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Micro and Macro Carbon Audit - Research Paper Example

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This paper "Micro and Macro Carbon Audit" focuses on the fact that carbon dioxide (CO2) is released into the atmosphere by various human activities. Burning fossil fuels for the production of energy and transport are activities that are the primary source of CO2 in the atmosphere…
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Micro and Macro Carbon Audit
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Download file to see previous pages Climate change has been considered dangerous, and a switch to renewable energy has been advocated (Greenpeace, 2009).
Space heating is an element to create a comfortable residential or working atmosphere. Space heating equipment consumes a significant amount of energy in buildings. The heating in buildings is responsible for CO2 emissions. A wide variety of technologies are available, with a wide range of efficiencies for converting energies into useful heat. These include electrical or gas based systems that are available for heating space and water. Recently there has been an emphasis on the use of energy saving equipment, and such equipment is rated for their capabilities. It is desirable to select the most efficient equipment available. Space and water heating measures have been advocated in the CO2 reduction strategy. Several measures such as extra insulation, new window types, and the introduction of heat pumps could result in lower energy consumption in buildings and lower CO2 emissions.
The rationing route to emissions control in the UK has been considered. An annual limit on CO2 emissions has been set by the Government. The budget is made up of carbon units, where each carbon unit allows the emission of1 kg CO2. 55% is sold by the process of the auction to businesses and the public sector, and 45% are given to every adult as smart card credits. Fuel and electricity get a carbon rating which is expressed in units. When fuel or power is purchased, the card is scanned and units are debited. The cards are linked to a national database and are linked through machines in garages, post offices, newsagents, etc. where units could be purchased or sold. For example, for purchasing petrol but lacking units, the units are procured from the database and the cost is added to the bill.

Carbon-intensive transport and other services would feed an increase in costs as suppliers auctioned units to pay for their embodied carbon (East, 2004).   ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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