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Personal Belief on Depression and Counseling
Personal Belief on Depression and Counseling
8 pages (2000 words)
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... Depression is one of the leading mental health disorders affecting over 121 million people globally (WHO . The disorder exhibits unique clinical, physical and behavioral symptoms in different individuals, which mental health specialists apply to treat and manage the condition. Depression is a curable disorder that is easily diagnosed in primary care setting (WHO, 2011). However, diverse individuals, and communities have different understanding of depression leading to misconceptions about the disorder. These misconceptions are founded on lack of knowledge, myths, beliefs and other factors that impede diagnosis, treatment and management of people suffering from the condition. This paper is a...
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Drug and Alcohol Abuse in Teenagers
Drug and Alcohol Abuse in Teenagers
14 pages (3500 words)
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... is the relationship between eating disorders, cutting behaviour and alcohol and drug abuse in teenagers in Australia Introduction Cutting behaviour is self-mutilating, and this is a type of self-harm behaviour. This is known to occur among a subgroup of individuals with eating disorders. From a clinical perspective, SHB among those with eating disorders has been associated with early histories of abuse, dissociation, multi-impulsivity, personality disorder, and borderline personality disorders (Sansone & Levitt, 2002). In the eating disorder literature, there are several available studies examining the prevalence of self-harm behaviour among those with eating disorders. In contrast, in the...
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COMMUNITY PLACEMENT (Describe the chosen individuals background and history to date)
COMMUNITY PLACEMENT (Describe the chosen individuals background and history to date)
12 pages (3000 words) , Download 1
... PLACEMENT Community Placement This essay will evaluate the nursing practice and the improvements implemented to the patient’s situation while establishing a therapeutic consideration to a client being cared for by the Assertive Outreach Team where I’m undertaking my semester 5 placement. In this critique, my client will be confidentially referred to as Ms. B. Her identity will be protected in accordance with the code of professional conduct as specified by the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC, 2008) which basically requires health professionals to respect the confidentiality of patients and prevent patient information from being improperly disclosed to other people. I would be establishing Ms. B’s ...
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Major Depression Disorder
Major Depression Disorder
12 pages (3000 words)
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... Depression Disorder Case Study Mrs. X was not a voluntary patient; she was brought to the hospital at the insistence of social worker from the department of health after she tried to poison herself by swallowing over 15 tablets in an unmarked bottle thinking they were valium. Fortunately it turned out they were just her husband’s calcium supplement and although her stomach was pumped it turned out her life had not actually been at risk. She was diagnosed with severe major depressive disorder; when she was admitted she refused therapy and insisted that she would not talk to any “shrinks”. She demanded to be allowed to go home since she was not sick and wanted to be let alone. Mrs. X was first...
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Mental Disorder and Medical Disorder
Mental Disorder and Medical Disorder
8 pages (2000 words)
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... Comparison of Collaborative Care for a Patient With a Mental Health Disorder versus a Patient With a Medical Disorder in the Acute Care Setting Student’s Name Professor’s Name Nursing Essay April 8, 2015 Introduction Healthcare professionals are charged with promoting the health of patients, which may involve the management of mental or medical disorders. In certain instances, it may be necessary to provide both aspects of care to patients. This paper looks at the similarities and differences between the collaborative care for a patient with a mental health disorder versus a patient with a medical disorder in the acute care setting. The medical disorder selected is bipolar disorder while the medical ...
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Borderline Personality Disorder: Theory and Practice
Borderline Personality Disorder: Theory and Practice
6 pages (1500 words)
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... Personality Disorder Borderline personality disorder (BPD) has been one of the most important personality disorders defined in DSM-IV and it refers to a protracted disorder of personality function in a human being, usually a person over the age of eighteen years. Significantly, a person with BPD typically exhibits abnormal levels of instability in mood, because this disorder is noted for depth and inconsistency of moods. According to DSM-IV criteria for borderline personality disorder, it is a "pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self image, affects, and control over impulses beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts" (Diagnosis and Statistical...
