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Bipolar disorder: A summary of clinical issues and treatment options
Bipolar disorder: A summary of clinical issues and treatment options
2 pages (500 words)
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... Disorder Bipolar disorder is one of the most common mental disorders in the United s, affecting a minimum of 2 million people in the country (CenterSite, 2000). This disorder is also commonly known as manic-depression. People with this disorder experience mood swings, from mania characterized by elation or irritability, to depression as characterized by sadness and hopelessness. Bipolar disorder usually starts during adolescence and continues throughout the life of the person afflicted with the disorder, affecting that person's ability to normally function in the workplace and in family and social life. Young and Klerman categorized bipolar disorder into: bipolar I, characterized by episodes of mania...
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The Effect of Parkinsons Disease
The Effect of Parkinson's Disease
8 pages (2000 words)
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... Effects of Parkinson’s disease Parkinson’s disease is caused by the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantianigra of the brain and is characterized by various motor and non-motor symptoms. The history of this disease can be traced back to 1817 and since then different discoveries have been made to improve its treatment and understanding of pathogenesis. The etiology of the disease has been discussed in relation to both the genetic and environmental factors. Important genes causing inherited Parkinson’s disease are LRRK2, PINK1, Parkin gene, SNCA and DJ-1. The mutations can result either in dominant or recessive Parkinson’s disease. Environmental factors playing an important role are...
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Drug and Alcohol Treatment - History and Structure
Drug and Alcohol Treatment - History and Structure
7 pages (1750 words)
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... and Alcohol Treatment: History and Structure History The history of alcohol and other drug treatments is considered clear-cut story of progressoralism, negligence, and cruelty, which were overthrown, by scientific learning, medical development, and morality. The previously held belief that an addict wilfully chooses drugs was displaced by a comprehension of ‘diseases’ and ‘mental disorders’ that blind an individual in this choice. However, this historical assumption appears false. Firstly, it ignores the coexistence and pressure of assumptions that accentuate will power, cultural or biological makeup. Although, a particular assumption might have been more eminent and widely accepted at a specific po...
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Analyzing Psychological Disorders: Schizophrenia, Anxiety and Anorexia
Analyzing Psychological Disorders: Schizophrenia, Anxiety and Anorexia
7 pages (1750 words)
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... Head: ANALYZING PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS Analyzing Psychological Disorders: Schizophrenia, Anxiety and Anorexia It is widely appreciated that the brain and the nervous system control the behavior of a person; the link between biology and psychological disorders. Understanding of this area of study known as biopsychology is important in understanding the biological basis of psychological disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease and drug-induced psychoses, ultimately resulting in application to treat these diseases. One of the most common neurobiological diseases is schizophrenia, a condition with numerous data gaps although it has been known for a long time. For such an important disorder, it is crucial...
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Psychology
Psychology
9 pages (2250 words)
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... by 0 ANSWERS TO QUESTION 1 Plasti Plasti is like the ability of the brain to change because of a particular situation that the person undergoes. Because of a different experience or sensation, the brain neurons form new connections and break some old ones. This is plasticity and if the brain does not exhibit such a characteristic, then it must be fixed. In mental health, plasticity is of a particular significance because it is through plasticity that mental illnesses occur. Circumstances in the environment, personal traumatic experiences and certain chemicals have an effect on the brain and such effects cause changes in it that will result in mental illnesses. If the brain did not have plasticity as ...
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Biological psychology
Biological psychology
10 pages (2500 words)
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... Biological psychology Response to Question Part a. The means and standard deviations of the Racropride binding for the eight participants before and after rTMS which denotes the concentration of dopamine is the independent variable while the two structures i.e. the caudate nucleus and the putamen are the dependent variables. This implies plotting the type of structure against the means and standard deviations of the Racropride binding for the eight participants. Part b. The study design is the within participant study. This is because the same eight participants were used in each group. In this case, the eight participants were used in the before and after the repetitive Transcranial Magnetic...
