Nobody downloaded yet

Economic race and gander - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Economic race and gander In this paper, I have summarised the chapters 10, 11 and 12 from the book "The economics of women, men and work" sixth edition by Francine D.Balu, Marianne A. Ferber and Anne E. Winkler. The 10th chapter is title as “Changing work roles and the family” which examines trends in marriage which says higher male earnings increase the gains to specialization and hence likelihood of marriage…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.1% of users find it useful
Economic race and gander
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Economic race and gander"

Download file to see previous pages Other concern is whether they can fully rely on or trust their partners. Divorce rates were going up. Religious beliefs and broad social attitude were also among the reasons. The main reason for divorce is financial instability and insecurity of future etc., Unanticipated events, sudden job loss and liberalized state divorce loss were also reasons for increased rate of divorces. The divorce rates stood at 2.2 divorces per thousand population in 1960 and increased to 3.5 to 5.2 divorces per thousand population in 1980. Births to unmarried mothers is also on the raise because of economic independence and social security available to mothers. Co-habitation or living together has been accepted by the society. Individuals who never married co-habit prior to first marriage or after they have been divorced. Co-habitation often ends in marriage or breakup. Co-habitation between gay and lesbian couples are also on the increase. Whether to have children or how many to have is decided on the economic opportunities. The changing economic opportunities affect the fertility decisions. As the women's wage raises the opportunity cost of the time they spend with children also increases. However, the preoccupation with their employment and social activities force them to postpone the pregnancies. The fertility rate at the year 1955 was much higher compared to the year 1955 was much higher compared to the year 1974. However, because of economic independence and better opportunities in employment there were marked increases in fertility rate of unmarried mothers starting in 1970s from 11 percent of all births to 28 percent in 1990. At 2005, 37 percent all births in US were to unmarried women. Dual earner families increase from 45 to 58 percent of all married couple families. Dual earner family or female headed family became more common rapidly replacing the traditional married couple family or the breadwinner husband and home-maker wife. Dual earner earns more income on average than the single earner family. However, the maternal employment during first year of the child may negatively affect children's cognitive developments. The specific finding about single parent family report that the children raised by single parent have a higher high-school drop out and higher rate of teen births than those raised by double parent family. Chapter 11 titled as "Polices affecting paid work and the family" focus on polices to alleviate poverty, government tax policies etc., This chapter examines major changes that occurred during last few years in the US welfare system. The expansion of EITC has played an important role in reducing poverty. In contracts to many tax credits which can benefit only households with income high enough to pay taxes in EITC the refundable feature of tax credit means that government provides a refund if the amount of the credit exceeds tax owed. The EITC transfers income to low income household. The employment outlook for welfare recipients tends to be especially bleak because as a rule they have little education and fewer job skills. Following the effects in developing countries such as Grameen Bank in Bangladesh micro enterprises assistance programs have been developed in US funded by government and private foundations. Child support award for never married mothers continue to raise children under age 15 may receive federally funded health care ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Economic race and gander Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Economic Race and Gander Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Economic Race and Gander Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Economic race and gander

Economic of race and gender

...Economic Of Race and Gender Introduction Globalization has created and maintained the growth of informal sector in most developing countries especially in Africa (Antoni & Beaten 79). These has resulted into most jobs being available only in the agricultural sector and tertiary industry that only provide poor conditions of work which includes low pay, poor health conditions and the safety of the worker is not guaranteed. Most developing countries have efficient and effective labor market but lack the machinery to carry out specific duties hence resort to using human labor for almost all economic activities (Antoni & Beaten 87). Women in particular cannot manage to perform these jobs and...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Economic Race and Gender

...?Economic Race and Gender The Economy explains that “Labor market discrimination may take the form of different wage rates for equally productive workers with different personal characteristics (such as race, sex, age, religion, nationality, or education).” The three chapters of the book, chapters five, six and seen lay more emphasis on discrepancies and differences associated with various occupational earnings between males and females. Fairness among both sexes in economic terms and with reference to occupational responsibilities has been of great concern to many writers and reviewers. As a matter of fact, nations and governments have taken over the issue and...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay