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Comorbidity: Substance Use Disorders and Mental Illness
Comorbidity: Substance Use Disorders and Mental Illness
15 pages (3750 words) , Download 1
... Substance Use Disorders and Mental Illness This is a research paper discussing the comorbidity aspects of substance abuse and accompanying mental illness. Reverse case also is true. The paper has discussed the various obstacles in isolating mental illness from drug abuse and vice versa and the problems concerned with dual diagnosis. However, the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) suggests that the both the conditions should be ideally treated concurrently in spite of practical difficulties in the comprehensive treatment of Comorbidity. Various studies also indicate concurrent treatment of both the disorders. Introduction Comorbidity is characterized by the presence of concurrent illnesses in...
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Major Depressive Disorder
Major Depressive Disorder
6 pages (1500 words)
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... case study on major depressive disorder scenario Isabel templar Introduction: This case study concerns Isabel, a 28-year-old mother of two, who was hospitalised with depression when her second child was six months old. He is now two and severe symptoms have returned, necessitating further hospital treatment. Her history and symptoms indicate a wide range of treatments and the need for support from all relevant agencies. As her nurse, my role is to establish a therapeutic relationship that will enable treatments to assist, and support her to achieve well-being. Diagnosis and epidemiology: The patient presented with a sustained sad mood and tearfulness, loss of interest (anhedonia), energy, appetite...
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Outcome studies of a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Intervention
Outcome studies of a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Intervention
7 pages (1750 words) , Download 1
... Studies of A Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Intervention in Generalized Anxiety Disorder Everybody experiences anxiety in everyday life, and the level of anxiety and manifestations vary from one person to another. While mild level of anxiety may positively affect the person in terms of motivation and increased learning process, in severe case however, it may be detrimental to one’s health. When anxiety becomes persistent, excessive, and out of control, where the person already experiences unrealistic worrying about everyday things, it is more likely associated with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). According to Anxiety Disorders Association of America (2011a), GAD affects 6.8 million adults, or 3.1% ...
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Critique of one journal article/professional article of a topic related to pscyhopharmacolgy and its use for treating depression
Critique of one journal article/professional article of a topic related to pscyhopharmacolgy and its use for treating depression
2 pages (500 words)
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... Tablets or Talk? A Critical Review of the Literature Comparing Antidepressants and Counseling for Treatment of Depression. by Brad Hagen , Gina Wong-Wylie , Em Pijl-Zieber Antidepressants are generally considered to be the standard treatment. for depression, despite a large body of research evidence documenting the equal or superior efficacy of counseling. This article provides a critical review of the literature comparing the efficacy antidepressants and counseling for adults with depression. Highlighted are several issues that must be considered when reviewing the literature, including methodological problems, the placebo effect, trauma and depression, comparative safety profiles, and the...
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Course, Cause and Treatment of Bi-Polar disorder
Course, Cause and Treatment of Bi-Polar disorder
10 pages (2500 words)
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... Running Head: Cause and Treatment of Bi-Polar disorder Cause and Treatment of Bi-Polar disorder s [Course name] [Date] Course, Cause and Treatment of Bi-Polar disorder Bi-Polar disorder or Bi-Polar affective disorder is classified as a mood disorder in DSM-ID TR and was previously known as Manic-depressive disorder. It is a psychiatric condition whereby, the mood of the individual follows an episodic pattern. Hence, due to the contrasting episodes of mood experienced by the individual the disorder became known as Bi-polar disorder; as the mood fluctuated between mania and depression that high and low points of mood. Before delving in greater detail regarding the disorder the substance of this prose ...
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Depression as a mental health condition
Depression as a mental health condition
12 pages (3000 words)
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... disorders are caused by a myriad of reasons; some that can be avoided while others cannot be controlled in any way. As a result, people get affected by these conditions, which influence the mental well-being and mental capabilities of the people suffering from this condition. Some of the reasons that the disorders occur is substance use and in particular drug abuse among people with mental disorders prior to the manifestation of the condition. Such drugs include alcohol, cigarettes, cannabis, cocaine, and other hard drugs that have a psychotropic effect on the brain. Effects are in the form of creating mental illusions of feelings, emotions and various perceptions. Other causes of depression are...