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Legalization of Cannabis for Medical Use Essay
Legalization of Cannabis for Medical Use Essay
4 pages (1000 words)
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... of Cannabis for Medical Use Cannabis has been used in therapeutic purposes for several centuries already, but during the previous century its use have been strictly limited, as this substance became a subject of misuse and abuse. Since the use of cannabis as a medication was forbidden in the U.S in 1937 (Medicinal Marijuana: the Struggle for Legalization, 1997), the continuous struggle has been led between the supporters and the opponents of using cannabis for treatment of certain conditions. For to define the topic of the essay, let's first consult the encyclopedias for to see the definition of the word cannabis. So, the Dictionary.Com Website defines cannabis as: 1. A tall annual dioecious plant (...
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Teen suicide research paper
Teen suicide research paper
6 pages (1500 words)
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... of the of the 30 March Teen Depression Depression is one of the most significant factors that leads our youth towards suicidal attempts. Some of the significant factors which are responsible for the suicidal behavior in teens include mood disorders, anxiety, family conflicts, bullying by peers, anger, drug abuses and disruptive behaviors ("The Brown Child and Adolescent University Behavior Letter." N.PAG). In addition, recent stressful life is also equally responsible for depression in teen. As a result, teens are killing themselves leaving behind heartbroken families. a) Overwhelming Sense of Sadness If a person is depressed, an abnormal change in his/her habits occurs for example eating, sleeping, ...
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Mood disorders
Mood disorders
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Information about Mood Disorders Jerry Ciacho Mood disorders, being a quite common mental disturbance that can occur to people from all ages and from all walks of life, whether it be children, teenagers or adults. It is characterized by an occurrence of a mood that might be strange or atypical in situations or circumstances. There are numerous mood disorders that are common and that happen regularly to certain people such as depression, bipolar disorders, seasonal affective disorders and many more. They go through a change in personality. Sudden switching of mood, from extremely happy to extremely sad, from hyperactivity to depression, without a major reason, is another symptom of mood disorders....
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Depression Psychology Essay
Depression Psychology Essay
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Taylor mentioned that “About 12 million adults in the United s suffer from depression in a given year” (Taylor). Even though living standards of people all over the world increased a lot in the recent past, a variety of physical and psychological disorders are causing huge problems to them. Depression seems to be one of the major psychological problems affecting all people irrespective of their age, gender, culture or socioeconomic backgrounds. According to Klein, & Wender (2005), “somewhere between 10 and 30 percent depressives and manic depressives kill themselves” (Klein, & Wender, p.1). Many people have the illusion that depression is only a minor psychological problem. In reality, if left...
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How is academic performance affected by mood stabilizing medication on school children
How is academic performance affected by mood stabilizing medication on school children
12 pages (3000 words)
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... RUNNING HEADING: How is academic performance affected by mood stabilizing medication on school children? School How is academic performance affected by mood stabilizing medication on school children? Introduction Mood stabilizing agents or ‘mood stabilizers’ or ‘thymoleptics’ are a group of drugs that have an antidepressant and an antimaniac effect, and are used in the treatment of acute mania, major depression and bipolar disorders. Some of the commonly used mood stabilizers include lithium, sodium valproate and carbamazepine. They belong to the group’s lithium, anticonvulsants, antidepressants and antipsychotics. Mood stabilizers are used in the treatment of a number of psychiatric disorders...
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Critical thinking is not just thinking but thinking which entails self improvement and this improvement comes from skill in using standards by which one approp
Critical thinking is not just thinking but thinking which entails self improvement and this improvement comes from skill in using standards by which one approp
10 pages (2500 words)
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... A Continuing or Discontinuing Syndrome of Social Malfunction Introduction Depression is a disease that baffles even the patient and described quite well by Alpert (2004) as “That which was unintelligible to them, in the 20th century, became intelligible as one of those psychological misfortunes that befalls people, as a symptom, by definition unintelligible but, because it fulfills that qualification of a symptom or a psychological disturbance of some kind, it becomes intelligible.” Most patients express dislike and wish with all their might to be able to be kept away from it as if depression was a plague. The symptom, according to Alpert (2004) seems alien, a bug that keeps on nagging there is...
