Nobody downloaded yet

Histroy 101 Western Civ - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Name Professor Subject Date Democratic Ideals in Athenian Philosophy, Culture And Art Athens is best known in history as the bastion of democratic ideals, especially during the Middle Ages. Although its brilliant history is fraught with wars against internal and external invaders, it has greatly contributed to mankind many of its democratic ideals…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97% of users find it useful
Histroy 101 Western Civ
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Histroy 101 Western Civ"

Download file to see previous pages Athens as a democratic state was much emphasized during the 4th century BC although many historical documents have shown that democracy as a way of life was very much practiced as early as 5 B.C. The word Demos connotes two important things for Athenians- “village” and “people”. Village was the smallest unit of government at that time. People belonged to a certain village; in fact, men who are at least 18 years of age could participate in the Assembly. The Assembly was attended by anyone from the village that wants to have their voice heard. This included Demosthenes who tirelessly rebukes citizens to recall certain events since the people were always present in such Assembly (Blackwell, 2003, p6). It was of grave importance to always attend to the concerns being discussed during the said meeting. The characteristics of such a meeting showed the democratic ideals of Athens. First, anyone can speak regardless of trade or position in society, especially if the issue at hand is about governance. For other concerns that needed specialized knowledge, a craftsman is called forth to shed opinion on such matters (Blackwell, p7). These rules during an assembly imply that democracy was highly-valued and actively practiced. Democracy is not just a lofty ideal since it was practiced by the citizens. The assembly just shows how wealth is considered inferior to the democratic rights of its citizens (Lewis and Lewis,p.219). The practice of democracy was further heightened by Pericles during 460 B.C. Previously, public officials were appointed based on wealth or birth status. Such criteria for public office were promulgated by Solon or Cleisthenes. Pericles made the selection more democratic by allowing patrons to represent slaves and resident aliens, which is referred to as equality of opportunity. Although such practice earned criticism of historians since they believed it promoted “aristocracy”, the important to consider was the fact that representatives were chosen based on merit. Merit does not include wealth nor birth status which allowed men from all walks of life to have a say in matters of the state. This philosophy of Pericles is again an example of how democratic ideals permeated the political structure and governance of Athens. Interestingly, art became a willing medium of democratic ideals for this civilization. The assembly provided enough fodder for playwrights to create plays that can be considered political satire. In the same manner, the epic Iliad which is a gory depiction of battles is also said to have an underlying tone of political satire. According to Stewart, The Battle Between Frogs and The Mice is actually a satire with a pacifist theme. Again, the relevance of political satire when it comes to democratic ideals is that such art forms express how vigilant Athenians are over issues that concern their homeland. Pacifism is a philosophy adhered to by Athenians for they were not men of war like Spartans. Although critics may disagree with such stand, this emphasizes to students of history that this society respected the opinion of its citizens. Lastly, the choir setting in Greek plays also demonstrates the ideals of democracy in Athens. Studies relating performing arts assert that “Performance reflects, encodes cultural models” (Goldhill and Osborne, 27). Democracy is expressed by the choir’ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Histroy 101 Western Civ Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1427469-histroy
(Histroy 101 Western Civ Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1427469-histroy.
“Histroy 101 Western Civ Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1427469-histroy.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Histroy 101 Western Civ

Histroy 101 Western Civ

...? History 101 Western Civ The Persian Wars (499-479 BC) were fought between the Greek s and the Persians. Within this scenario, the relationship between Athens and the other Greek city states is noteworthy and the foretold war helped the Greek city-states to be united under Athens and to fight against external invasion. Besides, the Persian wars ignited hatred and jealousy among the Spartans and eventually led to the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) and the decline of Athens as the strongest city state among the Greek city states. Thesis statement: The Persian Wars united the Greek city-states, but eventually led to the Peloponnesian War and the decline of Athens and the Greek city-states...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Low risk 4 histroy Western Civ

...Sur Western Civilization In MLA STYLE Sur 2 What dilemmas faced a Roman slave owner? How harsh could he be intreating the slave? How is control maintained? Slavery had been the major source of economic power of Rome for centuries until it ended after the downfall of the Roman Empire due to their dependency on slaves. Average wealthy freemen owned 400 slaves and filthy rich owners owned 10,000 – 20,000 slaves. (Wiedemann, 78) This resulted owners to paying high taxes due to their successful businesses. Smart owners knew how to take care of their slaves since they didn’t come cheap, especially the good ones. In effect, taking care of slaves wasn’t easy and due to numerous advantages of owning slaves, owners needed to keep them safe... and...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

