Nobody downloaded yet

African activism towards environmental conservation: the Green Belt Movement - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Formed in 1977 on 5th June - the World Environment Day, the Green Belt Movement is a community-based developmental and environmental organisation focused on social mobilization and empowerment that was achieved by organising thousands of women groups who established nurseries, planted indigenous trees on their farms…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.8% of users find it useful
African activism towards environmental conservation: the Green Belt Movement
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "African activism towards environmental conservation: the Green Belt Movement"

Download file to see previous pages Formed in 1977 on 5th June - the World Environment Day, the Green Belt Movement (GBM) is a community based developmental and environmental organisation focused on social mobilization and empowerment that was achieved by organising thousands of women groups who established nurseries, planted indigenous trees on their farmsThe movement is wholly managed by the Kenyans and it deliberately prefers to rely on local capacity, knowledge, wisdom and expertise wherever appropriate (Mathai, p-6). The tree-planting movement, led mostly by women, aims to produce firewood, building materials, and also to slow down desertification. It also works for women's rights, democracy and peace. The movement rallied underprivileged, economically deprived rural women to plant millions of trees to reverse the rampant deforestation of Kenya by a corrupt government. In the process, the women not only acquired fuel, food, shelter which they desperately needed, but they also earned a small fee paid by the Green Belt Movement (GBM) for every seedling that flourished. In nearly three decades, the Green Belt Movement has planted more than 30 million trees and provided jobs for over 1,00,000 people, most of them again, women (Winfrey, 2005).The Green Belt Movement stands for the cause of biodiversity conservation and community empowerment. Since its beginnings, the movement has worked with more than one million children in 3,000 schools to plant trees on school compounds, got more than 50,000 households and small-scale farmers to plant trees on their farms, and produced numerous booklets and films on reforestation issues. The GBM persuaded the local administration to donate a 0.3 acre plot and acquired 8,000 seedlings of various species to begin with; and by 1989 they were handling 35,000 seedlings a year. The seedlings are sold to local farmers, schools or local officials and also to be planted on public land (Jiggins, p.98). In the last ten years, more than seven million trees are recorded as having been planted and being survived. More than 50,000 Kenyan women have been involved in the campaign (UNEP, 2005).

The person behind this movement is a lady of unusual grit and determination. Dr. Mathai's first initiative was the formation of a company named Envirocare Ltd, which was based in the Lang'ata constituency in Kenya. The primary objective of the company was to clean the homesteads of the residents of Lang'ata, and to plant trees wherever necessary. Local people were mobilised for this task, though the response initially was partial. Most of the people who were hired to work were too poor, and so, monetary compensation for work including transportation cost was expected to be borne by the company, which was yet to become financially self sufficient. With such financial liabilities, the company's take-off stage was fraught with difficulties (Mathai, p.12).

In 1975, a sincere effort was made to promote envirocare to potential clients through the "international show" (a forum for showcasing and promoting agricultural and economic goods for local and international clientele). But due to the unorganised nature of the company, which till then did not have any physical address, nor any specific seedling site, the orders generated for seedling during the show could not be processed in a professional way. Only the mailing address could be provided for procurement of seedlings. For obvious reason, these people never contacted envirocare again.

The most formidable drawback faced by envirocare was the resource crunch. The resource that the company had was just enough to stay functional. The company as such had poor support for the cause it upheld so earnestly. The gradual ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“African activism towards environmental conservation: the Green Belt Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(African Activism towards Environmental Conservation: The Green Belt Essay)
“African Activism towards Environmental Conservation: The Green Belt Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF African activism towards environmental conservation: the Green Belt Movement

Environmental Biology and Conservation

...?Introduction African Elephants are some of the most endangered animals in the world today. In the past three decades, the population of the animals has been declining drastically and in some regions, the animals have become extinct. These animals are major targets for poachers who kill them for their ivory, skins and meat. The elephants are particularly killed for their valuable ivory that is used in the manufacture of traditional medicine especially in China and Taiwan and making of game trophies and ornaments. In this respect, the conservation of the animals especially in the African continent has become one of top priorities in order to safeguard their crucial role they play in the ecosystem. Destroying local elephant habitats... to...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Mainstream American environmental movement

...of different races. Rather than culminating into the intended functional marriage of conservation and liberalism, limitations of the environmental reform agenda has led marginalized races, people of color as well as working class Whites to develop alternative agendas related to environmental movements (Rosemarie 83). This paper will analyze the role of race in the American environmental movement, and why environmental groups have had difficulties in building racial diversity in the past. It will further suggest why mainstream American environmental movement has been overwhelmingly white...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Conservation/Conservation Movement

