Free

Environmental Studies. Superfund Site: Green River Disposal, Inc. and How did Lake Nyos suddenly kill 1,700 people - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Lake Nyos in Cameroon was quite, calm, still and blue before frothy spray out of the lake occurred in 1986. The frothy spray started by producing a rumbling sound that could be heard by the people living around the lake. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.4% of users find it useful
Environmental Studies. Superfund Site: Green River Disposal, Inc. and How did Lake Nyos suddenly kill 1,700 people
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Environmental Studies. Superfund Site: Green River Disposal, Inc. and How did Lake Nyos suddenly kill 1,700 people"

Environmental Studies al Affiliation How did Lake Nyos suddenly kill 700 people? Lake Nyos in Cameroon was quite, calm, still and blue before frothy spray out of the lake occurred in 1986. The frothy spray started by producing a rumbling sound that could be heard by the people living around the lake. The frothy sprays created white cloud over the water that grew 100 meters tall from the ground (Susan, 1986). The farmers who got out to investigate the scene lost consciousness after breathing the air in the cloud making some people to lose their lives.
The heavy cloud created by the frothy spray channeled through the valley to settlement schemes leading to more deaths as a result of unconsciousness after breathing air in the cloud. Everybody was killed in Nyos, and kam expect four people who survived the horror cloud. The cloud followed the splitting valley as far as 25 kilometers, killing several people along with it. After three days, the cloud disappeared, and the unconscious people regained consciously and realized that their family members and livestock had lost their lives. The lake too had also changed to become shallow. Plants and leaves also floated on the rusty water on the lake (Susan, 1986).
Lake Nyos is Crater Lake and located in high inactive volcano region, pocket of magma lies below the lake and releases carbon dioxide into the water body that transfomrs the water into carbonic acid (Susan, 1986). In 1986, it was the carbon dioxide released by magma below the water that caused frothy spray of cloud that chocked and killed more than 1700 people and 3500 livestock in Cameroon (Susan, 1986).
Superfund Site: Green River Disposal, Inc.
The green river disposal, Inc. site comprises the areas where various industrial wastage was buried by operators from 1975 to 1988. The site was named in the national priority list by EPA 1990 because of polluted ground water, sediments and leachate that resulted from waste disposal. The area covers 14 acres and is located along the Ohio River (U.S Environmental Protection Agency, 2013). It is situated in the sparingly populated Daviess County in Kentucky close to the town of Maceo (U.S Environmental Protection Agency, 2013). There are forest, farmland and scattered residential development among other land uses.
An investigation of the site revealed contaminated ground water, leachates and sediments as the pollutants of concern. The contaminations resulted from the disposal of waste and other metal contaminants. The clean-up techniques being carried out include landfills and refills. The EPA has provided oversight role in leading PRPs in investigation and the clean-up responsibility (U.S Environmental Protection Agency, 2013).
The clean-up activities for the first began in 1996 and completed the following year, and the second phase of cleaning began in 2002 and the year 2004, they required monitoring of the ground water. The third phase of site clean-up was completed in 2011 and found out that the approach used would continue to protect people and the environment.
EPA has also worked closely with the community and state partners in developing long term clean-up plan for the site, reflecting the agency’s commitment to safety and health of the community and the environment. EPA has also enforced legal agreement with the site’s PRPs to investigate and clean-up the site (U.S Environmental Protection Agency, 2013). The PRPs also funds and supervise the process of the clean-up.
References
Susan L. Nasr. (1986). How did Lake Nyos suddenly kill 1,700 people? Retrieved on November 5, 2014 from http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/earth/geophysics/lake-nyos.htm
U.S Environmental Protection Agency. (2013). Superfund sites. Retrieved on November 5, 2014 from http://www.epa.gov/region4/superfund/sites/npl/kentucky/gnrivdiky.html Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Environmental Studies. Superfund Site: Green River Disposal, Inc. and Essay”, n.d.)
Environmental Studies. Superfund Site: Green River Disposal, Inc. and Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1664440-environmental-studies-superfund-site-green-river-disposal-inc-and-how-did-lake-nyos-suddenly-kill-1700-people
(Environmental Studies. Superfund Site: Green River Disposal, Inc. And Essay)
Environmental Studies. Superfund Site: Green River Disposal, Inc. And Essay. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1664440-environmental-studies-superfund-site-green-river-disposal-inc-and-how-did-lake-nyos-suddenly-kill-1700-people.
“Environmental Studies. Superfund Site: Green River Disposal, Inc. And Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1664440-environmental-studies-superfund-site-green-river-disposal-inc-and-how-did-lake-nyos-suddenly-kill-1700-people.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Environmental Studies. Superfund Site: Green River Disposal, Inc. and How did Lake Nyos suddenly kill 1,700 people

Superfund sites

...of the series of the interacting decisions heavily comprises the program goals and evaluation criteria. According to the U.S. Congressional Budget Office (1994), the superfund program is tasked mainly to clean-up the waste hazards apparent in a site “contaminated with hazardous substances” which is administered markedly by the EPA or Environmental Protection Agency (pp. 1-2). A particular example of a superfund site is the Claremont Polychemical (CP) Superfund Site. Located in Old Bethpage, New York, this Superfund Site greatly spans 10 acres of land area...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Environmental Studies