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Attention Deficit Disorder in Child Development
Attention Deficit Disorder in Child Development
8 pages (2000 words)
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... 25 November 2006 Attention Deficit Disorder in Child Development Introduction Attention Deficit Disorder is a neurological syndrome that is usually genetically transmitted. It is characterized by distractibility, impulsivity, and restlessness. Children with ADD tend to think quickly and creatively. They are usually smart, intuitive, and full of new ideas and plans. Sometimes they procrastinate, have trouble staying on task, completing projects, or following through on ideas. Sometimes they underachieve in school or unintentionally disrupt social occasions. All these problems relate to their brain having trouble focusing attention and regulating impulses (Hallowell & Ratey 1994, pg. 3). There have...
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Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar Disorder
3 pages (750 words)
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... Draft of Bipolar Disorder What is bipolar disorder According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH: Bipolar, 2006), it is a brain disorder that causes major shifts in mood from manic to depressive and back again with normal moods in between. There are extreme disruptions in mood for those who are bipolar, so much so that these mood changes can affect relationships, job or school performance, and even lead to thoughts of suicide. It affects energy levels and ability to function and a person could be a danger to self and others in a state of severe mania. In its depressive state, it might lead to thoughts of suicide. Bipolar disorder is a long-term illness that presently has no cure and mu...
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How Individual Beliefs About Illness Affect Health and Treatment
How Individual Beliefs About Illness Affect Health and Treatment
7 pages (1750 words)
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... Individual Beliefs About Illness Affect Health and Treatment: A Critical Discussion (Fill in with your information , etc.) How Individual Beliefs About Illness Affect Health and Treatment: A Critical Discussion The psychological factors which can reflect on health and illness and the altogether well being of a person are intensely intricate and highly relevant as a topic of critical discussion in the world of today. In order to truly understand how individual beliefs about illness affect health and treatment, the following questions must be addressed: 1. What is psychology 2. How can individual beliefs about illness affect health and treatment By discussing these two questions, a clearer and more und...
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Nursing - Use of Herbals
Nursing - Use of Herbals
6 pages (1500 words)
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... of Herbals Introduction For many years, herbals have been used to treat various conditions like, liver diseases, asthma, and rheumatoid arthritis among others (Cassileth, Yeung, and Gubili & 2008). There is also an increase in the use of these compounds among people living with HIV/AIDS. This has made the use of herbal medicines be among ancient medical practices gaining popularity alongside conventional medicines. This popularity is particularly attributed to clinical studies that have acknowledged the importance of herbal remedies in treating and preventing diseases. Studies have also shown improvements in the control of quality and evaluation of these compounds. Considering that many herbal...
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Alcohol Dependence Correlated with Mental Health Diagnosis According to DSM IV-TR Criteria
Alcohol Dependence Correlated with Mental Health Diagnosis According to DSM IV-TR Criteria
7 pages (1750 words)
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... Dependence Correlated with Mental Health Diagnosis According to DSM IV-TR Criteria 1. INTRODUCTION Substance dependence has an old and complex relation with human civilization, with a wide variety of intoxicants, narcotics and other plant products introduced and experimented for therapeutic, ritualistic and recreational purposes by different cultures. Alcohol is one of the substances that have been used for many social and cultural purposes with significant economic contributions as well as substantial harms. Damages as a consequence of alcohol have been reported by Babor and associates to result as a consequence of toxicity, intoxication and dependence (Room et al., 2005). American Psychiatric ass...
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Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
3 pages (750 words)
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... behavior (OCD) As early as the 14th century, historians have recorded a number of people in Europe who have manifested obsessive-compulsive disorder. Of course the disorder may have already existed long before they were ever recorded in the history of humankind. Since OCD is characterized by recurrent and often very persistent thoughts, images and impulses on the part of the patient that the patient is often driven to make overt responses to his or her persistent and recurrent thoughts and visions (see American Psychiatric Association, 2000). In most cases the person who is suffering from OCD knows that he or she is reacting excessively but could not control his or her reactions (see American...
