SUMMARIZE THE ACTIVITIES OF CLEARCUTTING AND IDENTIFY THE IMPACTS OF THIS ACTIVITY ON : LAND, BIODIVERSITY, WATER AND HUMAN LIFE - Assignment Example

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Impact of Clearcutting Name of the Student Environmental Studies Name of the Concerned Professor 5 February 2013 Introduction Clearcutting happens to be a standardized method of regenerating and harvesting trees in a forest. In this method of managing timber, all the trees in a forest are cut, to grow, retain and maintain an even aged lot of trees (Kemp 331)…
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SUMMARIZE THE ACTIVITIES OF CLEARCUTTING AND IDENTIFY THE IMPACTS OF THIS ACTIVITY ON : LAND, BIODIVERSITY, WATER AND HUMAN LIFE
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Download file to see previous pages Impact of Clearcutting on Land and Environment As per the opinion of many environmental groups, clearcutting stands to be one of the major contributors to global warming (Johansen 199). While clearcutting, when the trees are cut down, their stumps, branches and leaves are left on the forest land, where they naturally decompose and release much carbon-dioxide that immensely contributes to global warming (Quindlen 76). This problem is many times augmented by the commensurate processing activities of the saw mills. Of the wood availed by clearcutting, the saw mills are able to process only a segment of this wood into usable timber, and much of this wood gets wasted as sawdust and scraps that further decomposes to release carbon-dioxide. The net impact of clearcutting is that it leads to the release of many greenhouse gases into the environment (Quindlen 76). Besides, it has been seen that the timber companies after clearcutting a forest happen to burn the residual scrub, twigs and leaves, thereby directly polluting the environment with much particulate matter. Impact of Clearcutting on Water Clearcutting has a direct negative impact on the water cycles (Killingworth & Palmer 33). Eventually it is the trees and their roots that hold and retain water in the soil. When these trees are cut en masse, the possibility of flooding of water and the top soil increases manifold. When it rains, owing to the clearcutting of forest tracts and the consequent absence of sponge like retaining influence of tress and their roots, the water flows down to the rivers carrying with it the fertile top soil (Killingworth & Palmer 33). The flow of nutrient rich soil to the sea also leads to an undesirable influence on the eco system in the seas. This may also give way to the flooding of adjacent urban areas, causing damage to human life and property. Impact of Clearcutting on Biodiversity Clear cutting leads to the en masse annihilation of forest tracts that leads to the complete annihilation of the delicate ecosystem in these areas. That way clearcutting not only pushes out and stresses the entire wildlife and plant life residing in such areas, but also makes these tracts of forest more vulnerable to destruction by floods, acid rain, plant and animal disease and winds (Eaton 32). This is the direct evil influence of clearcutting on biodiversity. Clearcutting also indirectly mars the biodiversity. For instance much aquatic life around the land tracts subjected to clearcutting may depend on the nutrients and raw materials brought by the water flowing through these forests (Eaton 32). Clearcutting, by destroying these forest areas in a way indirectly leads to the devastation of such affiliated aquatic ecosystems (Eaton 32). In addition, clearcutting deprives the land mass and water bodies of the shade provided by the trees, thereby leading to a rise in the temperature of such land and water bodies, causing extinction of many plant species, insects, amphibians and fishes (Johansen 199). The excess of nutrients flowing into the sea owing to clearcutting also causes many problems for the marine life far away (Eaton ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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