Free

Arsenic in Groundwater in Eastern New England - Research Proposal Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Arsenic is a chemical substance found in several minerals underground in combination with metals or a pure crystal element (Bundschuh, Bhattacharya & Chandrasekharam, 2005). Eastern New England is one of main areas recording high concentrations of arsenic. For instance, the…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.7% of users find it useful
Arsenic in Groundwater in Eastern New England
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Arsenic in Groundwater in Eastern New England"

Arsenic in Groundwater in Eastern New England Preview and background information Arsenic is a chemical substance found in several minerals underground in combination with metals or a pure crystal element (Bundschuh, Bhattacharya & Chandrasekharam, 2005). Eastern New England is one of main areas recording high concentrations of arsenic. For instance, the concentration is greater than 10microg/L. Despite some benefits associated with the element, it causes some environmental problems. One of the most conspicuous problems is arsenic poisoning of groundwater (Ravenscroff, Brammer & Keith, 2011).
This element occurs naturally thus, released from rock sediments and into the water due to anoxic conditions within the subsurface. In eastern New England, the high concentrations of Arsenic occur in groundwater. Several researches have established that underground water contains arsenic due to bedrock geology (Environmental Science and Technology, 2006). A sample of 790 groundwater test samples from bedrocks within Maine and Augusta revealed that 31 of the samples contain arsenic greater than 10 milligrams per litre.
Analysis of the problem
High amount of geogenic arsenic within subsurface water in eastern New England has generated a lot of public health concern within US and the entire world. With a population of approximately 103, 000 majority of the inhabitant have private wells that supply drinking water. A large proportion of these wells have not complied with the requirement of Maximum Containment Level (MCL), which is 10 μg/L worldwide (De, Belkin & Lima, 2008). This situation increases exposure of the people using water from these wells to arsenic element. In this scenario, anthropogenic activities such as lumbering, use of pesticides and manufacturing contribute immensely to high levels of the element in groundwater (Henke, 2009). The private well owners by not complying with the MCL recommendations contribute to high increase in arsenic in drinking water drawn from the wells. However, drinking water drawn from unconsolidated aquifers contains less concentration of arsenic.
Naturally, unconsolidated sedimentary rocks as well as bedrock aquifers contain arsenic. High concentrations of the chemicals are in glacial, alluvial, and volcanic basins occupied by sedimentary aquifers. In most instances, high concentrations of arsenic in groundwater occur due to geologic units in earth. These include Eliot formation, Berwick Formation, Rangeley Formation, and Ayer granodiorite (De, Belkin & Lima, 2008). Consequently, wells lying on metasedimentary bedrocks in New Hampshire and Maine produce water with the highest concentration of the element. According to large-scale surveys in US, geology is responsible for high increases of arsenic in groundwater. Moreover, water with high pH normally contains a high amount of arsenic (De, Belkin & Lima, 2008). Additional, water with higher pH is attributed to old age thus; most underground water in eastern New England is older compared to other regions.
Implications
High concentration of Arsenic in groundwater is of human health concern. High concentrations of the element in drinking water cause cancer and other related health problems. For instance, an increased level of skin cancer is connected with exposure to arsenic (Naidu, 2006). Cancer is a dangerous disease that kills millions of people worldwide. Therefore, any chemical substance such as arsenic that facilitates the development of cancer to human beings should be discouraged and avoided. Therefore, the Federal government should take necessary steps to ensure that human exposure to arsenic is greatly minimized. With such steps taken, residents of eastern New England would record low rates of cancer attributed to arsenic.
References
Bundschuh, J., Bhattacharya, P., Chandrasekharam, D. (2005). Natural Arsenic in Ground water: Occurrence, Remediation and Management. Leiden: A. A. Balkema Publishers.
De, V. B., Belkin, H. E., & Lima, A. (2008). Environmental geochemistry: Site characterization, data analysis and case histories. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Henke, K. R. (2009). Arsenic: Environmental chemistry, health threats, and waste treatment. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Journal Article in Environmental Science and Technology, (2006), v. 40 (11) pp 3578 - 3585
Modeling the Probability of Arsenic in Groundwater in New England as a Tool for Exposure Assessment. DOI: 10.1021/es051972f
Naidu, R. (2006). Managing arsenic in the environment: From soil to human health. Collingwood, VIC: CSIRO.
Ravenscroff, P., Brammer, H., & Keith, R. (2011). Arsenic Pollution: A Global Synthesis. New Jersey: Wiley- Blackwell. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Arsenic in Groundwater in Eastern New England Research Proposal”, n.d.)
Arsenic in Groundwater in Eastern New England Research Proposal. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1588227-arsenic-in-groundwater-in-eastern-new-england
(Arsenic in Groundwater in Eastern New England Research Proposal)
Arsenic in Groundwater in Eastern New England Research Proposal. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1588227-arsenic-in-groundwater-in-eastern-new-england.
“Arsenic in Groundwater in Eastern New England Research Proposal”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1588227-arsenic-in-groundwater-in-eastern-new-england.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Arsenic in Groundwater in Eastern New England

Unemployment in New England

...are vigorously searching for work usually make an attempt to send resumes, present applications, react to advertisements or some other, different mechanisms of job hunting. Just looking at ads and not reacting is not described as active occupation hunting (Feldstein, p.12). Unemployment in New England New England is the place in the north-eastern corner of America. It encompasses six states. These include Maine, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, as well as Connecticut. This region is bordered by the state of New York, Atlantic Ocean and Canada. As of March 2012, the New...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Chesapeake and New England Colonies