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The Medicalization of Psychological Suffering
The Medicalization of Psychological Suffering
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 1
... MEDICATION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL SUFFERING The Medication of Psychological Suffering Treatment of Psychological Suffering Depression is a form of psychological suffering. Depression is a mood disorder. It causes a persistent feeling of loss of interest and sadness. It affects how one think, behave and feel. Occasionally, depression may lead to a variety of physical and emotional problems. It makes one have a feeling of hopelessness in life and creates troubles in doing routine activities (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2014). Therefore, depression is not a faction but an abnormal experience. A variety factors cause depression. It may be biological differences causing a physical change in the brain. Brain chemistry ma...
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Analyzing Psychological Disorders
Analyzing Psychological Disorders
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Analyzing Psychological Disorders Your school This paper examines schizophrenia and two cases, one involving generalized anxietydisorder and one involving anorexia nervosa from the perspective of biopsychology. In analyzing schizophrenia, the neural basis is explored along with the areas of the brain affected as well as the symptomology and possible treatments from this perspective. Then two cases are examined: the first, a male with generalized anxiety disorder, the second, a female struggling with anorexia. Both cases are considered from the viewpoint of biopsychology and include treatment based on biopsychology’s model of nature/nurture and how they interact. Courses of treatment based on this...
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Depression
Depression
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Depression Introduction Depression refers to a mood disorder whereby feelings of sadness, frustration, loss, or anger impede everyday life for a long period. It is among the most common and most debilitating mental ailments (Eisenberg, 1992). Types of depression Torpy (2010) outlines the different types of depression. To start with, an individual who frequently feels sad, loses interest in usual activities or has inexplicable crying spells may be suffering from major depression. This grave medical condition should be differentiated from ordinary temporary feelings of sadness following a loss, for instance, the death of a friend or relative. Other types of depression include dysthymia, a mild kind of ...
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Professional Book Review - Behavioral Neuroscience/psychology
Professional Book Review - Behavioral Neuroscience/psychology
10 pages (2500 words)
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... Number] Book Review: Anatomy of an Epidemic by Robert Whitaker The issue of treating mental illness using the psychiatric drugs has evolved as the centre point of heating debates for several decades. The experts arguing from both the sides use to present different evidences in support of their stance on this subject matter. During last three decades, there is record increase in the number of people roll for the government funding due to the mental illness. This increase appears to be critical moment of concern for the psychiatrists, social scientists as well as common people because it indicates the penetration of mental illness among the population on the country at alarming rate. There are...
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Role of 5htp in treating depression
Role of 5htp in treating depression
5 pages (1250 words)
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... The role of 5-htp in treatment of depression Lecturer 5-HTP is a contentious complement that is presently receiving exceedingly mixed reviews from consumers and researchers alike. It can be produced in the laboratory through extraction from the seeds of the plant Griffonia simplicifolia 5-hydroxytryptophan or 5-HTP, is an amino acid occurring naturally in the body, and performs an important role in the serotonin production within the brain (Turner, 2006). Serotonin executes a numerous functions, however in the brain it is predominantly involved in the regulation of mood; the higher the level of our serotonin in the brain, the happier one feels. Through taking 5-hydroxytryptophan in form of a...
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Is there a case to downgrade ecstasy to a class B drug in the UK
Is there a case to downgrade ecstasy to a class B drug in the UK
10 pages (2500 words)
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... there a case to downgrade Ecstasy to a B drug in the UK? Introduction Ecstasy is an illicit drug featuring in the list of “war on drugs”. The list starts with soft drugs and ends with hard drugs. Ecstasy‘s other names are “Adam, brownies, burgers, E, MDMA (methylenedioxymethamphetamine) rhubarb, and custard or XTD”. It is marketed in the form of capsule or tablet and is meant to be swallowed. People especially in late teens or early twenties gathering in clubs consume Ecstasy in order to have extraordinary energy levels for their dancing. As a result of some high profile deaths due to use of this drug during the late 1990s, demand for this drug in Britain fell sharply. It is said to generate extreme ...
