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Depression
Depression
5 pages (1250 words)
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... [Teacher’s Depression Human emotions are one of the most misunderstood concepts in the medical world. Their etiology still remains abstract; hence, the majority of psychological disorders are yet to have a definite diagnosis or treatment plan. Psychologists and psychiatrists mainly rely on the information they have from the patient and his or her relatives which can be misleading and requires a high level of skill as compared to other physicians treating pathologies with known pathogenesis. An example of such a disorder is depression, which is one of the leading disorders in terms of pharmacological expenditure. In fact, by the year 2020, researchers believe it will be the leading disorder in terms...
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Diabetic patients with depression
Diabetic patients with depression
32 pages (8000 words)
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... Diabetes has become one of the most prevalent diseases in the world. Its impact has also been considered significant due to its impact on the quality of life of the diabetic patient. Depression is one of the psychological issues suffered by patients with diabetes, especially as they have difficulties in coping with the changes in the quality of their life, and have to bear the physical impact of the disease. Recent thinking suggests that underlying physiological complications associated with the diabetic condition may contribute to the development of depression. This paper shall seek to establish further the connection between depression and diabetes, detailing the physiological aspects as well as...
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Business ethics and social responsibility
Business ethics and social responsibility
8 pages (2000 words)
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... College Introduction Business ethics are professional ethics that are applied in a business environment. These ethics are used to guide the business stakeholders during the business activities. These ethics are used to examine the business moral behaviors of the business stakeholders in order to ensure that these individuals behave morally in their organizations (Smith, 2009). Business ethics have normative dimensions. This means that there are some norms in which these ethics must adhere to. Every organization has to follow some business conducts in order to create a friendly environment between the organization and its customers. This report will deal with the business ethics and social...
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Consumer medicine information ( CMI ) in pharmacy
Consumer medicine information ( CMI ) in pharmacy
5 pages (1250 words)
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... and Alternative Medicines Complementary medicine as defined by the National Institute Complementary Medicine (2009) is an “inclusive term which incorporates Complementary Medicines and Complementary Therapies”. It includes other names such as alternative medicine, natural medicine or traditional medicine and it is a field of practice which is concerned with maintaining the wellness of the person and treating his illness (National Institute of Complementary Medicine, 2009). Various countries have already adopted this practice in their region as in the case of China with its acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine. Complementary medicine also includes herbal medicines, traditional medicines,...
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Overmedicated Children in todays society
Overmedicated Children in todays society
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Children in Today's Society The problem of overmedicated children has become one of the most discussed problems in nowadays society, especially in USA. It aroused numerous discussions on this topic with common meaning and specialists' conclusions confronting each other. There are many various angles of visions on this topic that are observed, and some of them worth careful consideration. At the beginning it seems necessary to give a definition to a special category of medicines that are used for treatment of hyperactive children in today's USA medicine. These are the stimulants that influence central nervous system, treating the deficit of attention accompanied with hyperactivity (ADHD). The kids in...
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Bipolar I and Bipolar II: Comparison and Contrast
Bipolar I and Bipolar II: Comparison and Contrast
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Bipolar I and Bipolar II: A Comparison and Contrast Bipolar I and Bipolar II Statistics such as 5.7 million Americans, of which 82.9% are classified as having severe Bipolar Disorder (NIMH, 2009), make this disorder one of the most debilitating in the health care sector in the USA. Bipolar Disorder is a manic-depressive brain disorder causing unusual shifts in individuals’ moods, energy and activity levels and the overall ability to execute daily tasks. The symptoms of the disorder are markedly severe than the normal mood shifts experienced by other people. Bipolar disorder is responsible for numerous broken/damaged relationships, poor school and job performance and even suicide. Besides these,...
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Are Kids Over Medicated
Are Kids Over Medicated
3 pages (750 words)
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... Are Kids Over Medicated? The number of parents buying over the counter medication for kids has drasticallyincreased over the past years. Many parents find it cheaper to seek medical assistance over the counter rather than take their children to a physician for proper examination. This is a shortcut to deal with pain and suffering; however, this lack of diagnosis and testing leads to treatment of wrong diseases or unnecessary medication. Statistics conducted by National Center for Health and Statistics indicates that 7.5% of teenagers use medication to deal with emotional and behavioral difficulties (National Institue of Mental Health 3). Additionally, poor health choices lead to obesity, high blood...