...Race The concepts of the history of race, as highlighted by Ember, Peregrine, and Ember, varied over time and across cultures and were controversial for scientific, political, and social reasons (Ember, Ember, & Peregrine 20). Until the onset of the 19th century, most people thought of race as a constituent of distinct and immutable type or, particularly, a species that shared racial characteristics like mental capacities, temperament, and body constitution. An example of these concepts is that of the Christian Western Europe which conceived that races constituted of a hierarchical life chain referred to as the Great Chain of Being. Beliefs surrounding this concept...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Race and Race Theory

... to different types of human bodies” (Winant, 172). There is a continuous inclination to regard race as an essence that is concrete and objective. There is also a contrasting view of the non-racist society that race is merely an illusion created purely by some ideologists. It was with the growth of political economy in the global arena and the advent of seaborne empire that race began to take a concrete shape. During economic crisis it is often the ethnic minorities who endure discriminations in the labour market. They even have limited access to proper education and health care facilities and this happens even during economic well-being although to a lesser extent. Although racial prejudices exist all over the world, the racial... ...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Gander and society

... October 23rd Gender Maturity Disparity in Society Studies have shown that females mature faster than males in numerous aspects of life, in which the males are usually at a disadvantage in relation to development. In the early age, men are always seen to mature at a slow pace compared to their female age mates, however, emotionally they mature earlier than women do; as a result, I will highlight the differences in emotional maturity across genders focusing on the disparity in emotional maturity in the society. Females mature earlier compared to males is a fact that faces refute on so many levels in modern society and is a true statement. This is seen by then desire women show for older men in relationships and life. This is just... October...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay


... Race Manhood is a term used to refer to the masculine qualities such as courage and determination that are associated with a male adult. Manhood is a gender stratification used to differentiate between the male and the female gender by the society. It is more prevalent in the patriarchal system which is created in order to give males a higher status in the society and to make females the substitutes. Femininity is a term used by society to refer to the female portion of the society for having qualities such as subordination and submission towards elites such as the male gender. Femininity is especially differentiated by masculinity in the means of their beauty and is seen as elements that help satisfy the masculine desire for sex... not...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment


...Given Olson’s argument that biology alone can no longer serve as the basis for race, how do we explain the persistence of race and ethni Use Savan and Olson in articulating your response to this question. Introduction The biological basis of race can no longer be taken as the sole differentiator of people found in any location is the proposition put forward by Steve Olsen in his book “The End of Race: Hawaii and the mixing of people”. If we take this proposition of Olson as true then there has to be an explanation for the continued differences in society on the basis of race and ethnicity that are a common occurrence. The Consequence of the Mixing of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Economic of Race and Gender

...ECONOMICS OF RACE AND GENDER Diversity and diversity practices have become more prevalent not only in the US economic system but also in other societies for a variety of reasons. Diversity research has a long and close relationship with the legal and social policy community. For instance, in the United States, the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and additional legislation to protect older workers (Age Discrimination in Employment Act, 1967) and those with disabilities (Americans with Disabilities Act, 1990) have helped define diversity through the establishment of protected classes (e.g., race, sex, national origin). Although such legislation was needed to...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay


...human being by demonstrating inequality. Overall, racial discrimination is clearly still a large problem in society today. It hinders both economic and social growth by allowing racist views to disrupt the forward motion of life. Now, one thing of note is that this social experiment took place in 1991. One could only hope that if such an experiment were to be conducted today, that people would offer less discrimination and would treat people equally, irrespective of the color of their skin. It’s sickening that race is still even a topic of discussion in today’s world because truly, every man and woman (black, white, mixed or otherwise) are part of the human race and should be treated...
2 Pages(500 words)Movie Review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Economic race and gander for FREE!

Contact Us