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The Moral question of legallizing Marijuana
The Moral question of legallizing Marijuana
8 pages (2000 words)
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... Moral question of legalizing Marijuana Marijuana is the term given to the dried form of the hemp plant Cannabis Sativa. It is a dried and shredded green and brown mix of flowers, stems, seeds, and leaves of Cannabis sativa. (Stephens, 2008). The main chemical in the plant, which gives the users a kind of mental ‘high’, is the delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, THC for short. Marijuana is also called as Cannabis, Hash, Ganja, Pot, Weed, etc. It is used by the people for many purposes. The most common purpose for using Marijuana is for ‘mental pleasure’. People use marijuana to derive pleasure from it, then it can ruin the mental and physical health of the user. The rising numbers of people who are...
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Conclusion Section of Thesis
Conclusion Section of Thesis
9 pages (2250 words)
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... of novel ibogaine analogs with the human α3β4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor Table of Contents page 1. Drug Addiction……………………………………………………………… 4 2. Socioeconomic Problems…………………………………………………….. 4 3. Neurobiological Basis of Drug Addiction………………………………..… 5 4. Link between Drug Addiction and Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors…… 10 5. Cholinergic Drugs Used for Anti-Addiction Therapy…………………..… 13 6. Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors Family……………………………….. 18 7. Overall Structure………………………………………………………….. 19 8. Physiological Functions………………………………………………….. 20 9. Path...
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A case study of Reorganisation
A case study of Reorganisation
21 pages (5250 words)
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... A case study of Reorganisation Introduction The process of reorganisation is in some ways a fresh start for an organisation which has not been able to keep pace with the change of the system and is thus due for either a decline or even an end to its existence. When it is reorganised, the systems through which the organisation used to exist changes and due to that it receives a fresh lease of life. This often means a substantial change in the organisation including its shareholders, capital, objectives, etc. Analysis In the beginning it self, let us look at the situation of the industry. It is clearly seen now that there will be a continuous increase in the demand for medicines since the population i...
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Mental Health of Athletes
Mental Health of Athletes
12 pages (3000 words) , Download 1
... Health of Athletes To promote athletes’ brilliant careers and manage their mental posture from inactive to active and healthy in practices they need to have mental health learning and training to a large extent. At present, sport management put more interest on athletes health are the outcomes of athletes having attained and yet disregard the significance of mental health training that is going to create great results on the whole life of athletes. World Health Organization has advised the whole world that transforms the psychological health condition have mirrored national culture education and national aspiration in every aspects. Usually athletes live, learn, get training and take part in sport...
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Depression in Older adults
Depression in Older adults
10 pages (2500 words)
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... in Older Adults Depression in Older adults Introduction The paper seeks to have an understanding of various concepts related to mental health. Specifically, the paper will reflect on depression among the old adult population. The paper begins by describing the characteristic of depression in older adult population. Moreover, the paper addresses why depression has been an issue among the older adult population. In addition, the paper seeks to show the effects of depression on the age group described. Additionally, there will be a description of the effects of depression on family members and the nursing professionals. A variety of tools or methods that are used to assess depression within older adult ...
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Medical Marijuana
Medical Marijuana
7 pages (1750 words)
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... Marijuana The struggle for legalization of cannabis has been led for decades now. The opponents of this decision argue that marijuana is a toxic substance that changes the mode of human's psychic and influences the person's physical condition negatively, thus it has to stay prohibited, while those, who support marijuana legalization believe that cannabis can be used for recreational and medical purposes without considerable harm to the humans' psychological and physical health. Cannabis has been used in therapeutic purposes for several centuries already, but during the previous century its use have been strictly limited, as this substance became a subject of misuse and abuse. Since the use of cannabi...
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Eating Disorders in Adolescent Males
Eating Disorders in Adolescent Males
6 pages (1500 words)
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... Eating Disorders in Adolescent Males Inserts His /Her Inserts Grade Inserts 31 July EatingDisorders in Adolescent Males Eating disorders among the males must be acted upon to avoid continuing physical and mental damage to the patient. The research focused on the patients who see their physical appearance negatively compared to the normal person. The research focuses on the patient refusing to eat food thinking that such food will make one fat. The research centers on the person who is too depressed with one’s physical appearance. The research includes the study of the patient’s use of laxatives to force one’s vomiting. The research includes the use of Psychotherapy, cognitive therapy, family...