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How effective is cognitive behaviour therapy compare to other psychological therapies and pharmacological options in treatment o
How effective is cognitive behaviour therapy compare to other psychological therapies and pharmacological options in treatment o
10 pages (2500 words) , Download 1
... HOW EFFECTIVE IS COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY COMPARED TO OTHER PSYCHOLOGICAL THERAPIES AND PHARMACOLOGICAL OPTIONS IN TREATMENT OF POSTNATAL DEPRESSION by [Author’s Name] 06 December 2011 How Effective Is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Compared to Other Psychological Therapies and Pharmacological Options in Treatment of Postnatal Depression Introduction Postnatal (post-partum) depression remains a popular object of medical and psychological research. Thousands of women all over the world report “a loss of self” following the birth of their children. Almost every tenth delivery ends up in postnatal depression (O’Hara & Swain 1996). Although most cases terminate spontaneously in 4-6 months following...
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Research Paper
Research Paper
7 pages (1750 words)
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... Drug Addiction Katherine Mooney Liberty Drug addiction engages instinctively seeking to employ a substance, despite of the latent negative physical, social and psychological consequences. It may be categorized as a chronic relapsing illness. Drugs that may result in addiction in its users include marijuana, heroin etc. The treatment involves customized dealing with individual patient so that he/ she may learn to control themselves and may initiate a normal life again. This study aims to explore the effects caused by various drugs on the mind, personality and behavior of the drug abusers and the various treatments suggested in the literature. It will help in the employment of most effective...
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The Pathophysiological Treatments of Alzheimers Disease
The Pathophysiological Treatments of Alzheimer's Disease
8 pages (2000 words)
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... Pathophysiological Treatments of Alzheimer's Disease Abstract Even in modern times, the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is dependent upon the symptomatic effects of cholinesterase inhibitors as well as the use of the NMDA-receptor antagonists. Researchers have sought to examine new methods that will modify the disease and inhibit some of the core symptoms and enzymes in action amongst AD patients. Some of the present drugs are either undergoing stage two or three trials, showing the level of motivation as researchers work on ways of inhibiting amyloid beta proteins that seemingly play a huge role in the progression of dementia. Tau treatment has featured greatly as a means of treating the disea...
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Mental Health Problems During Pregnancy
Mental Health Problems During Pregnancy
16 pages (4000 words)
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... Health Problems During Pregnancy "At the beginning of the twenty-first century, your chances of a healthy life still depended on what job you do, where you live, and how much your parents earn. That is unfair and unjust. That is why this Government is committed to narrowing the health inequalities that scar our nation and to improving health for all" (London HMSO) Yvette Cooper-Minister for Public Health and Professor Liam Donaldson-Chief Medical Officer stated this in a recent Department of Health publication ('From Vision to Reality', 2001). Her statement holds true to various groups of individuals in all kinds of society - even to the case of pregnancy. Pregnancy was once considered as a disease ...
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The most effective way of treating depression is through regular exercise discuss
The most effective way of treating depression is through regular exercise discuss
15 pages (3750 words)
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... The most effective way of treating depression is through regular exercise. Discuss. Introduction Over the years, depression has been one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality all over the world. The common ways of treating depression include psychotherapy, as well as the use of antidepressants. However, some people may prefer to engage in physical exercise in order to deal with depression. Exercise may help in reducing depression in a number of ways. A combination of exercise and other methods used to treat depression can be particularly effective in dealing with the issue of depression. This paper will discuss why exercise can be regarded as an effective of treating depression. The paper...
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An Action Plan: Understanding and Implementing Person Centered Dementia care and practice
An Action Plan: Understanding and Implementing Person Centered Dementia care and practice
12 pages (3000 words)
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... Dementia Management; An Action Plan Outline 0 Overview……………………………………………………………………………………...3 2.0 Introduction…………………………………………………………………………………...4 3.0 Forms of Dementia…………………………………………………………………………....4 4.0 Management of Dementia…………………………………………………………………….6 4.1 Pharmacologic Measures……………………………………………………………...7 4.2 Non Pharmacologic Agents…………………………………………………………...8 5.0 Action Plan………………………………………………………………………………...…11 5.1 The Multidisciplinary Team………………………………………………………....11 5.2 Care Programme Approach………………………………………………………….13 5.3 Problem Oriented Approach…………………………………………………………13 5.4 Conclusion………………………………………………………………………...…14 6.0 References…………………………………………………………………………………....15 Overview The practice of...
