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The Kuttanad Wetland Ecosystem - Research Paper Example

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In the paper “The Kuttanad Wetland Ecosystem” the author creates awareness about the importance of these ecosystems as they help in retaining water during droughts, in case of floods they reduce water levels. Wetlands are of different types like marshes, swamps, mangroves, etc…
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The Kuttanad Wetland Ecosystem
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Download file to see previous pages The swiftly increasing human population, land development, incorrect use of water bodies has seriously hampered these ecosystems. This can result in poor quality of water, extinction of endangered species and danger to humans. Hence there’s an urgent need for the conservation of this important ecosystem.
“The Kuttanad Wetland Ecosystem” in Kerala is the largest wetland ecosystem on the west coast of India. This landscape of natural beauty in the olden times was a part of the shallow coastal area of the Arabian Sea. Due to the geological uplift, a shallow bay was formed into which four main rivers namely Pampa, Achencoil, Manimala, and Meenachil, discharged. The silt deposited at river mouths formed the delta and the shallow bay formed into a lake-lagoon backwater system opening on to the Arabian Sea. All these rivers join into the Vembanad Lake which lies 0.6 to 2.2 m below mean sea level. This region extends from 9 deg 17’ to 9 deg 40’ N latitude and 76 deg 19’ to 76 deg 33’ E longitude, covering an area of 1100 sq. km. which includes 304 sq. km of garden lands and 524 sq. km of low lying rice fields, the rest being waterbodies. The area includes vast stretches of backwaters, bordering mangrove formations which support a rich variety of endemic and exotic species of birds and rice fields. Floods are usually experienced during the monsoon period due to the discharge of large quantities of river water into Kuttanad. The Wetlands are important as a genetic reservoir for certain plant species. (Dungan P.J.,1990) ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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