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Economic of Industry
Economic of Industry
8 pages (2000 words)
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... ASSIGNMENT (30% OF TOTAL MARK). DEADLINE: 14th DEC 2007 (FRIDAY) WORD LIMIT: 1500 WORDS (excluding foot s and bibliography) PLEASE WRITE THE NAME OF YOUR TUTOR AND YOUR ASSIGNED TUTORIAL GROUP NUMBER ON THE COVER PAGE OF YOUR ASSIGNMENT. ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTION. Question 1: Examine the role of entry and exit in determining the evolution of industry structure. Using the theory of contestable markets and suitable example(s), critically assess the idea that potential competition is an important influence on pricing behaviour. Introduction The main characteristic of a contestable markets is that there are no entry and exit barriers. Hence there is always a threat of new entrants. When the incumben...
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The History of Cocaine
The History of Cocaine
10 pages (2500 words)
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... History of Cocaine Cocaine is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. It is a stimulant of the centralnervous system and an appetite suppressant, creating what has been described as a euphoric sense of happiness and increased energy. For thousands of years and still today, South American indigenous peoples have chewed the coca leaf (Erythroxylon coca), a plant which contains vital nutrients as well as numerous alkaloids, including cocaine. The leaf was and is chewed almost universally by some indigenous communities, but there is no evidence that its habitual use ever led to any of the negative consequences generally associated with habitual cocaine use today...
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Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia
17 pages (4250 words)
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... Schizophrenia Part A: Ethnography of archival research work In simple terms, Schizophrenia can be explained as the type of mental disorder, which restricts organized thoughts and communication capabilities of people, mostly at their young adulthood and also causes hallucinations, delusions and paranoia within the individual. At often instances, physicists have argued that schizophrenia relates with ethnographic factors. This particular notion will be examined in the following discussion in this section, where an ethnographic study will be performed with reference to archival works on schizophrenia (Kyziridis, 2005, pp. 42-46). In the archival work by Katallia (2011), it has been comprehended that...
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Mental disorder
Mental disorder
17 pages (4250 words)
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... Disorders Symptoms and causes. Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder of the brain that causes unusual shifts in a person's mood. It also affects the person's energy and ability to function. Bipolar disorder used to be referred to a manic depression because of the high state (mania) and the low state (depression) that the person alternately experienced. These swings from high state to low state and back can be very extreme. Bipolar disorder is usually diagnosed in late adolescence or adulthood. Children may also have the disorder but the symptoms are difficult to distinguish from other childhood behavioural disorders. Because the disorder has two distinct phases- the high and the low...
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Bi-Polar Disorder Treatment
Bi-Polar Disorder Treatment
8 pages (2000 words)
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... head: Diagnosis and Treatment of Bipolar Disorder Bipolar Disorder: Diagnosis and Treatment Number: of of Institution: Name of Instructor: 2013 Abstract Bipolar disorder is a psychiatric illness that is most prevalent in the adolescent period but also affects adults. Early intervention should be applied as it may result into serious symptoms, like death of the patient. The World Health Organization considers BD as a leading cause of disability. One of the most common symptoms for BD is depression, though clinicians described mania and hypomania as the common symptoms. Mania includes behavioural and cognitive wherein the patient displays symptoms of pressured speech and reduced sleep and other...
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ADHA
ADHA
1 pages (250 words)
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... in America Social, Emotional, and Behavioral Functioning EDSS 6379 Fall The human brain plays an important role in coordinating normal body processes and growth, however, when the brain is not in its rightful state; an individual is bound to suffer in different ways. One of the conditions of the brain that continues to affect many children and older people in the United States is Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), also referred to as hyperkinetic disorder (Farrar, 2011). This condition is usually described as a psychiatric disorder; that most often affect an individual’s process of neurodevelopment. A person suffering from this condition experiences reduced levels of attention and...
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Medical Negligence and Malpractice
Medical Negligence and Malpractice
12 pages (3000 words) , Download 2
... In a world where every business wants to ensure increasing sales and does not hesitate to sometimes even use illegal means of achievingthis target, the same practice of keeping a focus on just earning money is replicated in the profession of medicine. This paper will discuss the issue related to how pharmaceuticals have gone stray from their focus of preventing from diseases to a money making business. It will also discuss tactics deployed by some companies, such as; creating fear of new diseases, releasing untested drugs, testing their drugs in poorer countries, prescribing medicines meant for adults to children and infants, prescribing medicines to chronic patients which have not been tested for...
