Name: Course: College: Tutor: Date: Contents Contents 1 Introduction 2 Background Information 2 Threats to Tropical Forests 4 Discriminatory Plant Extraction 4 Selective Animal Removal 5 Biological Invasions 5 Fragmentation 5 Climate Change 6 Potential Threat Mitigation Measures 6 Conclusion 7 Threats to the Tropical Rainforest Introduction The threat posed by diverse aspects to tropical forests has often been measured on the basis of the extent of deforestation and the area remaining under plant cover…
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The potential impact of these threats on biodiversity of tropical forest is difficult to assess, due to the fact that the threats could be interlinked and each precipitates either direct or indirect effects. Regardless of the uncertainties associated with threat evaluation and impact assessment, the fact that these forests are subject to radical ecological changes, hence degradation is indubitable. For these reasons, it is imperative for conservationists and the global populations, to monitor, comprehend, and prevent the negative impact of these threats at all costs. Background Information Most studies in Earth systems reveal the fact that Tropical rainforests represent one of the World’s oldest and uninterrupted ecosystems. For instance, fossil records indicate that South-east Asia’s humid forests have been in existence for between 70 and 100 million years, without much alteration to their original form. Tropical rainforests make up some of the world’s haven for species, since they could have more than 1000 different species within an area of one square kilometer (km2). This is a very large proportion of both floral and faunal species, in comparison to that found in temperate forests, which harbor a meager 100 species within a similar spatial area. Tropical rainforests cover an estimated 2% area of Earth’s surface, which amounts to approximately 2000 million hectares (Ha). These forests get their name “Tropical” from their location within the tropics, that is, the Tropic of Capricorn about 23 degrees south and the Tropic of Cancer about 23 degrees north of the Equator (Primack and Corlett 15). Given the strategic location of Tropical rainforests within the tropics, they span across most of the world’s continents, including Africa, Asia, Northern Australia, and South America. These forests are also found in many of the tropical islands within these areas (Wright 554-555). The Amazon Rainforest is the largest of the Tropical rainforests in the world. Found in South America, the Amazon forest covers eight nations including Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Guyana, Peru, Venezuela, Suriname and Ecuador. This huge forest covers a 2 million square miles area. Studies have shown that Tropical rainforests play a significant role in regulating local, as well as, global climatic conditions, in addition to regulating the crucial carbon cycle. The forests regulate the carbon cycle by absorbing and storing large amounts of carbon, while releasing much needed oxygen to the environment. This happens when the vast number of plants takes up carbon during photosynthesis, thus incorporating it into stored biomass. Even though there is no agreement as to whether preserved rainforests constitute the principal sink or source of carbon, negative influences of excessive deforestation are clearly known. Additionally, the role of deforestation in negating the carbon cycle is indubitable (Fearnside 681). Over the last several years, discussions regarding the links between forests’
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Tropical Rainforest. Tropical rainforests extending from 23.5N to 23.5S inhabit a great diversity of plants and animal, fungi and microbes and other species. Although this area has poor soil but still it is the most productive ecosystem of this planet. This part of the earth has higher level of biodiversity than any other part of the earth.
Among the consequences of logging, is the continued global warming and climate change that threatens the very foundations of human life. While some proponents may articulate that logging has positive effects both to the society and to nature, the effects of logging have been adverse.
It is situated in the western portion of Sumatra. All of these sites are distinct from each other in terms of the ecological properties and the typology of the ecosystem that they support. The northern province of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam has the Gunung Leuser National Park, the south-central portion of Sumatra has the Kerinci Sablat Park and the far southern part has the presence of Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park (Marshall, Jones & Wrangham, 2010).
Therefore, environmental analysis is required to analyze the impact of the aforementioned factors on an organization. It should be noted that firms that carry out systematic analysis and diagnosis on the environment are more effective than those that do not analyze the environment (Jain, Trehan and Trehan 21).
In certain villages of Zaire and Angola, trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness) affects 70-80% of inhabitants. Leprosy is synonymous with stigma, and new treatment regimens offer hope that it will soon be controlled. But it still afflicts between one and two million people in the world, mostly in Asia, Africa, and Latin America.
The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. It occupies nearly 6 million square kilometers and is located in the Amazon basin of South America; two-thirds of the rainforest lies in Brazil while the balance one-third is spread over Peru, Bolivia, Guyana, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Suriname and French Guiana.
The author states that South America lost the most number of hectares to deforestation. From 1990 – 2000, the region has lost more than 3,500 hectares per year. Deforestation slowed down between 2000 – 2005. This meant that population has grown and urbanization has sped the deforestation. Asian region suffers 2,500 hectares deforested per year.
First of all, human encroachment or over exploitation of natural resources without considering its importance in the sustenance of living things is the most important threat faced by global forests. The efforts
inancial value for the carbon stored in forests and offering incentives for developing countries to enhance removal of greenhouse gases through a variety of forest management options. This paper will discuss the challenges of REDD+ opportunities and implementation in the Gola
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