History Western Civ

...to the faith that pilgrimages, like the essence of penance, is able to purify or atone one of all the present iniquities once a passionate journey to Jerusalem is successfully carried out. In the absence of pilgrimage, it would be difficult for Christians to claim authority and possession of a certain region thus, crusade was necessitated to intervene and cease oppression and persecution of Christians by Muslims who took extensive yet unjust control of Jerusalem. Besides this ground, the possible reunification of the Eastern and the Western churches was also sought during the military exploits set against the Turkish invasion of the East since the decline of the Byzantine Empire and much of Asia Minor fell into the hands...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Western civ (Greeks Vs, Hebrews)

...(Blainey). The achievements of various Athenians such as Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Herodotus, Thucydides, Hippocrates, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle among others laid the foundation for the modern Western civilization. The move to democracy strengthened the Greek quest for knowledge. Furthermore, the Greeks had managed to disassociate divinity with exploration of things around them. Even after Athens was subsumed into the larger Greek civilization, the traditions of learning and development continued unabated. The epistemological drive of the Greeks led to developments in science, architecture, law, philosophy, commerce and numerous other fields. A rich scientific tradition can be traced back to the Greeks with...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Histroy

...Empire 235 and 284. The turmoil was because the office of the emperor that had led the Roman Empire to dominance in the Mediterranean was now not able to cope with emerging threats as there was competition for the throne among generals leaving room for invaders craving for land to tear through the border and rein havoc (Levack, Munir Veldman 203). During this period however, calm came back to the empire and stability reinstated by Emperor Diocletian through radical administrative and social reforms. It these very reforms initiated by Diocletian that were upheld by Constantine the Great and peace prevailed. 2. What were the different fates of the two halves of the Roman Empire, and how did Justinian reorganize the...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

HIS-102-Western Civ Post 1689

... Political Systems Political systems play a fundamental role in the society. Different countriespractice different forms of governance depending on the actual operational system. Parliamentary monarchy and political absolutism are some of the political systems observed across the globe (Witmer 16). Parliamentary monarchy encompasses a form of governance where the ruler is not directly involved in the day-to-day operations of the government. In this system, the monarch is either elective or hereditary. Policy development and governmental activities are left to the cabinet or the head of legislature. It is also important to note that parliamentary monarchy is bound to constructional provisions of the state, but there are power... Political...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Histroy

... Henry IV versus Gregory VII Gregory VII and Henry IV had conflicting about investiture by the church. While Gregory VII supported it, Henry IV opposed it. Henry IV installed his own man as the bishop despite the decree given by George VII that such an investiture should be given by the church and not any one from the clergy. George had suggested that anyone from the clergy who appoints his own bishop should be excommunicated, so he excommunicated Henry IV when he appointed his own man to become bishop (Ernest 391) . Later, Henry IV apologized and his excommunication was lifted. However, this was too late because the German Nobles appointed Rudolph to take his place. Henry IV killed Rudolph and this increased the conflict between... Henry IV...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Western Civ

...SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ELEMENTS AND DEVELOPMENTS (FROM 1780 TO 1840) WHICH HELPED INDUSTRIALIZATION TO BEGIN IN BRITAIN THAN IN OTHER PLACES IN EUROPE Industrial Revolution refers to the changes in economic and social organization that began in about 1760 in England and later spread in other countries, characterized by the replacement of hand tools with power-driven machines, such as the power loom and steam engine, and by the concentration of industry in large establishments. The question therefore is, “Why did industrialization begin in England (Britain) and not other countries?” This essay therefore wishes to discuss the social and economic elements and developments which helped industrialization to begin in Britain... AND ECONOMIC ELEMENTS...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Western Civ

...several social and political reasons that led to the rise of imperialism. The colonizers were interested in introduction of Christianity in such colonies. Therefore, the missionaries spread Christianity in those colonies and tried to convert the people who were majorly having traditional faiths and beliefs (Canterbury, 2010). In addition, there was need for sharing the western civilization. This gave rise to the New Imperialism. Politically, the colonizers wanted bases for their military ships. This also contributed towards the rise of New Imperialism. The United States was involved in New Imperialism in several ways. The US contributed towards educating the less developed nations as well as its people on a number of...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Western Civ

...The Rise of Fascism and Nazi Ideology in Germany al Affiliation The Rise of Fascism and Nazi Ideology in Germany Fascism refers to a very harsh form of governance. It is a form of governance whereby the government is ruled by a dictator. In this perspective, the government organizes the society in such a manner that it governs as well as controls the citizens in such a manner that they are not allowed to object any government order (De, 2004). Fascism was majorly evident in Germany. This followed the World War I where Germany gotten engaged and faced several challenges involving massive deaths of its citizens, loss of money, destruction of property as well as political humiliations following the defeat. Fascism forms... Rise of Fascism and...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Histroy 101 Western Civ for FREE!

Contact Us