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Sexual Dysfunction: Male Erectile disorder
Sexual Dysfunction: Male Erectile disorder
8 pages (2000 words) , Download 1
... arousal involves activation of physiological systems that coordinate sexual functions in both sexes and which includes central arousal, non-genital and genital arousal. In men genital arousal leads to erection and disorders are identified and known as erectile disorders. Erectile dysfunction (ED) amounts to impotence and has been defined as “the persistent or repeated inability for at least 3 months to attain, and/or maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance’’ (Graziottin, 2004). Deviation from the normal sexual response cycle constitutes a ‘sexual dysfunction’ (Potts et al., 2004). It is the ability to attain or maintain penile erection sufficient for sexual performance....
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Depression
Depression
15 pages (3750 words)
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... Health sciences and medicine: Depression The most common reason for which individuals are being treated these days is depression, it is not just the elders but also the young ones suffer from this widely prevailing ‘disease’. It has become a lifestyle disorder, and has been associated with the changing lifestyle of individuals which put them under higher mental pressure leading to depression. Depression is also associated with the higher number of suicide rates. Under the current scenario, it has become highly important to understand the issue of depression, to assess it as a clinical disease and then search for the appropriate therapeutic approach for the disease. This paper aims to concisely...
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Psychosocial Impact of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children
Psychosocial Impact of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children
12 pages (2750 words)
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... Impact of ADHD in Children Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a chronic developmental disorder that is primarily associated with hyperactivity and attention difficulties. It is commonly diagnosed in children before the age of 7 years (Mark, 2007). The current information on the disease has been attributed to immense research in the subject. In the mid-19th century, Heinrich Hoffman, a German Physician, was the first to describe the features of ADHD in some children (Grannie et al. 2007). In 1922, Dr. George Still (Pediatrician) and Afreld Tredgold (Physician) of Britain were the first to document the disease. George Still noted that the diseases primarily presented as inability to fo...
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Stress
Stress
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Stress What are stressors and what are some of the most important sources of stress? The Psychology Glossary defines stressor as “anything (physical or psychological) that produces stress (negative or positive) is considered a stressor. For example, getting a promotion is a positive event, but may also produce a great deal of stress with all the new responsibilities, work load, etc.” (Psychology Glossary). In this regard, some of the most important sources of stress were categorized by NASA as: (1) relevant adjustments in life; (2) ordinary daily routines; (3) self-expectations deemed unrealistic; and (4) interpersonal relationships (NASA 1). 2. What is the life events approach and what problems are ...
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The In-Vivo and In-Vitro Effects of Sildenafil (Viagra) on Oocyte and Embryo Development
The In-Vivo and In-Vitro Effects of Sildenafil (Viagra) on Oocyte and Embryo Development
31 pages (7750 words)
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... The In-Vivo and In-Vitro Effects of Sildenafil (Viagra) on Oocyte and Embryo Development ID Number & Instructor’s Name Date Total Number of Words: 8,766 Table of Contents 1. Introduction …………………………………………………………………………. 3 1.1 Infertility Problems in Women ……………………………………………. 3 1.2 General Overview of Physiology and Anatomy of Female Reproduction ... 7 1.2.1 Physiology of Fertilization and Implantation Process …..……. 9 1.2.2 Physiology of Ovarian Function and Reproductive System .… 12 1.3 Ways on How Secretion of Ovary Controls the Reproduction …………… 16 1.4 Historical Development, Chemical Composition, and Mechanism of Action...
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Sigmund Freud Biography
Sigmund Freud Biography
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Sigmund Freud Biography Sigmund Freud is one of the most controversial and influential psychologists in the 19th centurywhose input in psychology and medicine continues to have a major impact in understanding human behavior. His foray into then largely unexplored neurological field and his subsequent private practice earned him many tags, such as the rogue doctor. This resulted from his unconventional methods of treating patients and trials using drugs such as cocaine. Sigmund Freud is considered the father of psychoanalysis, one of the most revolutionary fields in psychology (Wollheim, 1971). Born Sigismus Schlomo Freud on May 6, 1856, Freud changed his name to Sigmund after attaining 22 years. He...