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How effective is treating patients with medication to stop eating disorders
How effective is treating patients with medication to stop eating disorders
4 pages (1000 words)
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... How effective is Treating Patients with Medication to Stop Eating Disorder Effectiveness of treating patients with medication tostop eating disorders Eating disorders are illnesses which affect the eating behaviours of an individual. They also involve disturbances of a person’s thoughts and emotions. An individual suffering from this disease becomes obsessed with food which in turn makes them aware of their body weight. The American psychiatric association approximate that millions of people suffer from this disorder at any given time (2005). In this figure, the age group of women affected ranges from 12-35. The most known types of eating disorder are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. The binge...
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Counselling: Exploring Fear and Sadness
Counselling: Exploring Fear and Sadness
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1
... Introduction Mental disorders represent psychological conditions typified by significant disorganization of personality,emotions, and mind to severe damage of psychological and social functioning of the individual. Depression delineates presence of negative affect (low mood) and/or lack of positive affect (loss of interest and pleasure in undertaking most activities) and commonly linked to an array of emotional, cognitive, behavioural, and physical symptoms. Depression represents one of the prominent psychiatric disorders accompanied by an enormous burden with regard to treatment costs, impact on families and carers, and dip in productivity. The paper explores the topic of depression and anxiety...
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Ways of quitting smoking
Ways of quitting smoking
2 pages (500 words)
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... have always found New Years to be one of my favorite times of the holiday season. I especially get a chuckle at one of MANKINDS FAVORITE NEW YEAR REOLUTIONS, “This year I am going to finally quit smoking”. Yes sure, they might seem sincere heck even determined and motivated that night, especially after one too many margaritas. But we all know the sad and harsh truth, even with a high degree of motivation and will power; the chances of success are limited at best. According to the American Lung Association approximately 460,000 Americans die every year because of smoking related illnesses and cigarettes contain at least 43 cancer-causing chemicals in addition to the poisonous carbon monoxide that’s...
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The Patient is Ellen Water: Depressive Disorder
The Patient is Ellen Water: Depressive Disorder
2 pages (500 words)
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... Patient is Ellen Water: Depressive Disorder 1. Patient Description The patient is Ellen Water, a 37-year old woman.She is single and has never been married. She currently works as a home health aide but has spent much of her life at school. Miss Water has a master's degree in psychology and two more unfinished programs one, a Ph.D. in sociology, the other a training course in physical therapy. 2. Symptoms a. Water's physchoterapist referred her for medication consultation because she is suffering from depression and panic attacks. According to her record, she has been unhappy for most of her life, having attempted suicide when she was 14. There is no history of sexual abuse in her childhood or sex...
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Explain how an investor can set a stream of future payments from an investment equal to its present value. Give two reasons why an investor might be interested in the present value
Explain how an investor can set a stream of future payments from an investment equal to its present value. Give two reasons why an investor might be interested in the present value
6 pages (1500 words)
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... AND DEPRESSION al Affiliation: Depression and anxiety are recurring terms in the world over, as more and more people fall victim to the effects of stress and stressful environments. Most literature based on SM, holds information assessing the effectiveness of stress management techniques, but does not shed light on the different forms of stress management that exist and compare the effectiveness of these techniques. In America, 80% of all employees admit to feeling stressed at the work place, about 50% of them, admit to needing help to cope and manage that stress and stressful situations and 42% of employees agree that their co-workers desperately need help related to stress management (Global...
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Psilocybin mushrooms
Psilocybin mushrooms
3 pages (750 words) , Download 1
... -Psilocybin mushrooms [Pick the Psilocybin mushrooms or shrooms are magical hallucinogen- containing fungi that are believed to improve psychological health long term. These psychedelic mushrooms contain psychedelic drugs psilocybin and psilocin. Common genera include Copelandia, Galerina, Gymnopilus, Inocybe,Mycena, Panaeolus, Pholiotina, Pluteus and Psilocybe. Psilocybe cubensis is the most common specie in tropical regions and in the black market as well. The effects of “magic mushrooms” come from psilocybin and psilocin. The functional unit being psilocin is said to be responsible for the psychedelic effects. Psilocybin and psilocin create short term increases in the tolerance of users. Moreo...
