Free

Sustainable Agricultural System for Cities - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
This means that, what it directly refers to is outright dealing with hunger in a regular basis or persistent anticipation to be hungry in the near future. The United States…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.3% of users find it useful
Sustainable Agricultural System for Cities
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Sustainable Agricultural System for Cities"

Food Insecurity in the US Food insecurity is the level of access individuals have toward obtaining food for their everyday needs. This means that, what it directly refers to is outright dealing with hunger in a regular basis or persistent anticipation to be hungry in the near future. The United States Department of Agriculture defines food security as having access at all times to nutritious foods that are capable of sustaining an active and productive lifestyle, which is a similar approach with what Pijawka and Gromulat (2012) hold concerning how and why cities and urban centers should become sustainable by applying certain regulated procedures . Therefore, food insecurity could become a daily phenomenon to those who are already experiencing shortage of food supply or had serious lack of it in any given time of the year. When food insecurity occurs in a given household it affects children, adults, family members, and in general any given community in the US.
According to Economic Research Service (ERS), more than 85% or close to 102 million households in the US had not food insecurity problem in the year 2011. In the US food insecurity occurs when household do not have enough money to buy the food they need for normal sustenance. ERS states that close to 15% or 18 million households in the US falls under the category of food insecure households for the year 2011. Another 9% or around 11 million households in the US had suffered a lower level of food insecurity in 2011 according to the same research agency. Those categorized in this group were better off that the above food insecure group because their case was shortage of food for lack of having enough money and were able to make up for the shortage by relying on federal food assistance programs and by obtaining emergency food from various charitable outlets and pantries. There was also another group labeled as very low food security group that numbers around 7 million and made up 5.9% of the population and such households could have experienced hunger at some time in the year 2011, due to lack of their own resources to obtain the required food supply.
Furthermore, it is possible to look at the food insecurity by the number of people who lived in households afflicted by such problems, where around 50 million people had lived in households labeled as food insecure, another 12 million people had lived in a highly food insecure households, while between 8 and 9 million children had lived in food insecure households in the year 2011.
How to Reduce food Insecurity in the US
Currently, three major programs are tackling the problem of the food-insecure households. These programs are:
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
This particular program helps around 40 million households labeled as low-income earners and the progam helps them to get nutritional food supplement. This program is available to all low income earners in the US that meet certain criteria such as monthly income, where the income generated by the household should be below the poverty line ($23, 800) and the net income after tax had to be used directly for utility and child care. There is also certain limit to the amount of asset such households could posses, which is around $3000 (USDA, 2011).
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children
Participants in this program are entitled to food items that are nutritious, education, and other social services related to healthcare that occurs because of pregnancy, breast-feeding once the children are born, and while they are growing up and reaching 5 years of age (USDA, 2011).
The National School Lunch Program
This program avails nutritious meals in school at low cost if possible or free otherwise, in a form of free lunches based on the income a given household is generating. The actual arrangement is that those that are below 130% of the poverty line can have free meal, while those that are between 130-185% could buy meal at a reduced price. There are also additional programs that are available to those with low income that are worth mentioning such as Earned Income Tax credit explained by Holt (2006) allowed to those who earn minimum wage, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, Medicaid, the State Children’s Health Insurance Program, Social Security and Medicare that are all geared toward alleviate living hardships and for the most part food insecurity (USDA, 2011).
Reducing Food Insecurity in the US
There are three identified causes of hunger namely, what takes place around the world, the political and economic system in the US, and the mental state of some of the poor people. Cheap labor around the world had been attracting US jobs, whose outcome had been creating a big number of unemployed people in the US, while at the same time it takes down the wage level below the poverty line. This outcome requires the utmost attention, where curbing outsourcing alone could make a big difference in creating jobs and raising the employment level. Immigrants from the outside poor world also could take the jobs of the US citizens, while at the same time taking down the wage level with it by creating a surplus workforce the system cannot absorb, hence creating a big number of poor people in the US.
When looking at the US political system, the top priority had always been military and security that avert money from social programs. It is also necessary to have a certain level of unemployment in a free enterprise economy and those unemployed should endure certain hardship that is not of their own making. Tackling the above problems could reduce the behavioral and mental health problems that are afflicting those who cannot find gainful employment.
REFERENCES
The Huffington Post. Food Insecurity A Problem Among Ballooning Number In U.S.: Report, Available at, www.huffingtonpost.com/.../us-food-insecurity_n_1859206.html
Holt, Eric. (2006) “The Earned Income Tax Credit at Age 30: What We Know.” The Brookings Institution. Web. Date of access, March 18, 2013.
http://www3.brookings.edu/metro/pubs/20060209_Holt.pdf
Pijawka, David. Groulat, Martin, (2012) Understanding Sustainable Cities: Concepts, Cases, and Solution.
USDA ERS, Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children" Web. Date of access, March 18, 2013. http://www.fns.usda.gov/wic/WIC-Fact-Sheet.pdf/a> USDA ERS, Food Security in the U.S.
Web. Date of access, March 18, 2013. www.ers.usda.gov/topics/food.../food-security-in-the-us.aspx
United States Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service. (2011) "Characteristics of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Households: Fiscal Year 2008--Summary." Web. Date of access, March 18, 2013. http://www.fns.usda.gov/ora/menu/Published/snap/SNAPPartHH.htm
United States Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service. (2011) "National School Lunch Program." Web. Date of access, March 18, 2013. http://www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/lunch/AboutLunch/NSLPFactSheet.pdf/a> APPENDIX Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Sustainable Agricultural System for Cities Research Paper”, n.d.)
Sustainable Agricultural System for Cities Research Paper. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1617419-sustainable-agricultural-system-for-cities
(Sustainable Agricultural System for Cities Research Paper)
Sustainable Agricultural System for Cities Research Paper. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1617419-sustainable-agricultural-system-for-cities.
“Sustainable Agricultural System for Cities Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1617419-sustainable-agricultural-system-for-cities.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Sustainable Agricultural System for Cities