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Management of tricyclic antidepressant overdose
Management of tricyclic antidepressant overdose
2 pages (500 words)
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... and treatment for tricyclic antidepressant overdose Tricyclic antidepressants were a chance discovery during the search for antihistamines, sedatives and antipsychotics during the late 1940s by Häfliger and Schindler (Goodman and Gilman’s, The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, Eighth Edition, pg 405) and Imipramine was the first drug discovered in this class with remarkable anti depressant actions. This followed further research in the molecule which had three cyclic rings (hence the name) and a number of congeners namely Amitriptylene, Trimipramine, Doxepin, Desipramine, Nortriptylene, Protriptylene, Amoxapine and Maprotiline were developed. The major use of the drugs belonging to this class ha...
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Zoloft: A Depressive Antidepressant
Zoloft: A Depressive Antidepressant
3 pages (750 words)
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... A Depressive Antidepressant? of Drug Generic sertraline, or commonly known in its brand Zoloft, belongs to a type of drugscalled selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). It is supposed that some psychological disorders such as depression are brought about by disruptions in the equilibrium between serotonin and other neurotransmitters. The foremost assumption is that drugs such as sertraline rejuvenate the chemical balance among neurotransmitters in the brain. In December 1991, the FDA officially permitted the use of sertraline (Ogbru, 2008). Indications for Zoloft “Zoloft, or sertraline hydrochloride, is indicated for the treatment of major depressive disorder in adults” (RxList, 2008). ...
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Review of Side Effects by Alison Bass
Review of Side Effects by Alison Bass
4 pages (1000 words)
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... of Side Effects by Alison Bass Between the years 1994 and 2002, the use of antidepressants among children as well as adolescents was very common, and these were being prescribed to the “below 18 age group” much more than an acne product. Various statistical data suggest that more than 11 million prescriptions for antidepressants were made in 2002 itself for children and adolescents in the US. Evidence also shows that about 2.7 million prescriptions were for children under 12. Unfortunately, this trend of using antidepressants among such a young age group only increased the following year. During this period, Paxil became the best-selling antidepressant in the world, its prescriptions estimated at...
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Assignment in medicine
Assignment in medicine
2 pages (500 words)
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... Pharmacy Medicine EXERCISE The study is explorative. The researchers use the word “evaluate” to simplify the entire procedure undertaken. The inclusion of a control experiment further proves that the article is explorative. A controlled test reveals its methodical nature, which was essential for this study. In addition, the study focused on changes in drug adherence and psychological behavior, which require systematic protocols to identify them. For instance, the researchers included “patients taking nontricyclic antidepressants” and no other kind (Brook, Hout, Stalman, Nieuwenhuyse, Bakker, Heerdink, and Haan 487). EXERCISE 2 The article is under social & administrative pharmacy. The research topic ...
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Role in the meeting user needs in my placement
Role in the meeting user needs in my placement
10 pages (2500 words)
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... Role in the meeting user needs in my placement Over the years I have come to realize that the people who have come across during my placement have been survivors. More specifically, they were not just survivors of the difficulties that they had faced with regard to mental health, but also survivors in the arena of mental health services. Where at one end, these individuals have been fighting many obstacles to regain their life through the treatments related to mental health and diagnoses, I have been there providing them services so that the mental health of every individual is improved. There have been all kinds of patients around me which took their own time for recovery that had more than a...
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Psychology Mental illness
Psychology Mental illness
18 pages (4500 words)
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... Illnesses of the of the of the Any behaviour that seems out of ordinary is termed as an abnormality. All over the world, medical practitioners have come across all kinds of abnormalities ranging from mediocre ones to those that have had life-threatening implications. There’s a lot of research going on to determine the causes of abnormalities in human beings. The causes and treatments for some kind of abnormalities has been devised by scientists but there are still many abnormalities which continue to puzzle and mystify scientists. It has been the endeavour of all nations and societies to get rid of all kinds of abnormalities. Why they exist nobody knows. It has also been observed that some kind of...
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The Philosophic Solution for Self-realisation
The Philosophic Solution for Self-realisation
12 pages (3000 words)
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... Philosophic Solution for Self-realisation Feeling alone amidst crowd may be philosophic solution for self-realisation. But when we look into Maslow’s need theory and the pyramid of needs to be satiated for achieving the apex position of self-actualisation, it becomes obvious that loneliness is illness rather than a curse. (Maslow A.H, 1970) Loneliness commonly refers to how individuals evaluate their level and quality of social contact. Wellbeing may not positively be correlated with the number of contact but greatly depends upon the nature of the contacts made1. In our case study of Peter, adverse life events in early adolescence might be the predictor of his depression. Substance abuse like alcoho...