...?Chesapeake and New England Colonies The Englishmen sailed the seas to discover the New World. Unlike the advancing civilization of Europe in the early 18th Century, the New World was still on the highly natural lifestyle, depending mostly on what the American soil has to offer. The Chesapeake region of the New World has its history as early as the Colonial America. It is composed of Virginia, Maryland, South and North New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. The native people of Chesapeake depend highly on their staple food and other products of agriculture such as wheat and corn (Carr 342). It was not until the immigrants came when tobacco was...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

The New England Aquarium

...? Memo-Political and Symbolic Analysis of MEMORANDUM Dr.Mark Light Reason: Introduction The New England Aquarium is one of the most popular and beloved Boston’s institutions. It draws thousands of people every year who come to be entertained by a mixture of aquatic animals. However, despite its success, it has failed to attract some communities because of its color. The institution is regarded as a preserve for wealthy families. Therefore, efforts have been made to make the institution accessible to economical and cultural audience but this has failed particularly among people who love color. The Aquarium has a multi-year diverse plan, which explains where we are at the moment, as well as acknowledges the...
3 Pages(750 words)Case Study

New England

...religious practices at will. Chesapeake settlers came arrived earlier with a view to make quick riches and return to England without involvement in agriculture. The Puritans in New England had come to farm and settle hence emigrated with their families. Their settlements quickly flourished due to large available land left by inhabitants who had been swept by diseases (Jacobs and Mitchel 93). Geography and Settlements Chesapeake, an English colony founded in 1607 by the Virginia Company of London, comprised of Virginia and Maryland. The colony had its economic headstart after a successful tobacco biotechnology by John Rolfe, a scientist cum farmer. The headright system of land ownership...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Arsenic

...Ceria nanoparticles supported on carbon nanotubes for the removal of arsenate from water. Arsenic contamination in ground water has been reported as natural calamity in the 21st century. It is the twentieth most abundant materials found in earth crust. More than 25 countries are facing its deleterious affect on humans by its ground water contamination which also leads to serious medical symptoms. This paper discusses the dangers of arsenate and arsenic in water and also describes the various technologies employed for arsenic removal including the use of nanoparticles. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) emerges as one of the most promising agent to be used with other...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Chloride Contamination on the Groundwater, Soil and Plants

...and the total depth. In practise, the volume to purge can be taken from the spreadsheet with the previous quarter's results in it, unless there has been a significant change in water level. For wells with visible oil and/or chloride levels >50ppm (as indicated by previous results), discharge the bailed water to well site surface drains. Ground water from remaining wells can be discharged directly to the local environment. 7. Record the date and quantity of groundwater bailed. 8. Replace well plug and cover. 9. Dispose of used bailer, to waste management 'duty of care'. 8.2 Procedure for sampling water 8.2.1 Equipments needed for the sampling. Socket brace 1/2 and 9/16 sockets Padlock key Bailing chain Tape...
36 Pages(9000 words)Coursework

Groundwater Hydrology

...Q1. Graphically determine the hydraulic gradient and the groundwater flow direction in the figure below. Assume that each unit square is 10m x 10m. Hydraulic heads in meters above mean sea level (AMSL) are shown in parenthesis next to each well symbol. Answer: Graphical depiction of flow of water and hydraulic gradient. Hydraulic gradient (i) = ∆H/L Assume that well A is at 12m, B is at 11.1 m and Well C is at 10m. While keeping the scale in consideration the following calculations are carried. The hydraulic gradient between A and B is: 12-11.1/60m = 0.015 And hydraulic gradient between B and C is 11.1-10/70m= 0.015 2. (a) What is the Darcy velocity of groundwater in a sand-gravel aquifer (hydraulic...
2 Pages(500 words)Speech or Presentation

Salinity groundwater in eastern province saudi arabia

...Salinity Groundwater in Eastern Province Saudi Arabia Salinity Groundwater in Eastern Province Saudi Arabia Demographics With an area of about 2.15 million km2, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is the largest country in the Arabian Peninsula (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2009). Alkhobar city situates at the eastern province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Abderrahman, n.y). The Eastern province of Saudi Arabia depicts huge development and population growth subject to the enormous oil production in the region. The country situates in the desert where the arid desert dominates the country’s geographical aspect (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2009). As such, the country suffers... from the...
12 Pages(3000 words)Term Paper

The new england workingmen's association

...The New England Workingmens Association Established in 1844, the New England Workingmen’s Association (NEWA) resulted from a convention held in October 1844 (Massachusetts AFL-CIO 1). Prior to the convention, mechanics of Fall River had been experiencing poor working conditions that included 10-hour workdays. As such, the mechanics of Fall River petitioned the Massachusetts legislature for a 10-hour workday in 1842 with immense hope that the legislature will address their plight (Massachusetts AFL-CIO 1). Unfortunately, the Massachusetts legislature ignored their concerns leading to eminent hardships in the Fall River workforce (Massachusetts AFL-CIO 1). However, the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Groundwater pumping

...costs and prices in areas relying on groundwater pumping enhances sustainability and resiliency. Indeed, this will motivate farmers to adopt water management mechanisms (Wichelns, 2010). As such, this fee-based measure will promote management and improvement of groundwater pumping in the agricultural sector thus conserving groundwater for future use. Water agencies can also relate water prices to the changes in groundwater levels, which will allow them to charge higher water prices during drought thus promoting efficient use (Wichelns, 2010). Water agencies can sue the fee-based measure to charge high water prices to new investments relying on...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Proposal on topic Arsenic in Groundwater in Eastern New England for FREE!

Contact Us