...Environmental Studies Science inventions and advancements have had a profound impact on the lives of human beings. Major studies in science and various scientific fields have enabled the transformation of human lives in the world to be able to live better and much more comfortably. However, in every good thing, there is always a negative side, which comes with negative consequences. Scientific inventions have created notable changes in the environment both positively and negatively. The following paper takes a closer look at how science has both helped and destroyed the environment. We shall look at the influences that science has made in the energy sector, climate...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Environmental Studies

...?Environmental Studies Environmental Studies This presentation will be discussing the essentiality of limestone in general and also specifically limestone found in India. Fundamental facts and information about the properties of limestone will also be provided, locations of significant mines and sites where the rock is found will be pin pointed and the various categories of limestone that are found will be discussed. Outlining the above mentioned details are important to reach the heart of this presentation; which will talk about the uses of limestone in trade, business, manufacturing of goods and export and a conclusive analysis about the sustainable use...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Environmental studies

...tables or conditional value tables, the probabilities are needed (risk). In case of uncertainty, one has to come up with best guess probabilities. Part B (about 300 words each question) 1. Markets provide a useful source of information regarding people’s preferences. Explain how you would use market data to estimate the costs of protecting a forest from logging. Market data is very essential in estimating the cost of protecting forests. Market data like the economic uses of the forest, the value of products that are produced from the forest resources and the general value of the forest to the community and country at large should be considered. In estimating the cost of protecting a...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment

Environmental studies

...from aspects such as world views on environmental issues. However, this does not imply that the other more essential means such as technological, economical and scientific solutions should be ignored: instead, they should be affirmed while basing on the cultural causes and solutions to environmental problems (Poser, 2008). References Hiskes, R. P. (2009). The human right to a green future: Environmental rights and intergenerational justice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Howard-Grenville, J. A. (2007). Corporate culture and environmental practice: Making change at a high-technology manufacturer. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Johnston, B. R....
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Superfund site

...processes that analyzed the level of contamination in the wells revealed the presence of nitrate and ammonia as some of the critical contaminants. EPA experts working on the site identified these as the major contaminants posing health risks to the people living in the proximity of the site as well as those proving detrimental to the environment. Clean up Measures Utilized The cleanup activities are planned in a specific order beginning with extensive studies of the site, selection of the most effective remedy, designing the remedy, construction of the remedy plan and post-construction activities(United States Environmental Protection...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Environmental Studies

...disability. Children are affected by various factors during their birth itself. It has increased so much that people do not remember how a child looks after birth. Michael Pollan, Daniel Quinn, Majora Carter and William McDonough were the Environmental leaders during the year 2010. Each of them was a professional environmental expert. They proposed plans to conserve and save the environment. Only some of them were implemented while others were left as such. (Quinn 1995). People failed to co operate. Any environmental negligence will become a health hazard. They tried their best to save the environment. Though these...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

The FMC Corporation Green River

...flexibility in how it runs its businesses (Carter, 1999). Looking at the sister plant of FMC at Aberdeen, one notices some difference between the two FMC Corporations. The FMC Aberdeen plant is younger and smaller than The FMC Corporation Green River and quite different in that its management is at its bare minimum basically because most of the work is done by self-steered work groups as opposed to the massive, older Green River, Wyoming facility, which is operating in totally a different industry, as earlier established (Carter, 1999). Not withstanding the differences existing between the two plants, the Green River...
4 Pages(1000 words)Coursework

Waste Disposal and Green Intelligence

... Waste Disposal and Green Intelligence Waste disposal Waste materials are substances that are produced by humans in their every day activities, which they no longer have need for and plan to get rid of. These may comprise of solid wastes, liquids, gaseous, and radioactive materials. Solid wastes are the most widespread type of waste materials recognized to numerous persons. There are numerous sources of solid waste including wastes from households, small enterprises, industries, and the agricultural sector. A greater part of these waste substances have possibilities of creating harm to humans, such as cancer, mutations, irritations, toxicity, and birth defects. As a result, people have devised ways of managing these wastes... materials such...
3 Pages(750 words)Dissertation

Environmental Studies

...[Due Environmental Studies STEP a) Shallowest is 130 meters, while deepest is 2060 meters. b) It increases. This is because the oldest ice or gas is usually found in the deepest depths. c) Ice and gas are two different elements with different qualities. It so happens that their age would also differ depending on their qualities. d) 2.53 years younger. e) It is smallest at the bottom of the core. This is because it is exposed to elements. STEP 2 b) Very reliable c) 160.73 and 28.1 years ago respectively STEP 3 10. Carbon dioxide and temperature are directly proportional 11. CH4 is more closely correlated with temperature. This is because it is lighter than CO2. 12. They are inversely...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Environmental Studies. Superfund Site: Green River Disposal, Inc. and How did Lake Nyos suddenly kill 1,700 people for FREE!

Contact Us