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Psychopharmacology
Psychopharmacology
7 pages (1750 words)
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... Word count: 991 Order # 229615 ID # 5448 d 9th June 2008 "Appropriate Use of Psychopharmacology in the Elderly" ' Psychopharmacology is a branch of medical science which studies and describes the factors responsible for the various types of depression that occur in human beings. It is nothing but the study of drug-influenced changes in mood, sensation, thinking, and behavior. The depression in human beings is mainly caused by disturbance in their daily activities and due to unexpected happenings. In other words, due to the gap between the actual expectation and the happenings the people get affected by depression. As this is more related to mental tensions, adults are more prone to get affected by...
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Psychology (Clinical depression)
Psychology (Clinical depression)
4 pages (1000 words)
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... 2005 Clinical depression is a common, real and treatable illness that can occur to anyone, of any age and to people of any ethic group. (Neimeyer, Levitt , 2001) Depression is a psychological condition that changes how a person think and feel, and also effects one's social behaviour and sense of physical well-being. (Carlson, Martin and Buskwist, 2004) There exist different causes of depression: it can b ea reaction to a distressing situation like loss or stress (for instance, some women experience depression after the birth of a child), or it may be associated with an illness such as bipolar disorder in which the person experiences extreme miids without any apparent reason, or it can appear to be un...
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Pharmacology in nursing-Psychiatric disorder
Pharmacology in nursing-Psychiatric disorder
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Pharmacology in Nursing-Psychosis and Depression Treatment      Psychosis and depression are two conditions commonly treated through the use of pharmacologic and psychotherapeutic approaches. Psychosis is a mind condition that leads to a “loss of touch with reality” whereas, depression is a mood disorder. The treatment of these conditions heavily relies on first and second generation antipsychotics (FGAs & SGAs), which work by antagonizing the dopamine neurotransmitter. SGAs differ from FGAs because they antagonize both dopamine and serotonin. SGAs have proven to be more effective than FGAs because they offer better symptom treatment and less adverse side-effects. On the other hand, FGAs have less...
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Psychosocial interventions and cognitive behavioural therapy. A Case Study
Psychosocial interventions and cognitive behavioural therapy. A Case Study
14 pages (3500 words) , Download 1
... Interventions and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. A Case Study The psychiatric community has found a variety of issues in the last few years that they have had little assistance with in the past. Today, the incidences of depression and anxiety are on the rise and many older adults are suffering and often without intervention. In the current case study Rita, a 78 year old woman was referred to the mental health team at a local community health program that is specially designed to work with older adults. She was referred because she is suffering from depression and anxiety following the death of her husband of fifty years. The death occurred several months ago and Rita has been unable to get past her ...
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Effect of Drugs in Ones Health
Effect of Drugs in One's Health
4 pages (1000 words)
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... The Effects of Drugs on One’s Health Whether out of mere misuse or a strong addiction, overdoses may always result from the use of both prescription and non-prescription drugs. However, according to a 2007 report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, overdoses resulting from prescription drugs outnumber those from non-prescription drugs in the 26,000 fatal cases of drug overdose in the United States each year (Davis). Apart from these fatal cases, around 120,000 Americans every year suffer from the harmful and debilitating effects of overdosing on painkillers (Davis). Nevertheless, one should give equal attention to non-prescription drugs. This is due to the fact that drugs like...
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Parkinsons Disease
Parkinsons Disease
8 pages (2000 words) , Download 1
... for and against the claim that dopamine agonists and monoamine oxidase inhibitors are neuroprotective in patients with Parkinson's disease Table of contents No. Title Page No. Glossary 3 1. Introduction 4 2. Dopamine agonist: Brief History 5 2.1 Dopmaine receptor agonists in PD: Neurotoxic or Neuroprotective 6 3. Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors 11 3.1 Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors: The Neuurtoxic Effects 4. Conclusions 14 5. References 15 List of Tables and Figures Title Page no. Figure:1 Figure: The diagrammatic representation of DAnergic therapy for Parkinsons disease. The site of action of different therapeutic agents are shown in the boxes. 5 Figure: 2 Relative Potentcies of...
