexually energetic men and women but only a few people become aware of the presence of the virus in their system (Monsonego 189). HPV in women Direct skin contact with an HPV infected person is the main way ...
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Nurses role
Nurses role
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 1
... Nurses role The study of this research is aimed at exploring the role of nurses in prevention of the healthcare associated infections. Theconcept of healthcare associated infections has been defined in this research. The characteristics of healthcare associated infections have been studied. The essential conditions that lead to the transmission of healthcare associated infections to susceptible patients are identified in the research process. The various features of healthcare associated infections that distinguish it from other diseases have been studied in the research process. The nurses have been identified as the frontline people for prevention of health care associated infections. The duties...
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Helicobacter pylori in gastrointestinal disorders
Helicobacter pylori in gastrointestinal disorders
12 pages (3000 words)
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... Helicobacter pylori is a slow growing, highly motile, microaerophilic, spiral-shaped, gram-negative bacteria (Graham & Sung, 2006). It is reported that at least 50% of the worlds population is infected with H. pylori (Ables, Simon, Melton, 2007). H.pylori is linked to histologic gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, primary B cell gastric lymphoma and adenocarcinoma of the stomach (Graham & Sung, 2006). The bacterium shows an affinity for the gastric epithelium and elicits a strong inflammatory and immune response (Graham & Sung, 2006). The most characteristic biochemical feature of H. pylori is the production of urease (Graham & Sung, 2006). Epidemiology H.pylori infection is typically acqu...
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Sexually Transmitted Infections
Sexually Transmitted Infections
2 pages (500 words)
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... Describe the prevalence, clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and possible complications of Chlamydia Trachomatis in a woman of childbearing age. Chlamydia is the commonest sexually transmitted disease in the United States caused by a bacterium. Chlamydia Trachomatis causes this disease and has an estimated prevalence of 4 million infections annually. About 75 percent of the infected women (Sexually Transmitted disease. CDC Fact sheet) do not have any symptoms. Symptoms include abnormal vaginal discharge, lower abdominal pain, lower back pain and burning sensation when urinating. Nausea, pain during intercourse, fever and bleeding between periods may also be seen. It is diagnosed by laboratory te...
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Gonorrhea
Gonorrhea
2 pages (500 words) , Download 1
... Introduction: Gonorrhea is one of the longest known diseases caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrheae. This disease is transmitted through sex. According to the estimates recorded in MedicineNet (2011, p. 2), number of women currently infected with this disease exceeds one million, of which, between 25 per cent and 40 per cent also have another type of sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by chlamydia. Regions of infection: It is wrongly believed that gonorrhea is transmitted through handles of the doors or toilet seats. The bacterium responsible for this infection is very sensitive to the environment and grows only in favorable circumstances and suitable conditions. Neisseria gonorrheae...
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Towards Inexistence of Healthcare-Associated Infections
Towards Inexistence of Healthcare-Associated Infections
3 pages (750 words) , Download 0
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... Leadership and Compliance Towards Inexistence of Healthcare-associated Infections College Leadership and Compliance towards Inexistence of Healthcare-associated Infections Benjamin Franklin once said, ‘an ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure’. People thought that he was implying the need to take actions to maintain optimum health. These days, this maxim may not only be deemed applicable to well-rounded individuals; it may also pertain to people who are already inflicted with disease. When a person is already sick, prevention of healthcare-associated infection is as important as curing the illness. The prevalence of healthcare-associated infections continues to be a global issue (Dixon, ...
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Scholarly database search
Scholarly database search
2 pages (500 words)
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... Topic: Incidence Rates of Ventilator- Associated Pneumonia (VAP) and Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infection in ICUs Database Selected In thislibrary search, online database utilized are ScienceDirect (www.sciencedirect.com) and JSTOR (http://www.jstor.org). Specifically, ScienceDirect is a product of Elsevier Publishing, committed to provide scientific database with more than 2,500 full-text peer-reviewed journals and more than 11,000 books. Elsevier collated research studies from numerous authors and scientists as far back as 1823. Thus, improvement in research methods can be easily seen in search results. This is of particular importance in the topic selected to browse relevant research...