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Management of depression for David
Management of depression for David
7 pages (1750 words)
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... User perspective module assessment is an appraisal of the problem under discussion i.e. management of depression for 'David' so as to come up with opinions, suggestions and conclusions that will provide remedial measures to the problems encountered by David. The main intention for this assessment module is to stabilize the psychological state of David and help him cope with depression as he tries to get rid of it. This will greatly facilitate his recuperation initiatives and at the same time it will also help him to understand the challenges of parenting alone, educate him on the importance of flexibility of a parent when taking the necessary tasks of parenting in the absence of the former parent, t...
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Depression in adolescents
Depression in adolescents
8 pages (2000 words) , Download 1
... the Causes and Treatments of the Tragedy Teen depression is a very common ailment among young people, affecting about in 8 among this age group according to current estimates. (www.nih.gov) This analysis will consider the causes of teenage depression, together with the manner in which it is expressed within an individual, through the lens of examining the difference between depression in teens and at a later age. This paper will argue that while the symptoms of teen depression often resemble those of adult depression, the causes and thus the treatment may need to be different. Why is it important to examine depression For many centuries (and still in much of the world) mental diseases were a sign of...
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Forest Labs Case
Forest Labs Case
3 pages (750 words)
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... Was the Government wrong against Howard Solomon Forest Labs? Howard Solomon is the head of Forest Labs which is a growing pharmaceutical company in the United States. He has been the CEO of this company since 1977, and the proxy statement of the company in 2010 says that “he possesses detailed and in-depth knowledge of the issues, opportunities and challenges facing the company” (Henning). Howard's son Andrew Solomon was a victim of acute depression at the age of 31. This motivated Solomon to introduce new antidepressants into the United States. The antidepressant Celexa caused Forest-Labs to become a very fast growing company in the United States. The new profits earned through the sales of Celexa...
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Suppliments and Herbs
Suppliments and Herbs
3 pages (750 words)
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... and Herbs Supplements and Herbs Ginkgo biloba There are many pieces of research reviewing the ability of Ginkgo Biloba in preventing and treating cancer. Other studies fail to find a correlation between reduction cancer risk and use of ginkgo (Biggs, Sorkin, Nahin, Kuller & Fitzpatrick, 2010). The area of concern in the studies is the extract from the plant leaves that may be having the elements to fight cancer. The herb is rich in antioxidant including terpenoids and flavonoids that support its use in the treatment of cancer. These antioxidants act on the radicals that cause cancer through damaging cell DNA. Furthermore, the plant has both antifungal and antibacterial effects that improve its...
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Medications for treatment of obesity
Medications for treatment of obesity
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 1
... for treatment of obesity Obesity is a pathological condition which has now become a matter of global concern. It is a disease associatedwith the excessive accumulation of fats in the body of individual. Obesity is a condition which can be the base for many degenerative diseases affecting major bodily systems and an interesting aspect is that it can also affect the psychological condition of a person (Standford Hospital and Clinics 2010). Obesity has now become a worldwide issue due to its increasing rise and the risks that it poses. It is a very common condition in the Unites States with two third of the population of United States suffering either from obesity or increased weight and approximately...
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The Effects of Post-Natal Depression on Mother/Child Attachment
The Effects of Post-Natal Depression on Mother/Child Attachment
40 pages (10000 words)
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... The Effects of Post-Natal Depression on Mother/Child Attachment Contents Part I: The Research Proposal Abstract-----2 Aims and objectives of the study-----3 Background and rationale-----3 Hypothesis-----5 Inspiration from reflection-----5 Materials and methods-----6 Setting-----6 Participants-----7 Inclusion criteria-----7 Exclusion criteria------7 Training of the health visitor/social worker/social care worker-----7 EPNDS-----8 Outcomes that will be measured-----11 Avoidance of bias-----11 Source of bias-----12 Statistical analysis-----12 Legal and ethical considerations and consent-----13 Implications for practice-----14 Part -II: Literature Review Int...
