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Personality - Essay Example

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Personality? The journal article entitled; ‘Imaging the developing brain: what have we learned about cognitive development?’ by B.J. Casey et al provides a detailed narrative about various changes take place in human brain in both its structural architecture and functional organizations…
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Download file to see previous pages Summary of the journal article The article begins with a brief introduction about the process of cognitive development and the changes happened in human brain anatomy and psychology across childhood and adolescence. It illustrates about different areas development process like neuro-anatomical development of the human brain, functional organization of the developing human brain, development of human brain connectivity, performance differences versus maturational differences and cortical organization with learning. Existing neuro-imaging methods and studies give information about cognitive and neural changes underlying human development. But this information is not sufficient for explaining brain structure and function. MRI based anatomical studies highlights various structural changes with development over the period of childhood and adolescence. The study explains various stages of changing in numerical status. Sub serving primary functions like sensory and motor systems come first. Secondly, sequential and parietal connection cortices related with basic language skills and spatial attention maturing appears. Higher order association areas including prefrontal and lateral temporal cortices, language process and sensory motor processor comes in final (Casey et al. 2). The study clearly mentions that structural changes that happened in human brain affect the cognitive development and behavior formation. Association between structural maturation and memory function is identified through the using of neuropsychological measures. The study offers detailed discussion about the functional organization of the developing human brain. It reveals that the development of prefrontal cortex plays an important role in the maturation of higher cognitive abilities. Mature cognition is related with the ability to filter and ignore irrelevant information. The ability to filter unimportant information continues to develop first two decades of a child’s life. Children with a strong response inhibition did not collect the same prefrontal region as those active by adults and they received a subset of same posterior areas. Children with poor response inhibition did not activate that subset of same posterior areas. The significance of tracking cortical changes in human brains over time is most evident in the area of higher research. The study concludes with some notable concepts and viewpoints about the process of maturation and cognitive development. Brain regions associated with more basic and important functions like motor and sensory processes mature first, control of thought and actions followed next. This way of development is paralleled by a change from disperse to more focal recruitment of cortical regions with cognitive development and learning process. The article illustrates cognitive developments and neurological changes happened in human brain. Authors put forward relevant thesis for the paper which facilitates reliability and authenticity. They introduces the thesis statement that neurological changes which occurred in human brain affect the cognitive developments and both of them have significant role in development process. The entire paper is developed through analyzing the key words and phrases which mentioned in the thesis statement. The methodology mainly consists of literature review and the paper draws its conclusion from the vast number of literature. Previous studies about MRI-based anatomical researches, MRI- morphometric ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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