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MRSA
MRSA
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1
... Introduction Staphylococcus aureus and Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization, results in severe infections in humans. It is examined that Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a widespread basis of illness in society and hospital surroundings. The severity is due to its multi-drug resistant nature. It is therefore also known as multidrug resistant Staphylococcus aureus, as it is the strain that has developed resistance to beta-lactam as well as cephalosporin group of antibiotics. It is a nuisance in hospital for the patients with open wounds or on invasive devices. It is bothersome for immunocompromised patients. Signs and Symptoms of MRSA In most of the cas...
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Problem Intervention Outcome in Hospital Sphere
Problem Intervention Outcome in Hospital Sphere
5 pages (1250 words)
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... acquired infection or HAI is a kind of infection whose development is actually favored by the environment prevailing within the hospital. It can either be acquired by the patients as well as the hospital staff too if proper care is not undertaken by the hospital. The overall incidence of this HAI can be increased due to the reduced level of resistance in patients. Various empirical studies have suggested that almost 99,000 deaths in hospitals occur due to hospital acquired infection. (Pollack, 2010) Other estimates also suggest that almost 2 million patients are directly affected by the hospital acquired infection. As such the overall incidence of the HAI is relatively large and can become a...
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This week, you will begin to develop an Information Retrieval Paper, which you will complete in the second half of the course. This Assignment focuses on identifying appropriate evidence-based nursing practices related to specific problems you may identif
This week, you will begin to develop an Information Retrieval Paper, which you will complete in the second half of the course. This Assignment focuses on identifying appropriate evidence-based nursing practices related to specific problems you may identif
3 pages (750 words)
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... control Clinical problem Spread of infections amongst hospitalized patients is one critical clinical problem. Infection control applies microbiology theory since bacteria, fungi, or viruses usually cause the infections. Infections that are prevalent amongst hospitalized patients include urinary and surgical sites infections, wound, respiratory, skin, bone, as well as blood infections. Research Question How are nurses responsible for the spread of infections amongst hospitalized patients receiving treatment for other conditions? Rational This clinical problem is under nurses’ control as it is their responsibility to ensure infection control in their workplace settings. Some infections are easily tran...
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Chlamydia
Chlamydia
3 pages (750 words) , Download 1
... Chlamydia and Chlamydial infection. Chlamydia is a genus of bacteria that are obligate intracellular parasites. Generally, genus Chlamydia includes three species: Chlamydia muridarum, Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia pneumonia (also known as Chlamydophila pnemoniae). The most common representative of Chlamydia genus is Chlamydia trachomatis which can cause Chlamydia infection – an infectious disease that is transmitted through sex. It is one of the most common sexually transmitted disease. Infection with chlamydia usually transfers through sex, but the transmission does not occur in all cases. The main route of infection is vaginal, anal sexual contact and household contact. Children can become...
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Ostemyelitis
Ostemyelitis
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Anna Fihar Osteomyelitis is an infectious disease of the bone and bone marrow. The world osteomyelitis came from Greek words “osteon” that means bone, “myelo” – marrow and “itis” defines as inflammation. Osteomyelitis is a quite old disease. The paleopathology gave evidences of osteomyelitis that have been founded not only in early humans but also in fossil animals. (Klenerman L,2007) Different authors gave several names for bones inflammation. For example, “cold of the bones” was used by Albucasis in the 11th century, Avicenna and other arab scientist defined this disease as “corruption of the bones”, in 1830 Gross used the term “necrosis”, Paster called this disease “carbuncle” in 1860 as he thoug...