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Effects of Drugs Used by Parents on Infants or New Born Babies
Effects of Drugs Used by Parents on Infants or New Born Babies
6 pages (1500 words)
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... Effects of drugs used by parents on infants or new born babies Effects of drugs used by parents on infants or new born babies Drug abuse is one of the major social problems in all parts of the world, especially in western countries. It has lot of moral, social and ethical dimensions. Many people have the false belief that drug abuse is a personal matter and the society has nothing to do with it. In their opinion, only the abuser will be suffered the consequences of his activities and society need not interfere in it. In fact the major sufferers of one’s drug abuse would be the society and the family members. It should be noted that a drug abuser is staying in a society and his activities may have...
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Zoloft by Pfizer
Zoloft by Pfizer
2 pages (500 words)
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... (setraline hydrochloride) Produced by Pfizer, Zoloft is the brand of setraline hydrochloride. The generic is simply Setraline. The indications for Zoloft include depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and postmenstrual dysphoric disorder. It has been used extensively for major depressive episodes by millions of people over the course of the last 15 years. Setraline belongs to the class of anti-depressants known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (see Pfizer). The ultimate function of these drugs is to increase the levels of serotonin in the central nervous system and treat the underlying cause of depression in many individuals. An interesting a...
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Sleep Disorder
Sleep Disorder
3 pages (750 words)
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... Disorders Getting a good nights sleep is essential for good health, feeling refreshed and for being alert all through the day. Unfortunately, not everyone is able to get the restorative sleep they need. Sleep patterns change as we age, but disturbed sleep and waking up tired every day is not part of normal aging. Many older people do not enjoy a good nights sleep on a regular basis (National Institute on Aging, 2000). Some of the common sleep disorders include Sleep Apnea, Insomnia, Narcolepsy, Sleepwalking (Somnambulism), and Restless legs syndrome (RLS). The treatment of these disorders varies from medication to even surgery. Sleep Apnea is a disorder of breathing during sleep. In general it is a...
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Substance Abuse Related Disorders
Substance Abuse Related Disorders
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Substance Abuse Related Disorders Substance Abuse Related Disorders Substance abuse related disorders refer to those disorders thatare caused by the abuse of drugs like cocaine, opiates, alcohol, heroin and other drugs which are excessively used by people. These drugs affect the behavior, emotions and normal thought process of people. The initial effects of these drugs used by people are soothing and calming, which are the main attraction for the abusers, however, consequently they lead to substance-related disorders (Duran & Barlow 2010). DSM-1V-TR describes the criteria for substance abuse which includes, failure to follow daily responsibilities, repeated excessive use, encounter with legal issues ...
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Psychology
Psychology
8 pages (2000 words) , Download 1
... A American Psychiatric Association has, in the year 2000, published the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). The DSM-IV-TR, the latest version of DSM available in 2010 sites around seven measures to determine Substance Dependence in people. In the event of meeting three or more of the given criteria a year, could be defined as Substance Dependence (Walton and Milton 2010). The manual specifies that substance is used for a longer period than indented duration in an ever increasing quantity could be termed as a sign of Substance Dependence. Such disorder might drive the person to spend a great deal of time in trying to acquire and use the substance. While they persistently wish ...
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Exploring the Brain Responses
Exploring the Brain Responses
11 pages (2750 words)
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... the Brain Responses Aim The aim of these two experimental studies is to show that the brain responds differently to a treatment of the conditions set. Introduction This is a cellular biology study of the brain through some experiments. The experiment carried out will show how our behavior and the environment affect our brain. The two experiments are done on the human and rat using an inducement of rTMS and stimulants respectively. The experimental study has the hypothesis of the inducement of either the rTMS or the stimulants triggering the dopamine production. In the two experiments, the brain is induced with rTMS for patients with depression and stimulants for the c-Fos experiment, which u...
