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The Problem of Surface Water Acidification - Coursework Example

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The paper "The Problem of Surface Water Acidification" discusses that most aquatic forms face identical environmental problems hence can be collectively controlled by the authorities and private enterprises through observing the recommended conservation strategies…
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The Problem of Surface Water Acidification
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Download file to see previous pages The marked effort by authorities and environmental agencies to contain this phenomenon on its detrimental effect on clean water and agricultural products, the main concern is that these pollutants are also impacting negatively on the bird populations and other aquatic forms (Haliwell et al, 456).
There has nonetheless been a significant decline in acidic levels on the surface waters since their peak levels in the late 1970s on a number of areas within the United Kingdom, especially in sulphuric acidity. This has been credited to local and international policy regulations and legislations e.g. the Convention of Long-Range Trans-boundary Air Pollution and the European Union. They include the Gothenburg Protocol of 1999, the Large Combustion Plants Directive, and the National Emissions Ceilings Directive associated with the Clean Air for Europe programme. A more recent directive is the European Union Water Framework Directive (WFD) that advocates for all surface water good ecological status by 2016. This includes not only human life but also the biological status of aquatic life like fish, phytoplankton, and macrophytes that depend on collective practical steps aimed at reducing acidic emissions. This European Union (EU) Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) has been hailed as one of the most significant water legislation Acts in along time that seeks to rationalise the existing legislation by establishing an integrated European approach to the proposals of river basin development and water management. The main aspirations of the ordinance were: to check any further deterioration while offering fortification and improvement to the importance of aquatic ecosystems and correlated wetlands; propping up a sustainable consumption of water system; diminishing water contamination from precedence substances; averting the decline in the importance and progression of groundwater pollution; ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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