Nobody downloaded yet

Optimism - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Your complete name Subject name Submission date                                     Optimism and its Development Optimism is a popular term in contemporary society which generally perceived to be positive attitude and motivated self particularly in unfortunate or unfavorable conditions…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER99% of users find it useful
Optimism
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Optimism"

Download file to see previous pages Furthermore, the study concludes that irrespective of its nature, components, and roots, optimism has remarkably positive impact on human life and conditions. Defining Optimism Anthropologist, Lionel Tiger defines optimism as “a mood or attitude associated with an expectation about the social or material future-one which the evaluator regards as socially desirable, to his [or her] advantage, or for his [or her] pleasure” (18 qtd. in Peterson 44).On the other hand, optimism is attributed to be a sense of personal control, and ability to identify meaning in one’s own life experiences. Optimism is a valuable psychological resource which is long believed to be associated with mental health (Frankle, 1963; Seligman, 1998; Taylor, 1989 qtd. in Taylor et al. 99).Such psychological resources become extremely important when individuals are exposed to challenging or threatening occurrences (Taylor 1164).These resources work as reserves which enables people to cope with difficult situations in an efficient manner (Taylor et al. 99).Theorists Scheier and Carver(1985) referred optimism as a generalized anticipation that good as compared to bad will happen an individual confronts problem in crucial domains of life(qtd. in Franken 476). In general, the idea of optimism refers to an individual’s overall positive approach towards life and what it has to offer. Biological Component of Optimism Lionel Tiger (1979) puts forth the biological explanation of optimism. He maintains that in early days, when human left forests, being hunters they had to face death and injuries continuously. Because human mind is inclined towards learning from experiences, he abandoned the tasks associated with negative results. Therefore, it is biological adaption for humans to develop a basic sense of optimism. Furthermore, Tiger argues that when human body is injured, it releases endorphins. Generally, endorphins have two attributes; analgesic attributes which decreases the feeling of pain, and feelings of euphoria. Humans are biologically adaptive to positive emotions when injured in order to keep the process going (hunting) due to our ancestors’ experiences, therefore, optimism is a trait which is induced biologically (Franken 1994, qtd. in Dunavold 4). Several theorists believe that optimism is a personality trait rather than an emotion. They regard optimism as an inborn temperament which means that people are inherently optimistic or pessimistic ( Dunavold 4). Learned Component of Optimism Many researchers believed that optimism is a way of thinking which can be learned. As Martin Seligman’s idea of learned optimism, in addition to Daniel Goleman confirm that the concept that both hope and optimism can be learned. He identifies that self-efficacy leads to hope and optimistic view in life. Self-efficacy refers to the belief that one has control over life events and his ability to meet the challenges as they appear in life (qtd. in Dunavold 4). However, Dunavold disagrees with the theory and states that, “... optimism can (not) be learned. Dr. Seligman’s method of teaching optimism relies heavily on active thought processes which I believe is more of a cognitive activity...Optimism can (not) be reinforced or stifled. Additionally… ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Optimism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1423955-optimism
(Optimism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1423955-optimism.
“Optimism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1423955-optimism.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Optimism

Optimism Like A Farce In Candide

...Optimism Like A Farce In Candide Voltaire satirizes optimism per se and humanity’s perverse nature and their abominable social and political institutions in his novel, “Candide.” Candide is a naïve, illegitimate son, and for some time, he believes in his teacher, Pangloss, who claims that the “best of all possible worlds” already exists and it is only waiting for people to enjoy it (Voltaire 2). Pangloss justifies that the causes of people’s tribulations should be seen as the means of producing the best of all worlds. After Candide’s brief kiss with Cunegonde, however, life goes downhill for him, as well as the other main characters, such as Pangloss. Candide’s journey proves that this is not the “best of all possible worlds... ,” or that...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Optimism and Health Paper