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Teen social issues
Teen social issues
11 pages (2750 words)
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... Teen Social Issues From age 13 to 18 people go through a very important stage of their lives, the transitional period from childhood to adulthood, when they look for their identity, the goal and meaning of their lives, learn to cope with authority, clarify their sexual roles, and most of – search for their place in this world. It is not, therefore, surprising that there are many issues that teens face that are troubling for the adults and for the teens themselves. Among them are drug and alcohol abuse, sex and pregnancy, bullying, depression and suicide, eating disorders, etc. Drug abuse There are few factors that may influence teenagers to try drugs. They are, first of all, peer pressure, then –...
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Essay on The safety and value of pharmacy-based supplements
Essay on The safety and value of pharmacy-based supplements
4 pages (1000 words)
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... St. Johns Wort: The Pharmacological Value Overview Herbal medications existed and had been utilized long before synthetic drugs are formulated and distributed in the public. One of the widely used herbals nowadays is the St. John’s wort (SJW); this is scientifically referred to as Hypericum perforatum L., and had been commonly employed as traditional cure for a variety of conditions, ranging from “excitability, neuralgia, fibrositis, sciatica...(including) treatment of wounds.”1 Produced either naturally or extensively processed for drug extraction, the clinical mechanism of this type of herb manifests similar drug actions. As extracted through hydroalcoholic chemical agents, such process emits...
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Sex Insomnia Research Paper
Sex Insomnia Research Paper
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Sex Insomnia During the early stages of marriage, couples indulge in sexual activities countless times. This may seem normal. It may sometimes involve midnight escapades when both are half-asleep making it even more pleasurably (Culebras, 2010). Imagine waking up in the morning, with one of the spouse having no memory recollection of what happened the previous night. We are familiar with a number of sleeping disorders such as somnambulism (sleep-walking), sleep-talking or even driving while sleeping. Sexsomnia is a NREM (non- rapid eye movement) disorder caused by confusional arousal results to sexual activities. In simple terms, sleep sex occurs when the mind is inactive, but the body is active....
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Bipolar disorder
Bipolar disorder
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Disorder Bipolar disorder, which is sometimes called manic-depressive illness, refers to a disorder of the brain that result into unusual changes in energy, mood as well as activity levels of individuals. It also interferes with the capacity of individuals to conduct their daily tasks. This disorder has very harsh symptoms that may damage relationships. Besides, it can also bring about poor performance in school, as well as poor job performance. In very acute situations, bipolar disorder can make an individual to commit suicide. There are treatment options are available and through undergoing these treatments, individuals having the illness may lead productive and full lives. Bipolar disorder falls...
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Fibromyalgia
Fibromyalgia
3 pages (750 words)
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... Fibromyalgia (FM or FMS) is a common and chronic disorder characterized by widespread pain, diffuse tenderness, and a number of other symptoms. The word "fibromyalgia" comes from the Latin term for fibrous tissue (fibro) and the Greek ones for muscle (myo) and pain (algia). Fibromyalgia is a very common condition, found in atleast 2-5% of the population and is considered the second most common disorder seen in American Rheumatic practices. However its exact cause is yet to be determined (Goldenberg 3). There is evidence that genes play an important role in Fibromyalgia. It was observed there is high aggregation of Fibromyalgia in families of Fibromyalgia patients. The mode of inheritance followed i...
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Cannabis
Cannabis
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Cannabis June 23, Introduction Drugs are part of the society we live in and particularly so are illegal drugs; and these drugs have a role in the creation of social policy. The aim of this paper is to discuss the impact of cannabis on social policy, as well as its history, effects, prevalence of usage and treatment options. History of cannabis Cannabis is a drug known for its illegal use and its medical uses and it has been in existence for a long period. It goes my many names depending on the people involved and their locations and the language known to them. For example, cannabis is also known by common names such as cannabis Sativa, weed, grass, ganja, pot, aunt mary, boom, mary jane, hash, herb...
