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Program capstone IP1 - Essay Example

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Management refers to the development of bureaucracy that derives its importance from the need for tactical planning, co-ordination, directing and controlling of large and complex decision creation process. Essentially, therefore, management entails the acquisition of management…
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Functions of Management Theory. Management refers to the development of bureaucracy that derives its importance from the need for tactical planning, co-ordination, directing and controlling of large and complex decision creation process. Essentially, therefore, management entails the acquisition of management competence, and effectiveness in the following key areas: solving of problem, administration, human resource management, and organizational leadership. For an organization like Microsoft Corporation, these theories are being used to manage the firm and they include the following:
Planning as practice of theory of managements, used by many organizations like Microsoft Corporation, involves selecting missions and objectives and the actions to achieve them. It requires decision-making like choosing future courses of action from among alternatives. The plans range from overall purposes and objectives to the most detailed arrangements to be taken. No real plan exists until a decision a commitment of human and material resources needs to be made. In other words, before a decision is made, all that exists is study of planning, analysis, or a proposal; there is no real plan.
Use of organization as the second theory of management, Microsoft Corporation management team and the whole staff usually works together to achieve some goal must have duties to take care of. Generally, these roles have to be defined and structured by someone who wants to make sure that people contribute in a specific way to efforts of group. Organizing, therefore, is that part of management that involves establishing an intentional structure of roles for people to fill in a company. Intentional in that all tasks necessary to accomplish goals are assigned and assigned to people who can perform to their best. Indeed, the purpose of an organizational structure is to help in creating an environment for human performance. However, designing an organizational structure is not an easy managerial task because many problems are encountered in making structures fitting situations, together with both defining the kind of jobs that must be done and finding the people to do them.
For Leading as the third theory of management, it means influencing of employees so that they will contribute to organization and group goals is widely used in Microsoft Corporation to mention; it has to do predominantly with the interpersonal feature of management. Most important problems to managers arise from people their desires plus defiance, their behavior as groups and individuals. Hence, effective managers need to be active leaders. Leading involves motivation, leadership styles and approaches and communication.
Controlling is another major theory of management used widely in major organization just like Microsoft Corporation. For example, expense from budget, is the measuring and correction of activities of subordinates to ensure that events follow the plans. It measures performance against objectives and plans, shows the existence of the derivations which are negative and by putting in motion actions to correct unconventionalities, helps ensure accomplishment of plans. These measurement techniques as well are elaborated. Although planning must lead controlling, plans are not self-achieving. Plans guide managers in the use of resources to accomplish specific goals; then activities are checked to determine whether they follow the strategies. Compelling events to follow the plans means locating the individuals or the employees who are responsible for results that differ from planned action and then taking the necessary steps to improve performance. The employees of Microsoft Corporation to mention, are always happy with this kind of monitoring from the managers of the allocation of the duties. Thus, controlling what employees or workers do controls organizational outcomes. And this made organizations like Microsoft to achieve a good reputation through the service it offers to the clients and is the best firm offering cloud services in the world. Many control mechanisms used by many organizations to monitor their work is elaborated earlier and is accepted by the stakeholders involve.
Although these management functions concern the internal environment for performance within a firm or corporation, leaders must operate in the external environment of the firm or corporation as well. Obviously, managers cannot perform their tasks well unless they have an indulgent of, and are responsive to, the many elements of the external settings economic, technological, societal, political, and moral factors that affect their areas of operation.
References
Melé, D. (2012). Management ethics: placing ethics at the core of good management. Basingstoke, Hampshire [England: Palgrave Macmillan.
Shapira, Z. (1997). Organizational decision making. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Fisher, K. (1993). Leading self-directed work teams: a guide to developing new team leadership skills. New York: McGraw-Hill. Read More
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