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Natural herbs and depression , 5htp and St johns wort and depression, the effects on depression using natural herbs
Natural herbs and depression , 5htp and St john's wort and depression, the effects on depression using natural herbs
10 pages (2500 words)
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... herbs and Depression Number Introduction Fan, Xuefen, Yinger, Jue, Runju, Burrows and Hefeng (2009) sought to investigate the effects of GengNianLe (GNL) herbal medicine on depression. The medicine, also referred to as Perimenopausal antidepressant formula, is a certain kind of Chinese natural medicine used to control the symptoms of perimenopausal depression in the local women. The researchers carried out a four year research completed in April 2008, in which 47 Chinese were sampled into a GNL set and a control set. The samples were given tibolone in a random manner. The rate of depression was measured with the 24-value Hamilton Depression Scale. The researchers measured concentration of follicle...
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THE EFFECT OF DRUGS ON PEOPLE WITH BIPOLAR DISORDER
THE EFFECT OF DRUGS ON PEOPLE WITH BIPOLAR DISORDER
3 pages (750 words)
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... EFFECT OF DRUGS ON PEOPLE WITH BIPOLAR DISORDER The drugs have multifarious effects on the people with bipolar disorders.It is therefore, pertinent to examine the bipolar disorders before an attempt is made to find out the drug effects and the usual medication prescribed to counter such disorders. It would also be appropriate to probe into the data available for the efficacy of such drugs before making a final analysis. Before we discuss the effects of drugs in people with Bipolar Disorder, it would be appropriate to understand as to what are the bipolar disorders. Let start with Bipolar disorders is one of various medical considerations nam...
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Effects and Abuse of Prescription Drugs in the United States of America
Effects and Abuse of Prescription Drugs in the United States of America
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Effects and Abuse of Prescription Drugs in US Effects and Abuse of Prescription Drugs in US Introduction According to Lauer & Lauer (2011) before dealing with any social problems, there should be an understanding of what results in such problems, what makes such problems to persist, and how such problems affects individuals’ quality of life (2011). One such current event problem is the issue of abuse of prescription medication, and in an article in New York Times written by Tavernise, the US Food and Drug Administration decided to strengthen considerably restrictions on prescribed medication drugs, like Vicodin, narcotic analgesics and Oxycodone (Tavernise, 2013). This is because the prescribed drug ...
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Drug Therapy handout
Drug Therapy handout
2 pages (500 words)
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... Therapy Handout Drug Therapies Fill in the following boxes by identifying and describing four categories of drug therapy. Give an example of a drug in each category and state which disorder it is used to treat. Discuss how the drug works, and include any undesirable side effects. Save this document and type directly onto the document and into the boxes. The boxes will expand to accommodate what you write. Submit as an attachment to the appropriate drop box. Category of Drug Therapy Example of a drug in this category and the disorder it is used to treat How the drug works, and any undesirable side effects Chemotherapy Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan, Neosar) Used for the control and/or treatment of Bre...
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The Ethics of Marketing Prescription Drugs
The Ethics of Marketing Prescription Drugs
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Ethics of Marketing Prescription Drugs In recent years, television in the U.S. has become increasingly involved in helping people diagnose theirown ailments by telling them which drugs they should be taking. These commercials usually must be 60 second spots because they need the first 30 seconds to ‘sell’ the drug and the next 30 seconds or more to quickly run through all the disclaimers and risks associated with taking that drug. The pharmaceutical companies argue that these commercials are necessary to make consumers aware of new treatments available that their doctors may not yet know of, but these types of commercials have an overall negative effect upon the viewer. However, UK Health Secretary...
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Neurological disorder paper
Neurological disorder paper
7 pages (1750 words)
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... Introduction A high point of discouragement that leads to suicidal thoughts and suicidal attempts is a condition which is regarded as depression (Grohol, 2008). This is a clinical disorder in which the depressed mood and other symptoms are high enough to mess up with social, work and family life leading to dysthymia. Dysthymia is a mild mood disorder which consists of chronic (long-term) depression. It is Greek word which means “bad state of mind” or “ill humor” (Schuyler, 2004). It is also known as chronic depression or neurotic depression. The major depression and dysthymia are of the same kind but they are different in their strength. This is because the strength of major depression is greater th...