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Dysthymic Mood Disorder
Dysthymic Mood Disorder
6 pages (1500 words)
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... Mood Disorders: Dysthymic Mood Disorder First of school A Mood disorder such as dysthymia disorder which is also known as persistent depressive disorder is a mood disorder that is a long term chronic depression, which hinders an individual from functioning properly and enjoying life. However, there are diagnosis, treatments and other factors that are involved in recovery that will be discussed in this paper when examining dysthymia disorder. Keywords: mood, disorder, dysthymia, persistent, depressive, depression, chronic. Mood Disorders: Dysthymic Mood Disorder Introduction Mood disorderalso known as affective disorders is referred to as a group or category of diagnoses of mental health problems in...
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Evaluate the Claim that Mental Illnesses Are Socially Constructed
Evaluate the Claim that Mental Illnesses Are Socially Constructed
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Evaluate the Claim that Mental Illnesses are Socially Constructed, Highlighting the Role Played by the Medical Profession and/or Large Multi-national Pharmaceutical Companies Introduction Mental illnesses refer to medical conditions that disrupt an individual’s thinking, behave, feelings, mood, daily functioning, and interact with others. Mental illnesses affect the ability of individuals to cope with the usual demands of life. Mental health problems are widespread and encompass mental ill health that can be experienced momentarily owing to the stresses of life. Mental illnesses are of diverse types and degrees of severity. Some of the key mental illnesses include eating disorders, schizophrenia,...
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Personal experience with mentally ill patients
Personal experience with mentally ill patients
10 pages (2500 words)
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... Experience in Psychology Introduction This report will focus on describing my personal experience with mentally ill patients during my placement in clinical psychology at Arbours Association last ____ (insert date). In the process of discussing my personal experience with several patients, this report will focus on integrating my clinical experience with psychological research and other related theories. Personal Experience in Undergoing Placement in Clinical Psychology at Arbours Association Working with several mentally-ill patients in the clinical psychology has been a great experience for me. First of all, the clinical exposure made me able to gain better insight and understanding as to what pe...
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An Analysis of Psychological Disorders. Anxiety and Drug Abuse
An Analysis of Psychological Disorders. Anxiety and Drug Abuse
10 pages (2500 words)
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... Disorders Part A. Schizophrenia Schizophrenia can be defined as a severe, lifelong mental/brain disorder characterized by poor emotional responsiveness and a breakdown of thought processes. Although the major effect of the disorder is cognition, it also contributes to chronic behavioral and emotional problems. Generally, the condition makes it hard for the affected people to think logically, tell the difference between unreal and real experiences, have normal emotional responses and behave normally socially. The thought problems associated with this mental disorder are described as psychosis because there are times in which the individual’s thinking is completely out of touch with/disconnected from...
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Comparison and Contrast of the Biological and Cognitive Approaches to Mental Disorders
Comparison and Contrast of the Biological and Cognitive Approaches to Mental Disorders
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 2
... Comparison and contrast of the biological and cognitive behavioral approaches to mental disorders al affiliation The realms of cognitive psychology ponder on the notion of exploration and recognition of the internal processes of the human mind. The word cognition connotes ‘knowing’ and the psychologists stress on the knowledge archetype with the inculcation of information exchange within the human mind (which the behaviorists generally call stimuli), including perception, attention, language, memory and thinking and consequently residing on this treatment base structure, analyses the treatment ramifications. Cognitive psychology became one of the influential courses of study in the mid 1950s and...
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The adverse medical, social, and spiritual consequences of marijuana and opiod addictions on the indiviual nd society
The adverse medical, social, and spiritual consequences of marijuana and opiod addictions on the indiviual nd society
5 pages (1250 words)
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... adverse medical, social, and spiritual consequences of marijuana and opiod addiction on the individual and society al Affiliation Contents Introduction………………………………………………………………………………….3 Subjective effects of Marijuana Abuse..…..…………………………………………………4 Adverse Effects of Marijuana & Opiod Abuse……………………………………………...4 Adverse effects of short term use……………………………………………………………5 Consequences of Chronic Marijuana Abuse…………………………………………………6 Consequences of Chronic Opiod Abuse……… ...…………………………………………...6 References…………………………………………………………………………………...7 The adverse medical, social, and spiritual consequences of marijuana and opiod addiction on the individual and society Introduction Marijuana use was first recorded in C...
