Nobody downloaded yet

Countermeasures to Automobile-Exhaust Pollution - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The world motor vehicle population exceeds 1 billion units at the moment. These vehicles are used for transportation of people and products across various places around the world. As a result, they emit many pollutants. This is attributable to the action of their engines burning fuel to release energy, which is an inefficient process…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.6% of users find it useful
Countermeasures to Automobile-Exhaust Pollution
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Countermeasures to Automobile-Exhaust Pollution"

Download file to see previous pages Pollution from vehicles is a universally acknowledged problem. However, it varies depending on the nation and its population. For example, pollution from cars contributes to between 50 to 90 percent of the total in urban areas. This may not be the same for rural areas. However, motor vehicles still present a disadvantage to the environment and human life. It is, therefore, prudent to develop countermeasures to automobile-exhaust pollution.
Most of the world’s vehicles are operated on conventional hydrocarbons such as diesel and gasoline. By switching to fuel that maintains less pollution, the environmental impact of vehicles can be minimized. An alternative fuel technology that has the potential to meet this challenge is fuel cells. In this technology, hydrogen has maintained the best promise as a candidate to replace petroleum-based fuels. This technology utilizes hydrogen gas to create electricity. This electrical energy is converted to mechanical energy through an electric motor, which makes the wheels of an automobile to rotate. In this process, the emissions developed are pure water, Carbon (IV) Oxide and various oxides of nitrogen. This emissions are attributable to difficulties in storage and commercial production. Despite the release of oxides of carbon and nitrogen into the air, hydrogen fuel cells have a smaller footprint on the environment, when compared to conventional gasoline engines. However, such inefficiencies can be eliminated through use of concrete, as researched by a study at the University of Eindhoven (Yirka npp). The easiest method for manufacturing hydrogen gas at the moment requires mining fossil fuels, which has an environmental impact in its own right. However, new production techniques such as bacteria and biomass waste are expected to become conventional in the coming years. This will reduce the environmental impact of fuel cells, since the technology will lower oxides released into the air (Katsuhiko 3371). A hydrogen fuel cell works by the introduction of hydrogen at the cathode and oxygen at the anode. In the process, water is released out. Anions and cations from the cell are harnessed at the respective terminals, and energy is released. Hydrogen has a high energy content of around 150MJ/Kg or 61,100 BTUs per pound. This exceeds gasoline and its 20,900 BTUs of energy per pound. High energy content implies that less fuel is required to maintain the same amount of power in engines, or to travel the same distances. Similarly, it has a higher efficiency when used in combustion engines. Advanced hybrid engines such as that of the Prius maintain an efficiency of about 40% (Potera 38). However, hydrogen has an efficiency of about 75% when used as the lone source of fuel. This efficiency means that greater distances can be covered with less consumption of energy. However, introduction of additional hydrogen fuel cell cars has been hampered by infrastructural issues. There are limited facilities that allow fuelling to conventional commuters within their localities (Katsuhiko 3369). There are many electric cars (EVs) on modern roads. Examples may be seen from Tesla’s roadster and the Nissan Leaf car. These vehicles release virtually no emissions to the environment, therefore are a solution to automobile-exhaust problems. This is attributable to their engines, which do not burn fossil fuels in order to release energy. Electric cars use sets of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Countermeasures to Automobile-Exhaust Pollution Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1495595-countermeasures-to-automobile-exhaust-pollution
(Countermeasures to Automobile-Exhaust Pollution Research Paper)
https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1495595-countermeasures-to-automobile-exhaust-pollution.
“Countermeasures to Automobile-Exhaust Pollution Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1495595-countermeasures-to-automobile-exhaust-pollution.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Countermeasures to Automobile-Exhaust Pollution

Pollution

...?Pollution Pollution is caused when air, water or soil gets contaminated by discharge of harmful substances. Pollution causes imbalance in the ecosystem by causing harm and discomfort to living organisms. Pollution can be prevented if resources like raw materials, water and energy are utilized in proper way and harmful materials are substituted by materials which are less hazardous (“What is Pollution Prevention”, n.d.). By steps taken for eliminating toxic substances from production process and by diminishing production of harmful materials people can safeguard the environment and human health. Different forms of pollution Air...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

IT Security Threats and Countermeasures

...IT Security Threats and Countermeasures Introduction The technological advancement has leaped mankind to another level in terms of communication, business processes, acquisition of knowledge, management etc. The invention of internet has made the whole world come closer on the same platform. The emergence of e-learning has replaced the conventional forms of educational practices with online modes of acquisition of education and collaboration. The field of business has benefitted from the introduction of e-commerce and information management systems. Alongside all the advantages of IT, there exists an appalling consequence that compels the organizations to invest hefty amounts- IT security threats. This paper shall...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Urban air pollution and the automobile