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Low Testosterone Levels in Relation to Depression
Low Testosterone Levels in Relation to Depression
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Low testosterone levels in relation to Depression Grade (27th, Nov. Low testosterone levels in relation to Depression Recent researches have indicated a positive relationship between testosterone levels and depression in men. The researches have indicated that the levels of this hormone affect how men respond to treatment regarding depression. Thus, a higher percentage of men who do not respond to conventional depression treatment have either low or low-to-normal testosterone levels (Carnahan & Perry, 2004). Additionally, it is established that low testosterone levels can cause clinical depression in older men (Michael, 2006). As male individuals grow older, their testosterone levels decrease....
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Mental health (a patient with bipolar who had a three years old baby)
Mental health (a patient with bipolar who had a three years old baby)
12 pages (3000 words)
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... disorder: Symptoms, Treatment and Post Treatment Care: A case Study Introduction In the modern world, as the science is developing day by day there are various new innovations in the medical science to fight different critical disease. As the time moves on, medical science is now able to develop lots of advance mechanism to combat various diseases-starting from identifying disease, developing proper treatment process followed by the recovery and post treatment care. Bipolar disorder is one such kind of disease which for a long period of time consider as one such kind where medical science have to be more advanced to figure out the reason the treatment process as well as post treatment measurement to ...
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Corporate Governance & Ethics
Corporate Governance & Ethics
14 pages (3500 words)
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... Governance and Ethics: GSK Case Study Introduction GlaxoSmithKline is one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world, currently ranked at fourth in world based on market capitalization and the number of subsidiaries in the world following Pfizer, Novartis and Sarnoff multinationals. It produces a number of pharmaceutical products ranging from biologics, vaccines and drugs targeting neglected diseases in the sub-Saharan Africa. The multinational was formed following merger with other pharmaceutical and related companies like smith Kline Bicham, Glaxo welcome plc in the United Kingdom and smith Beckman Corporation all based in the United Kingdom. The drugs manufactured by the company targets ...
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Major Depression Research Paper
Major Depression Research Paper
5 pages (1250 words)
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... MAJOR DEPRESSION Major Depression Major depression is known to be one of the commonest mental illnesses prevalent in our society. In USA it is known as the fourth common cause leading to disability in the affected individual. Major Depression is not limited to any particular age group rather an individual can present with this psychological condition at any point of their life. Relapses or recurrences of this illness are also most likely. According to WHO, Major Depression is not only associated with increased risks for morbidity and mortality rates, it is also major cause of suicide cases in adults. Clinical psychologists find themselves treating major depression as a very common illness hence it...
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Legalization of Cannabis
Legalization of Cannabis
10 pages (2250 words) , Download 1
... of Cannabis The struggle for the legalization of cannabis has been led for decades now. The opponents of this decision have been arguing that marijuana is a toxic substance that changes the mode of human's psychic and influences the person's physical condition negatively, thus it has to stay prohibited, while those, who support marijuana legalization stated that cannabis can be used for recreational and medical purposes without the considerable harm to the humans' psychological and physical health. People have been using marijuana for thousands of years already as an antidepressant, a pain killer, a medicine against the nausea, and just for fun. Despite of the fact that cannabis was forbidden in...
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Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar Disorder
12 pages (3000 words)
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... Bipolar Disorder Table of Contents Bipolar Disorder 0 Introduction Bipolar disorder which is also known as manic depressive disorder is a mental state whereby people experience serious mood disorders. Consequently, this causes radical alterations of their moods, which vary from depressive lows to manic highs. Other common symptoms are irritability, mood swings, anger, suicidal thoughts and a sense of hopelessness (National Institute of Mental Health, 2012). Therefore, this discourse aims at discussing in length about the current mental health among the Americans, bipolar disorder, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, mitigation strategies and treatment. It also seeks to give a relevant case study, as well ...
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