The Use of Underground Resources: a Diagnostic Feature of the Anthropocene - Research Paper Example

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The Use of Underground Resources: A Diagnostic Feature of the Anthropocene Name: Institution: The Use of Underground Resources: A Diagnostic Feature of the Anthropocene Introduction The anthropocene epic has become a reality in almost every segment of the universe…
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The Use of Underground Resources: a Diagnostic Feature of the Anthropocene
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Download file to see previous pages These are exemplified in building and construction, infrastructural developments as well as mineralogy. Human activity with regard to the anthropocene era has been shown to interfere with almost every aspect of the environment. Within the earth’s lithosphere, a clear series of subsidence movement has been observed in areas close to abandoned mines. Also, earthquakes have occurred at alarming rates even in regions that were not prone to earthquakes. Within the hydrosphere, the impact of mining has led to sedimentation flux along rivers and oceans. The pathways have undergone morphological adjustments and the homeostasis in these hydrological features has significantly changed. In the atmosphere, the impact has led to the emission of toxic substances that continue to cause serious climatic change. Within the biosphere, the activity has led to the altering of established ecological niches (Zalasiewicz, Williams, Haywood & Ellis 2011). A number of mining areas and basins have been used as anthroposystems. In such progressive systems, there is a correlation between human and natural factors. Chemical and physical impacts have led to the scattering of the soil on the surfaces. Additionally, underground surfaces are affected by these exploitations which continue even after the termination of the concessions. Physical destruction is evident by the collapse of the mining walls, artificial openings and subsidence motion. On the surface of the sites, gravity movements are caused periodically by the lagging composites and decantation basins. Such unprecedented motions are also responsible for deterioration of the landscape and in some incidences coal emissions. On the other hand, chemical impacts due to mining may lead to serious damages. The chemicals and toxic elements are carried by rain water into hydrological pathways. Chemical processes of alkalization, acidification, and oxidation may lead to the so called sulphur rain. The toxic metalloids can gain entry into the sea water and nearby streams hence poisoning to aquatic life. Consequently, the feeding on these life forms by humans may lead to deaths. There is bioaccumulation of these toxic substances along the food chain. Other hazardous dangers are exemplified in the inhalation of toxic gaseous substances from the mine fields. The incidence of asbestos encounter in the mine fields exposes the workers to cancer. This is because asbestos are potent carcinogenic substances. Therefore, it is imperative that mining sites should be closed in accordance with an integrated approach. The multi-facieted mechanism should put into consideration factors such as the interest of the nearby dwellers and global restructuring issues. Based on commercial, socio-economic and industrial factors, the restoration of mining sites should aim at preserving the flora and fauna of the setting. Restoration techniques are diverse and include phytoremediation, electro kinetic water treatment and reshaping in terms of morphology (Zalasiewicz, Williams, Haywood & Ellis 2011). Literature Review The extent of human pressure on the earth since the nineteenth century has been a major focus for scientist. Anthropogenic global adjustment has formed central focus to both geologists and scientists. These anthropogenic changes affect the land, biosphere, climate as well as the oceans. This has led to the emergence of the term anthropocene. As a new concept, this term is defined as the new geological era. It remains a widely debated area among geologists. Matters ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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