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Social and Physical Benefits of Parks and Recreation Literature Review Paper - Essay Example

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Conservation of natural resources at the international level is concerned mainly with large ecosystems with considerable biodiversity, or with endangendered animal or vegetable species threatened with extinction. The responsibility falls on national and local governments to…
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Social and Physical Benefits of Parks and Recreation Literature Review Paper
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Download file to see previous pages n areas in cities in the form of parks and recreation spaces are essential because of their social, physical and psychological benefits, besides preserving the natural resources of the locale. There is increasing evidence from research studies that indicates that “the presence of natural areas contributes to increased quality of life in many ways” (Chiesura, 2004, p.129) of city residents.
Urban nature in the form of parks, forests, and green belts, and its components such as trees and water, positively impacts the environment and ecology of a region. It accomplishes “important environmental services such as air and water purification, wind and noise filtering, and microclimate stablilization” (Chiesura, 2004, p.130). Thus, parks promote physical health by providing green spaces and fresh air for exercising and walking, and increase social well-being through opportunities for interacting with neighbors at a shared, common location. The social and psychological services of parks and recreation are vital for the livability of modern cities (Chiesura, 2004). This is reiterated by Gidlof-Gunnarsson and Ohrstrom, 2007) who emphasize on the importance of providing easy access to nearby ‘noise-free’ green areas offering relief from environmental stress such as traffic sounds, and opportunities for rest and relaxation.
Chiesura (2004) examined the significance of parks for citizens’ well being, and for urban sustainability. The author conducted a survey among visitors of an urban park in Amsterdam, to investigate people’s “motives for urban nature, the emotional dimension involved in the experience of nature and its importance for people’s general well being” (Chiesura, 2004, p.129). The results demonstrate that parks and recreation spaces are beneficial services fulfilling human needs of an immaterial and nonconsumptive nature. The positive functions of green areas also extends to reduced fear, fewer incivilities, and lower levels of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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