...xxxx English   Topic: Urban Air Pollution and the Automobile 09 April, I-Introduction The atmosphere of the earth is a thin cover composed of different gases and water vapors and is a great blessing for mankind as it surrounds the whole earth and sustains the human life on this planet. The vertical thickness and density of the atmosphere depends upon different ecosystems. The atmosphere along with its different ecosystems plays a significant role to maintain the overall planet’s temperature and in provision of coal, oil, food crops, and drinking water to human society. Man has exploited endlessly the available resources and has always assumed that they are inexhaustible. Today human has realized that he...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Seatbelt and Exhaust System Defects

...Fujio Cho, Chairman and Representative Director February 8, 2009 Seatbelt and exhaust system defect Introduction: Seatbelt and/or exhaust system defects were found in three car models: Vitz (or Yaris as it is called in the US market), Belta and Ractis. Complaints from japan have been reported, one of then indicated that the defect on the seatbelt had been assumed to have caused a fire. No accidents were reported in Japan about the exhaust-gas recirculation (ERG) pipe though. Finding defects on auto parts after release is inevitable but since the cars concerned were made from 2005 to 2007, the delay of the discovery indicates a big problem. Problem Statement: The memo is dedicated to...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Automobile

...Automobiles With their high-performance automobiles, BMW and Chrysler are two of the most prominent and trusted automobile manufacturers in the world. This paper intends to describe and compare a number of their product line in 2006 series. One of BMW’s economy models is the M3. This car is powered by a 3.2-liter in-line 6-cylinder engine that produces around 333 horsepower at 7,900 revolutions per minute (rpm). The fuel consumption of this car is about 23 miles per gallon (mpg) for highway cycle and 16 mpg for city driving. This sedan model comes with an air conditioning with climate control, audio anti-theft protection, smart card or smart key manual with central locking, and...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Pollution

...Pollution Introduction Pollution refers to the contamination in our environment i.e. land and soil, water and air. When dirt, chemicals or any other harmful elements become a part of our world they make everything polluted. There is a fourth type of pollution that refers to radioactive pollutants and it stems from the varying energy plants and weapon plants that use radioactive material which doesn’t just harm the humans it comes into contact with but also the environment. Pollution can kill and destroy our ecology along with many plant and animal life. Critics blame carelessness and think that the environment can be saved if people try...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Pollution

...Pollution in Red Sea and its consequences Marwa sarfraz Introduction Red Sea is an enormous body of water which is almost completely locked and this locking connects it with many countries and regions. In the ancient times, when many parts of the world were still undiscovered, Far East, which is now Middle East, remained secluded from Europe because there were no water ways and water navigation was the only method of communication. In 19th century, the building of Suez Canal brought about a radical change and Red Sea was now connected with Mediterranean and consequently to Europe. This connection has increased the importance of Red Sea a hundred folds. “Total six percent of maritime transport of the world is done through...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Pollution

...Pollution Contents Contents 2 2 Habitat of the Polar Bears 3 Population of Polar Bears 4 Extinction or Scare Mongering 6 Other Instances on the “News” of Extinction 7 References 9 Habitat of the Polar Bears The Polar Bears are adapted to dwell in areas like Sea Islands, ice, continental coastlines and water. This mammal species is stated to float by the side of Arctic with the help of huge portions of floating or suspended ice for their usual activities like seal hunting, searching for mates and preparing themselves for the harsh season of winter. The Polar Bears have a preference for habitation on the sea ice along with polynyas and leads that are usually adjacent to continental islands as well as coastlines. Leads are...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Automobile Accidents

...Automobile Accidents Introduction According to the WHO (World Health Organization), more than 1.17 million demises take place throughout the world each year because of automobile accidents. They have further stated that out of the total number of death caused due to automobile accidents, 70% are witnessed in developing nations (Universiti Sains Malaysia 2004). The rate of automobile accidents throughout US and European nations is even quite high. Various researchers have figured out humongous amount of reasons due to which these accidents are caused. These accidents take place due to both internal and external reasons. Automobile drivers and other...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Pollution

...Pollution of Learning Types of pollution Air pollution This refers to the accumulation of gases, radiations and solid particles in the air in sufficient amount that can cause harm or endanger living organisms. Air pollution occurs as a result of emission of hydrocarbons, oxides of carbon, oxides of nitrogen, sulfur dioxides, particulates and nuclear waste in the air. The bulk of these air pollutants emanates from automobiles, burning of fossil fuels, nuclear and industrial activities (Hill, 2010). Air pollution has been linked to global warming, respiratory diseases, lung cancer and damage to major organs by heavy metals such as lead. Some examples of air pollution include: Tobacco smoke - This is commonly found in the urban areas... ...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Countermeasures to Automobile-Exhaust Pollution for FREE!

Contact Us