Integration Theory and Policy Development in the EU - Case Study Example

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This paper "Integration Theory and Policy Development in the EU" focuses on the fact that the study of integration theory forms the basis for understanding various policy developments in the EU. Theories all contain internal processes of governmental and organizational integration. …
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Integration Theory and Policy Development in the EU
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Download file to see previous pages The EU ozone policy grew from scientific research conducted on the ozone layer in the ’70s which showed that industrial pollutants including those produced by certain home appliances and household sprays were having great and far-reaching effects on the ozone layer surrounding the Earth. To minimize potential hazards and set international standards, the EU together with its executive body the European Commission partook in the framing of multilateral environmental agreements. Since the EU was the biggest exporter of CFC’s due to surplus production1, its involvement in developing an ozone policy was crucial. However, the EU is dependent on the effectiveness of the EC and the subsequent participation of the member states into agreeing with the policy.

In implementing this EU policy, the two grand theories of integration, neo-functionalism and intergovernmentalism, work in different ways. One of the earliest policies that illustrated the theory of neo-functionalism was the Common Agricultural Policy in the 1960s (Lindberg 1963). A neo-functionalistic approach uses the technical and scientific knowledge of ozone depletion data and the substances causing the effect, to allow technocrats in the EC to draw out schemes that curtail or eliminate the use of ozone depletion substances (ODS). Integration using the neo-functionalistic method permits a sharing of scientific knowledge among similar sectors in the various member states, enabling manufacturing and technology companies in those states to implement a common strategy. The consequence of this is a unified body of technical know-how in the whole region of the EU fostering further technical collaboration. Integration also causes a natural spillover of knowledge and activities into other associated sectors (EPSnet). A functional-spill over occurs when certain processes are functionally connected to each other due to the intermeshing of the economy (Lindberg and Scheingold 1970: 117).  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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