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Disease Focus Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Disease Focus Pseudomonas aeruginosa
3 pages (750 words)
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... Focus Pseudomonas aeruginosa Disease Focus Pseudomonas aeruginosa Pseudomonas infection Pseudomonas infection results from effects of opportunistic pathogens especially pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria. A potential pseudomonas infection causes joint pains, muscle pains, chills, fever, and tiredness amongst the affected patients. Pseudomonas infection mostly affects patients with very weak immune systems and rarely causes disease amongst healthy individuals. In most cases, hospitalized patients or those suffering from AIDS normally faces the highest risks of acquiring pseudomonas infection. It is imperative to note that pseudomonas aeruginosa exists mostly in hospitals where it causes infections...
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Gram Positive and gram Negative
Gram Positive and gram Negative
7 pages (1750 words)
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... It is evident that sample contains various kinds of microorganism belonging to different species, although the disease causing organism pre-dominates other micro flora present in the sample. Identification is based on the kind of Gram reaction shown by the organism. This is the most pragmatic staining also called differential staining performed to categorize microbial population into two groups the Gram positive and Gram negative organisms. The reaction displays the characteristic of the cell wall of the bacterial species. If the bacterial species possess thick peptidoglycan layer it displays Gm +ve differential staining and if the microorganism possess thin or single layer of peptidoglycan then it...
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Treatment and Prevention of Hepatitis C in Adult Population
Treatment and Prevention of Hepatitis C in Adult Population
10 pages (2500 words)
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... Assessment for Treatment and Prevention of Hepatitis C in Adult Population Inserts His/Her Inserts Grade Course Customer Inserts Tutor's Name 14 July 2008 Community Assessment for Treatment and Prevention of Hepatitis C in Adult Population Hepatitis C is the most common blood-borne viral illness in the United States and Hepatitis C virus (HCV), first identified in 1989, is a leading cause of chronic liver disease, and ultimately death from cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. It is most prevalent among injection drug users, particularly homeless adults, and further spread of infection occurs through new injection drug users who share infected injection equipments, because HCV is more transmissibl...
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Identification of Clostridium difficle
Identification of Clostridium difficle
12 pages (3000 words) , Download 1
... of Clostridium Difficle Identification of Clostridium Difficle Known by several s such as C. Difficle, CD or C. Diff, Clostridium Difficle is a Gram-positive bacteria species belonging to the genus Clostridium that is responsible for intestinal diseases such as diarrhoea when competing bacteria is eliminated by antibiotics. The earliest case of Clostridium difficle was reported during early 1890s although the first case to affect humans was identified in 1978. During the 2000s, cases related to Clostridium difficle have been on the rise globally. Clostridium difficle mostly leads to the development of nosocomial diarrhoea (Planche & Wilcox, 2011, p. 3-4). Diarrhoea cases associated with C. difficle...
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A Report and Risk Management Package
A Report and Risk Management Package
15 pages (3750 words)
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... Report and Risk Management Package Introduction: Healthcare policy throughout the world, specially in UK is now extremely rigorous about improvement of quality of healthcare. Discrepancies of quality of care may arise from errors in execution of care in most healthcare systems (Department of Health, 1998). This resulted in origins of policies of clinical governance with the aim of improvement in quality of care (Moss, F., Palmberg, M., and Plsek, P., 2000). The deployment of clinical governance for efficient risk management was due, moreover, to consumer-oriented social changes that demands greater accountability and professionalism from the personnel that execute care (Seddon, M.E., Mars...
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PUBLIC HOSPITAL SAFETY AND HEALTHCARE MANAGEMENT
PUBLIC HOSPITAL SAFETY AND HEALTHCARE MANAGEMENT
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 1
... Poll Finds High Levels of Concern About Medical Errors, Support For Public Hospital Safety Ratings In recent times, there has been increasing concern over hospital-acquired infections and other forms of medical harm. Recent polls show that majority of people are afraid that someone in their family may be a victim of hospital-acquired infection. People also expressed concern that they might be harmed due to medication error and surgical errors. It was felt that hospitals should report their errors to the state health departments and also records of these errors should be made available to the general public. A survey comprising of about 1,000 telephonic interviews revealed that many people feel it is ...