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Treatments of Major Depressive Disorder
Treatments of Major Depressive Disorder
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder Introduction Mood disorders are a clinical spectrum of mental disorders which include mainly bipolar mood disorder and major depressive disorder. It is important to correctly diagnose and differentiate between these two disorders because these two illnesses differ in the way they are treated. According to the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-IV-TR), major depressive disorder is a syndrome with five symptoms or more among the following; depressed mood, agitation ,sleep disturbance, anhedonia , loss of appetite, suicidal thoughts, fatigue ,feeling worthless occurring in a two week period (APA, 2009). The first symptoms to appear are the...
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Prescription drugs
Prescription drugs
11 pages (2750 words)
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... Advertising Prescription Drugs Direct-to- Consumers Direct to Consumer advertising of prescription drugs on Television is permitted in theUS but not in the European Union or other advanced economies. There are arguments both in favor of such advertising and against it. The patient’s right to information and his active participation in the diagnosis and treatment of his disease are the clear positive arguments in favor of such advertising. The main argument against such advertising is the risk of self medication with prescription drugs without clear awareness of the harmful side effects. The large numbers of emergency room admissions from prescription drug abuse in the US are a compelling argument...
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Health for community and people across lifespan
Health for community and people across lifespan
13 pages (3250 words) , Download 1
... Health for community and people across lifespan Introduction The importance of an expert possessing both moral and professional obligation to meticulously carry out his/her duties are self- evident and should never be undermined. In the view of this, nurses are bound by ethics which guides them in the dispensation of their profession to the best of practice obtainable (Diamond 2008). Nurses should take every responsibility when having knowledge and creating principle of conduct that maintains both the patient and support other professionals as a whole (NMC 2008). In life there are some main life events that make life predictable and at times unpredictable. People are influenced by a variety of life ...
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Financial Costs of the Chronic Illness Depression
Financial Costs of the Chronic Illness Depression
3 pages (750 words)
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... Costs of the Chronic Illness Depression Introduction Depression is the highest of stress. It affects a person’s mood hence dislike of activity. As a result, it can affect a person's views, behaviour, moods and sense of well-being. It is significant to note that depressed people may feel gloomy, anxious, empty, desperate, worried, helpless, insignificant, guilty, irritable, miffed, or restless. They might lose interest in actions that once were enjoyable, experience loss of desire for food or overeating and have problems focusing. Moreover, some are burdened with remembering facts, or making decisions, and may consider or attempt suicide. Insomnia, excessive sleeping, exhaustion, loss of drive, or...
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Emotional and Physical Symptoms of Depression During Pregnancy And Different Ways of Treatment
Emotional and Physical Symptoms of Depression During Pregnancy And Different Ways of Treatment
20 pages (5000 words)
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... of Depression during Pregnancy and Ways of Treatment Altshuler L, &Cohen ML. (2005).The Expert Consensus Guideline Series. Treatment of depression in women.Retrieved on 12th February 2014, from: http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/11500997/reload=0;jsessionid=q5zUqkQaQzLxE9aXUJVc.2 The article argues that pregnant mothers contribute to a large number of patients with depression disorders. Therefore, treatment of pregnancy depression is a substantial public concern. During pregnancy, the article reveals that a great number of mothers may be living in depression and failing to realize. The intensively researched article successfully engages scholars in understanding the problems expected to pursue th...
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Case study
Case study
1 pages (250 words)
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... case study Evidently, the 17-year-old boy was suffering from Major Depressive Episode that resulted from the bereavement. He had a depressed mood and lost pleasure or interest in everyday activities. His previous functioning changed significantly. The DSM-IV criteria stipulate that for a patient to be diagnosed with MDE they must experience at list 5 of the following symptoms Schouten, R., & Silver, J. (2013). Anhedonia and loss of interest Change in eating, appetite, or weight Sleep disruption (insomnia) Fatigue Hampered motor activity Depressed mood Loss of concentration and/or attention Self-blame Suicidal thoughts Evidently, the boy’s symptoms do not indicate a mixed episode but rather a sing...
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Schizoaffective disorder
Schizoaffective disorder
12 pages (3000 words)
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... Disorder Table of contents 0 Definition ....................................3 2.0 Demographics of schizoaffective disorder ................3 3.0 Signs and symptoms ..........3 4.0 Differences with schizophrenia and affective mood disorder .......4 5.0 Diagnosis ........................4 6.0 Causes/etiology ....................5 7.0 Pathophysiology ...........................7 8.0 Types ................................8 9.0 Epidemiology /prevalence .........8 10.0 Treatment/management......... 9 10.1 Medications ...........9 10.2 Psychotherapy...........10 10.3 Psychosocial rehabilitation.....10 11.0 Complications and side effects of medications.................11 12.0 History …………….11 13.0...