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Service change
Service change
4 pages (1000 words)
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... D. Sloan Service Change This is a proposal that addresses the distribution errors associated with medication distribution and conclude with asolution. Currently the responsibility of distributing medications to patients resides with trained medical professionals, which normally have contact with patients during two different phases of health care. The nurse, who is responsible for medication distribution while they are in the hospital has been identified as the source of significant errors when dealing with the responsibility of distributing medication. Nurses play a significant role in the life cycle of a medication. The effectiveness of the medication, the dosage of the medication, and whether or...
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Pharmacology course work
Pharmacology course work
1 pages (250 words)
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... two types of neuroglial cells. Astrocytes and Oligodendrocytes 4 marks 2. two neurotransmitters which are amino acids, and two which are monoamines. Amino acids: (i) Glutamate (ii) Aspartate Monoamines: (i) Dopamine (ii) Adrenaline 8 marks 2. What is an inverse agonist? Inverse agonists are ligands that like agonists bind to the same active receptors but produce an opposite effect to that of an agonist by stabilize the receptors thereby reducing their activity. 4 marks 4. Which statement is not correct? a) Benzodiazepines potentiate the action of GABA on GABAA receptors. b) Valium sensitises the GABAA receptor to GABA. c) Benzodiazepines cannot activate GABAA...
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The Houpu Herbal
The Houpu Herbal
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Chinese Medicine - The Houpu Herbal Two parts of the magnolia tree has been used for centuries in traditional Chinese medicine. These arethe bark, called houpu in Chinese, and the flower buds, called xinyi or xinyihua (CMN, 2007). Several species of magnolia are used as sources and they tend to vary according to the Chinese region from which the medicinal parts originate. The primary source of the bark houpu is Magnolia officinalis while Magnolia lactiflora usually provides the flower buds (Dharmananda, Undated). The flower buds are used exclusively to relieve sinus congestion and headaches and are either taken orally or applied topically by inhalation of the essential oils or placing the ground...
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Evidence 2
Evidence 2
14 pages (3500 words)
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... Practice Before internet entered millions of lives, the role of physicians, nurses and other medical personnel were simply to providepatients instructions and care on disease management (Aujoulat, d’Hoore, & Deccache, 2007). They are considered medical experts and their decisions for patients usually remain unquestioned, giving them an active role in either improving or maintaining the health of their clients. Patients have a more passive role in this relationship, mostly listening and practising health instructions or drinking any prescriptions given by their doctors, trusting their medical knowledge fully (Epstein & Street, 2011). Until the early 90’s, patients mostly ask medical personnel health...
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Use of Essential Oils to Quit Smoking
Use of Essential Oils to Quit Smoking
3 pages (750 words)
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... Use of Essential Oils to Quit Smoking Introduction The smoking-culture withdrawal encounters difficulties due to the addictive property which proceeds as a side effect after the smoking. Aromatherapy in this sense is a vital point of the program of smoking cessation. In turn, the program has undergone tremendous withdrawal symptoms such as cigarette cravings, depression and anxiety. The nicotine elements in the cigarettes and other smoking devices have contributed to the addiction. Rehabilitation centers and drugs established have aided in the quitting process, but the aftermath has not been convincing. Hence, essential oils from herbal extracts are considered to be used to address this problem, and ...
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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
2 pages (500 words) , Download 2
... Behavioral Therapy Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) incorporate behavioral techniques, such as cautious exposure, with cognitive techniques that concentrate on aiding patients recognize and correct faulty beliefs and way of thinking (Nevid, 2012). Therapist majorly focuses on helping patient change how they think. This method utilizes view that distorted or unsound ways of thinking underlie emotional problems besides self-defeating behavior. In addition this theory argue that emotional problems are not caused by negative events or life experiences but, preferably, by ways in which people interpret their experiences. Carlstedt (2010) cites CBT focus on changes on people’s cognitions, how cognitiv...