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HPV affect on women
HPV affect on women
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Affect on Women Human papillomavirus also known as HPV is a virus that is sexually transmitted, and can cause infection at the skin, or at the genital area of both males and females. The problem in HPV infections for women is that they bear the major burden of the consequences of the infection. Prevalence is higher at younger ages, with multiple sexual partners and smoking as precipitation factors. The diagnosis of the disease brings about social stigma for women. The moral perceptions of society are that women have to remain pure, and the infection is a reflection of their impurity is responsible for the social stigma and the psychosocial consequences. Social consequences include a feeling of shame ...
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Chlamydia
Chlamydia
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Etiological Agent Chlamydia is a bacterial infection caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. The Genus is Chlamydia while the species name is C. trachomatis. According to the CDC (2014a), Chlamydia is a nationally notifiable disease in the United States. In America, the disease infects about 2.8 million individuals annually, and it is characterized by a high proportion of asymptomatic cases. Globally, Chlamydia is the most commonly reported sexually transmitted disease (Malik, Hakim, Shukla, & Rizvi, 2006). Most of the infections occur in sexually active adults and young adults. In addition, it affects both men and women. Additionally, about 30 to 50 percent of the women in the United States have been...
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Summary and Impact
Summary and Impact
1 pages (250 words)
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... uncover features of antibody-producing cells in people infected with HIV Summary A team of scientists from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (part of the National Institutes of Health) conducted a research on the blood of 100 volunteers as patients with HIV-infection and healthy. This research revealed previously unknown features of B cells in the context of HIV infection. In particular, the fact that B cells in infected people are not stable and do not function properly, in contrast to of B cells of healthy people. Also, scientists proved that antiretroviral therapy improves the work quality of B cells in HIV-infected people. Scientists demonstrated that start time of...
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Opportunistic Microbial Infections
Opportunistic Microbial Infections
4 pages (1000 words)
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... MICROBIAL INFECTIONS Introduction Microorganisms present in the healthy body are collectively termed as normal flora. Their positive effects include their priming the immune system, and in blocking or inhibiting invading pathogens from colonizing the body. The negative effects of normal microbial flora are that they are “major causes of opportunistic infections that develop under permissive conditions”1 of lowered host defences and immunocompromisation. Thesis Statement: The purpose of this paper is to examine “opportunistic” microbial infections; and to investigate examples for bacterial, parasitic and viral opportunistic infections, and the factors that shift the host-pathogen balance to favour...
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Nosocomial Infections. What are they and how do you prevent them
Nosocomial Infections. What are they and how do you prevent them
1 pages (250 words)
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... Infections. What are they and how do you prevent them? Institute NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS: WHAT ARE THEY AND HOW DO YOU PREVENT THEM Nosocomial infections are basically those infections that are spread through the hospitals. To be more precise, nosocomial infections affect a patient during their stay at the hospital. A nosocomial infection is not the complaint with which the patient is admitted in the hospital and nor does it develop due to a previous exposure before the admission of the patient. It is the disease contracted during the stay at the hospital and it is also possible that the infection appears after the patient is discharged from the hospital. The infections among the health care providers ...
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Write a essay about those questions
Write a essay about those questions
6 pages (1500 words)
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... Topic: Pathogenic Microbe Assignment 4th December Syphilis Syphilis is a sexual transmitted disease caused by bacterium the bacterium Treponema pallidum. The disease is transmitted via sexual contact with infected individuals. Infected individuals especially those at the latent stage are the reservoirs for the bacterium. The disease may be spread through skin contact with infected individuals or even through contact with mucous membranes of the anus, mouth, lips and genital organs. Congenital syphilis is also possible during pregnancy where an infected mother may pass the bacteria to the unborn baby. Syphilis exhibits the symptoms of most diseases such as HIV. Except for the congenital syphilis, syph...
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