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Final Project: Intervention II
Final Project: Intervention II
7 pages (1750 words)
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... Final Project: Intervention II Psychology Submitted Determination of the Mental Health Issue Ms. A, 28 year old, married business executive lady suffers from depression as the mental health issue. This diagnosis is made secondary to the adherence of DSM IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition) which specifies the criteria that needs to be fulfilled prior to categorizing a patient as suffering from any mental health condition. DSM IV asserts that before classifying an individual as having depression, the individual needs to have 5 or greater than 5 of the following symptoms. Consequently, the symptoms need to have been present within a 2-week interval and have to be...
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With reference to a specific anxiety disorder, critically evaluate two contrasting ap-proaches
With reference to a specific anxiety disorder, critically evaluate two contrasting ap-proaches
3 pages (750 words) , Download 1
... reference to a specific anxiety disorder, critically evaluate two contrasting approaches? Anxiety disorder isa psychological problem that affect people making them behave differently from normal healthy persons. The problems consist of averting, fear, panic and obsessive ritual (Antony & Swinson, 1996). Researcher have addressed the problem of anxiety disorder through various methods. One, anxiety disorder is treated with pharmacotherapy. Second, anxiety disorders are treated with cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) (Antony & Swinson, 1996). Panic Disorder Panic disorder is diagnosed by the prevalence of persistence panic attacks, prolonged fear, and other symptoms such as sweating, chest pain and br...
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Industry Analysis
Industry Analysis
2 pages (500 words)
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... Smoking Cessation Industry Many people around the world smoke. The population of addicted persons to cigarettes is high and so is the number of those addicts who want to quit smoking. However, quitting smoking is not just a one-stop process. It takes several days to stay clean and off the puff. Hence doctors and researchers try to come up with new means of helping smoking addicts quit the habit. We are hereby going to consider some of the alternatives that smokers have on their path to a smoke-free life. One of the smoking cessation products includes herbs. Herbs have been famous for centuries as being able to cure certain illnesses. When we mention drugs, there are those specifically targeted to hel...
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Movie essay
Movie essay
3 pages (750 words)
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... Soloist - Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is defined as a psychotic disorder which has symptoms like delusions, hallucinations like hearing voices, disorganized speech and others which lead to social and occupational dysfunctions of an individual (Stahl, 79). As per DSM V the symptom should last for 6 month with at least one month of active phase symptoms which includes hearing voices (Ghaemi, 279). Schizoaffective disorder and bipolar disorder during active phase symptoms have been ruled out from the diagnostic criteria of DSM V because no depressive episodes has been observed or if it has been observed then its duration is very brief. Schizophrenia is not a direct effect of any substance abuse and...
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DIscussion question
DIscussion question
1 pages (250 words)
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... Psychology Discussion questions Lithium is a mood stabilizer that serves to alter norepinephrine and serotonin neurotransmitters. The drug increases the chemical’s content in the brain. It modifies the synaptic transmission. It enhances the communication process to axon terminals and brain chemicals from the nerve impulses. A mood stabilizer is an agonist that mimics the effects of naturally occurring chemicals within the brains. The agonist tricks the brain by bridging the gap of the missing chemicals for it to communicate through nerve impulse. The body then responds and behaves in a different way. It, therefore, regulates anxiety, decreases sadness, and improves concentration (John). Ambien is ...
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Therapies for Disorders
Therapies for Disorders
8 pages (2000 words)
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... for Disorders  a. Psychotherapy is generally superior to drug therapy in the treatment of psychological disorders.  b. Drug therapy is generally superior to psychotherapy in the treatment of psychological disorders.  Introduction Mental health is related to cognition and emotional happiness. It revolves around our behaviour, thoughts, and sentiments. For a person to be mentally or psychologically healthy denotes that he does not suffer from any mental disorders. Mental health directly affects our everyday life, relationships with those around us and even greatly influences our physical well-being (Barlow, 2007). Furthermore, it also reflects if a person is able to live jubilantly; if he is...
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