...preservation principles in India, the conservation mindset was soon developed and divulged to different other countries, with the modern world full of conservation groups, agencies and movements, which seek to advance the conservation, preservation and sustainable utilization of the natural resources, in a manner that benefits man, yet without depleting or degrading nature. Consequently, the modern conservation ideology has emerged, which combines social, economic and legal principles towards ensuring the protection of natural resource and the environment (Borrini and Dianne, 53). The modern conservation ideology holds...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Environmental Conservation

...Running head: ENERGY CONSERVATION Energy Conservation of Your ENERGY CONSERVATION The term environment defines what surrounds us. It is a set of natural, social, cultural values, which exists in a given place and point in time and has an influence on the material and psychological life of human beings. Humans require different environmental conditions than other animals in order to exist. The quality of an environment is measured in terms of its capacity to satisfy the needs of living nonliving individuals in an environment. Environmental quality to human beings depends on the degree to which both physiological and psychological needs are met. An environment is made up of resources. Resources refer to existing means of supplying... what is...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

The Green Belt Movement

...The Green Belt Movement The power of an idea is something that cannot be controlled or suppressed, once it is adopted by the people and takes root in their consciousness. As the saying goes, “nothing is more powerful than an idea whose time has come” as said by famous French poet and writer Victor M. Hugo (1802-1885). Further, he said that one can resist an invading army but not an invasion of ideas. When people open up their minds to new ideas, there is nothing that can try to stop them from accomplishing something; the impossible become doable and possible. This is the message of the late Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Wangari Maathai (1940-2011) who started a movement,...
3 Pages(750 words)Admission/Application Essay

Six Sigma Green Belt. Black Belt and Master Belt and differentiations among these three belts

...). They are champions, green belts, black belts, yellow belts, and master or champion belts. This paper will explore the nature of green, black, and master belts including their major differences. Despite the significant success achieved in quality control and implementation within most organizations, the disparity within the belts means rigorous training is required to have a uniform operation. Six Sigma Green Belt Numerous belts abound that are used to measure competence in the field of martial arts. However, the Six Sigma Green Belt is concerned with improvement of critical projects under the supervision within organizations. An improvement on Six Sigma Green Belt automatically qualifies a person to the level of Black Belt... and it is...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Environmental Activism versus Environmental Science

...Environmental Activism versus Environmental Science Introduction The Environment refers to an aggregate of surrounding phenomenon, states of nature, or influences. This may include the sociocultural forces and any other existent external factors around and having a multidirectional effect on a living organism at a point in time. Environmental Activism, also referred to as Environmentalism is a broad social movement with concerns for the preservation, maintenance, protection and improvement of the environment and its health. It advocates for or work towards protecting the natural environment from destruction or pollution by sustaining plant and animal diversity (Berg, Hager & Hassenzahl, 2011). At its apex, environmentalism aims... ). While...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper

Conservation and environmental management

...facility involve direct impacts of ground disturbance and indirect impacts of habitat loss and degradation of the wildlife. Construction activities in these wildlife inhabited areas causes large amount of dust emission while constructing road and other network in the region hence, causing environmental pollution. Mortality of Subterranean animals is directly affected by USSED. Activities involving movement of the motor vehicles entrap and endanger certain species which hibernate underground due to high temperatures in the Southwest American region. Heavy human activities affect factors like the density of soil, infiltration of water into the soil and...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment

Utilitarian conservation or presevation movement

...with the environment and nature. Although it remains a weird challenge for Americans to ensure that conservation of the nature is done, there are tremendous efforts that have helped in reinstating the conservation movements started in the 19th century. The government of the US forest service introduced various laws that prevent individuals from haphazard urbanization and interference with the environments. However, the human unintended interactions with the environment have affected the progression of the movement. Many individuals have backed the movement. This has led to tremendous changes in the environmental...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Utilitarian Conservation or Preservation Movement

...environmental issues that required new strategies of conservation. The age experienced a rise in the number of conservation movements consisting of the federal government, the states and the private sector. Everyone appreciated the value of the wild life and the effects of increased human population and draconian economic activities. Wild life has immense economic value and the population began appreciating this thus the increase in the interests as numerous people sought to conserve the environment. Increase in urbanization presented new set of ecological challenges. These included the rapid loss of the scenic and rural character in the...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic African activism towards environmental conservation: the Green Belt Movement for FREE!

Contact Us