Sustainability analysis of urban agriculture in Beijing, China

...from urban areas can decrease energy needs and costs associated with long distance travel and refrigeration. Furthermore, energy savings can be realized from this technology since current food system in most industrialized countries like China use over four times more energy during logistics than in the actual farming practice itself (Dee Zeeuw et al. 4). Environmental Sustainability In the urban areas where an environmental practice is not well observed, urban agriculture can make a positive impact. The stewardship for the environment can be enhanced through urban agriculture’s efforts to green cities. The city’s residents can benefit...
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper

How can cities become more sustainable Compare and contrast cities in the developed world and cities in the developing world

...?Running head: SUSTAINABILITY OF CITIES How Cities Can Become More Sustainable: Comparison And Contrast Of Cities In The Developed And Developing World. Insert name Insert grade course Insert instructor’s name April 11, 2011. How cities can become more sustainable: comparison and contrast of cities in the developed and developing world 1.0 Introduction The sustainability and resiliency of cities in both developed and developing world is a vital tool for enhancing economic development. However, the initiator and head of the consultancy universal Current, Warren Karlenzig,...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

How can cities become more sustainable Compare and contrast cities in the developed world and cities in the developing world

...?Cities Sustainability Issues Introduction As the urbanization process accelerates further, more than 4 billion people are projected to live in cities in next 10 years; it becomes necessary that cities become ecologically sustainable. Cities can become sustainable if they recognize the need to operate based on natural ecological processes–a system that is resilient, symbiotic, adaptive, and believe in regenerative capacity. If cities recognize these needs and incorporate these characteristics then sustainability is possible. With the onset of industrial revolution in US and Europe in the beginning of last century has caused mass migration of population to the urban centers such as London, New York, Paris, Tokyo, Berlin etc. Most... , there...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Sustainable Development with Specialisation on Environment and Agricultural Development

...humans in several dimensions, for instance, monetary efficiency, ecological impacts and the social growth (Gechev 2). However, in this case, we are examining the environmental influences of sustainable progress in agriculture. Similarly, sustainable development should not undermine the very fabric of the social and economics systems. However, in this case, agriculture relies on ecological system. For this reason, the viability of sustainable growth assessed from the angle of environmental influence. 3.0 Problem Statement 3.1 Overview Many people in the world currently rely on agriculture as a source of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Proposal

Agricultural pollution

.... Ultimately, the consequence of all these is the use of more insecticides, whose end result is none other than agricultural pollution (Increasing Herbicide Use, 2012). Agricultural pollution, if left unchecked and unmanaged, will definitely cause danger to the environment. These chemical fertilizers run off the fields and go into the nearby water systems used for drinking and for washing up. The chemicals in these water systems will generate the blooming of organisms that consume and deplete the oxygen supply of the entire ecosystem. This will not only disrupt the ecosystem but will also definitely kill the fishes and other beneficial aquatic animals that are supposed to...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Sustainable Cities

...in the city and its surrounding. A similar eco-city initiative has been created in Rieselfeld district of Freiburg City. Like in Vauban district, the sustainable city initiative by ensuring that all houses are fitted with alternative sources of energy (Purvis 9). The district is also committed to improving the sewerage disposal, drainage system, as well as reducing the level of pollution. Like, Germany’s city of Freiburg, many other cities in the world are also in the process of implementing initiatives aimed at ensuring that the cities become as sustainable as Freiburg...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Sustainable Enterprise / Monitoring System Assignment

...be achieved” (p.12). In this paper we intend to discuss a few current approaches to the sustainability development, in particular in the enterprise (or institutional) context; to investigate briefly a method of measuring and monitoring organisational sustainability; and to give an example of a sustainability monitoring system for a specific enterprise, namely for Qantas Airlines. Defining sustainability and sustainable development Initially the term “sustainability” came from agriculture and ecology sciences, where it is understood as the “sustainability of natural ecosystems” and is...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Cities

...in the city require educated people to make them work in a systematic way to attain better benefits. SUSTAINABILITY OF CITIES: To satisfy the people around it is important to make a stable city. Peter Newman says that sustainability can only be achieved when the cities are composed as components of nested systems to maintain a balance. Melbourne principles are the set of objectives that explains how to pursue the path of urban stabilization. The first principle he introduces is of vision, this includes the differentiating properties of a city. It is used to improve the quality of interactions and...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Agricultural marketing system

...globally. In the food industry, the key challenge that most people face is lack of adequate food preservation equipment. However, food stuffs are getting more expensive hence high living standards within the same city (Meulenberg, 1995, p. 46). Agricultural marketing system intermediaries In order to come up with genuine work you have to be able to communicate your ideas, through the numerous struggles. Organizations like world food program should be encouraged as they create conducive atmosphere for most of the products. Through proper record keeping the system intermediaries are likely to assist in establishment (Martin, 1991, p. 39). Food retailers The module...
2 Pages(500 words)Term Paper

Agricultural Pollution

...AGRICULTURAL POLLUTION Agricultural pollution Thesis ment Agricultural pollution is caused by farming practices to meet the high demand of the basic need, food. The use of fertilizers and other substances are very harmful to human health. One of the solutions is to use organic fertilizers that release nutrients more slowly. Secondly, use these substances appropriate; avoid excessive use of fertilizers (“Life Of Earth”, 2013). The History of the Problem Agriculture has been known to be the source of environmental pollution since time in memorial. During the 18th C and 19th C, where there were revolutions in industrialization, famers still largely depended on natural...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Sustainable Agricultural System for Cities for FREE!

Contact Us