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Obsessive compulsive disorder
Obsessive compulsive disorder
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Running Head: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Hugo Jn. Fontalvo Teacher: Ana Ciereszko 276909_OCD.doc 2 Abstract Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is a type of anxiety disorders that causes people to engage in repetitive compulsive behaviors. These compulsive behaviors interfere with the person’s daily life. The actual cause is not known for sure but there are several factors that have been suggested including genetics and a chemical imbalance in the brain. Like many other mental illnesses treatment includes drug therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy or a combination of both. Alternative h...
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Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1
... serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) Introduction: In the contemporary age, a lot of people are falling prey to depression and anxiety. The mechanical life has immersed man into work and the time for enjoyment and merry-making has almost become non-existent. Even if there is some, tensions are ready to take hold of an individual’s mind from all sides. There is tension of work, relationships, disease and the list goes on. Anxiety, depression, and mental illnesses are quite common among the Americans. A vast majority of the conditions of distress can be improved with the help of SSRIs. According to WebMD (2011), SSRIs is prescribed to cure almost any kind of mental illness in America. Some of the...
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Bipolar disorder
Bipolar disorder
3 pages (750 words) , Download 1
... disorder Introduction Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that is associated with depression and unusual excitement, elements that may occur separately or simultaneously. This paper discusses the disorder to explore its extent and nature, diagnosis, treatment, how its diagnosis is distinct from those of other disorders in the same category and cultural consequences of the disorder. Knowing that we are not mentally disordered Mental disorders manifests in people’s behavior and have specific symptoms. The signs are however numerous and diversified from one type of disorder to another and their total absence indicates that a person is not mentally disordered. We can therefore know of our safety from...
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Hong Kong Consumers (Aged 20-40) response to Traditional Chinese herbal medicine and their influence on advertising
Hong Kong Consumers' (Aged 20-40) response to Traditional Chinese herbal medicine and their influence on advertising
58 pages (14500 words)
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... The research aimed to assess the attitude of the young adults in Hong Kong regarding the Chinese Herbal Medicines (CHM) and to evaluate thereasons behind the shift in attitude. Further the research hypothesised that young adults prefer advertisements that provide a loss or fear orientation, and that ad likeability is directly related to positive emotional response from the viewers. The research also hypothesised that ad likeability and positive perception about the effectiveness of the product, and ad likeability and purchase behaviour are correlated. Further, it was postulated that there is a hierarchy of factors that consumers employ to judge a CHM. The research was conducted using quantitative...
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Administer & Monitor Medications in Work Environment
Administer & Monitor Medications in Work Environment
8 pages (2000 words)
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... Nursing Definition of Terms Pharmacokinetics Pharmacokinetics refers to the study of drug absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion. Its key principle is the drug clearance which is the elimination of drugs from the body, analogous to the principle of creatinine clearance (Crisp & Taylor, 2009). Pharmacodynamics Pharmacodynamics is the study of the effects of a particular drug into the body. It entails both study of physiological effects of drugs as well as the mechanisms of such action incorporating the correlation between the actions and effects within their chemical structures. Pharmacotherapeutics Pharmacotherapeutics is the study of the uses therapeutics as well as the effects of drug...
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Psycho-pharmacology review
Psycho-pharmacology review
2 pages (500 words)
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... 25 April Following is the review of five psychoactive drugs that are being prescribed currently: 1. Zoloft: The generic name of this drug is Sertraline hydrochloride which is an antidepressant of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) class. This drug is primarily used to treat major depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, post traumatic stress disorder, premenstrual dysphoric disorder and social anxiety disorders in both adults and children. The side effects of this drug include nausea, diarrhea, insomnia and sexual side effects. When taken by pregnant women, the drug is known to cause various birth defects. Studies reveal that sertraline is very effective in the...
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Depression
Depression
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... Depression Depression Depression is a psychological which not only presents pathological sadness but is also accompanied with the inability to feel any sort of emotion be it bad or good (Beck & Alford, 2009). The disease is not only restricted to the mind but also has effects on the body. The definition of depression has defined differently in different cultures and has been accompanied extreme pain and headaches. The etiological factors of the disease are not well defined, however, there have been some researches linking depression to genetic and epigenetic factors (Beck & Alford, 2009). According to surveys carried out in the United States, approximately 20% of the population has suffered or is...
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