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... Realism Realism refers to faithful representation of reality, a technique employed in many schools of writing (Cart, . Realism denotes a given subject matter especially that focuses on the middle class life. Factors such as interest in the scientific method, reaction against romanticism, and influence of rational philosophy affect realism (Cart, 2010). Critics argue that there is no distinction between naturalism and realism (Pizer, 1995). The critics suggest that the slight difference between realism and naturalism is evident in the focus of classes. Lee (2009) argues that critics of realism point out that naturalism consider the lower class of life. In literature, realism covers the period from...