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The cognitive strategy and Meta-cognitive strategy in EFL OR Learning strategy in L2 /target language/second language learning/E - Literature review Example

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A REVIEW OF THE META-COGNITIVE STRATEGY IN EFL WRITING. Abstract  This literature review examines and evaluates meta-cognitive strategy in EFL writing. In the recent past, a number of studies have been carried out to investigate the role of self-knowledge and control over cognitive activities in various problem resolving situations (Chamot, 2005)…
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The cognitive strategy and Meta-cognitive strategy in EFL OR Learning strategy in L2 /target language/second language learning/E
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"The cognitive strategy and Meta-cognitive strategy in EFL OR Learning strategy in L2 /target language/second language learning/E"

Download file to see previous pages Recent research efforts suggest that there is relationship between meta-cognitive knowledge and the quality of writing (Cohen, 1998). This is because in majority of these studies (Anderson, 2002) and (Chamot, 2005). the findings indicate that writing performance is remarkably affected by the learners’ knowledge about their writing strategy. 1.0. Introduction This paper examines how meta-cognitive knowledge affects English writing performance as a foreign language (EFL). There is sound evidence showing that there is a close relationship between meta-cognitive knowledge and writing performance. Teaching English as second language and as a foreign language has a number of similarities even though one key difference abide as observed by Brown (2002). Learners in English as a foreign language in classroom setup lack the necessary exposure to the language as they study it in a place where it is not being used. They do not have the additional input that English as second language learners have when surrounded by sufficient examples of the language in a place where it is spoken (Anderson, 2002). Studying in a foreign language needs a wide understanding, which is frequently associated with the need to carry out cognitive and procedural duties like writing and giving speech among others. The problem with EFL students is the difference between what they are familiar with and what the native speaker knows with respect to the language and substance of the written text (Clark, 1995). This is because most of the genuine texts are intended for native readers or individuals with good linguistics proficiency. It is worth noting at this point that even foreigners with substantial know-how of the language have problems at the level of identification. This greatly limits their efforts to understand the texts they ought to read as espoused by Chamot (2005). Studies have revealed that academic writing is an intricate endeavor that entails a broad range of cognizant and dynamic meta-cognitive strategies. 2.0. Literature Review 2.1. Meta-cognition Meta-cognition can be regarded as an individual’s knowledge regarding his/her cognitive processes and their outcomes (Anderson, 2002).The meta-cognitive strategies entail the active examination and subsequent control of the cognitive processes in regard to information processing (Anderson, 2002). This implies that students have the know-how of their cognitive process as well as the ability to apply that knowledge (Gosh, 1997). They are therefore able to select the most effective strategy for problem solving. Cohen (1998) further argues that meta-cognitive strategy is the individual’s ability to move outside the learning process and observe it from without. Meta-cognition is simply thinking about your own thinking (Wenden, 1991) and involves two dimensions namely: knowledge of cognition and regulation of cognition. Knowledge of cognition is the knowledge the student possesses about his/her cognitive sources with respect to the task requirements. The regulation of cognition on the other hand entails the self-regulating mechanisms applied in all problem-resolving situations (Schunk & Zimmerman, 1994). The ability of individual to regulate his/her cognitive processes has been associated with intelligence. Hartman (2001) call these cognitive process ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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