...? ROLE OF OPTIMISM IN PHYSICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH Submitted Submitted by: Institute: INTRODUCTION This paper deals with the study of a peer reviewed article which relates optimism to physical and mental health. A summary of the reviewed article is presented, which follows a personal opinion on the validity of the study. The selected article to be studied is taken from an NIH journal, articles in which are peer reviewed and published online via Pub Med. 2. ARTICLE SUMMARY The article selected for this assignment has been written after a detailed literature review by Conversano and colleagues (2010). This article studies the impact of optimism on physical and emotional well being. In...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Optimism and Health

...?Optimism and Health Effects of optimism on physical and psychological health Optimism is one of the most important qualities that a human being can possess. It makes one to focus on the positive side of life and how to make something good out of a wretched situation. For an optimist, a glass containing water half its capacity is half-full and not half empty. It is therefore be true to state that such persons do not focus on the empty and lost side of life. Instead, their interest lies on the remaining possibilities and positive expectations for the future. This is an admirable quality that could affect the physical and psychological health of a person positively. This paper gives a...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Optimism is a Farce in Candide

...11 September Optimism is a Farce in Candide Optimists have it worse than pessimists because they prepare for the best andso fail in having the best. This is one of Voltaire’s strongest messages in his comedic novel, Candide. Candide is the naive protagonist of the story. The fact that he is an illegitimate son already foreshadows a future of misfortunes. For a long time, he trusts his teacher, Pangloss, whose philosophy emphasizes that people already exist in the “best of all possible worlds” and that this perfect world is only awaiting for people to embrace it (Voltaire 2). Despite believing in optimism’s utopian vision, after Candide kisses Cunegonde, his life swiftly declines to hell. The same ill...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment

Relationship between Locus of Control and Optimism among Students

...STUDYING THE RELATIONSHIP OF LOCUS OF CONTROL WITH OPTIMISM AND PESSIMISM AMOUNG Hypothesis: H1: There is a positive relationship between locus of control and optimism among students. H2: There is positive relationship between locus of control and pessimism among students. Introduction: This paper discusses the concept of locus of control which was originally developed by Julian B Rotter in the early 1950s and is considered to be one of the most significant aspects of an individual's personality. It seeks to analyze the perception of an individual regarding the causes behind the happening or non-happening of certain events in his/her life (Rotter, 1966). People with an internal locus of control believe that events in the life... , coping with...
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay

Locus of Control, Optimism Levels, and Perseverance during a Frustration Task

...Locus of Control, Optimism Levels, and Perseverance during a Frustration Task November 20, 2008 INTRODUCTION The concept of Locus of Control,which was originally developed by Julian B. Rotter in the early 1950's and is considered to be one of the most significant aspects of an individual's personality. It seeks to analyze the perception of an individual regarding the causes behind the happening or non-happening of certain events in his or her life (Rotter, 1966). The concept of Locus of Control is helpful in discerning the level of control that a person feels they possess in life. The study of Locus of Control would offer valuable contributions and theories that would further help in understanding and analyzing...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Optimism

...Significance from Seven Simple Words According to Leibniz, we live in the best of all possible worlds. In Chapter Pangloss believes that things cannot be otherwise than as they are, and everything is best. But amidst all the calamities, war, hunger and poverty, can we really believe that Is this the best that the world can offer Are we supposed to be injured, hungry and miserable It's easy to say that we live in the best of all possible worlds when we are comfortable and happy. Like the great baron who, in the words of Voltaire, lives in the most magnificent and most agreeable of all possible castles. But if you are like the slave who has lost his left leg and his right hand, or a beggar all covered with scabs, it's easier... from Seven...
3 Pages(750 words)Book Report/Review

Would the Investors Optimism About the Alibaba.com be Slipping

...Analysis and conclusion: The stock price of Alibaba.com has halved since its first initial public offering (IPO) in 2007. This shows that investors are less-frenzied about Alibaba.com as they were when Alibaba.com appeared for the very first time in stock market of Hong Kong. Moreover there are also various evidences in the case that elaborate significant threat to investors’ optimism about Alibaba.com. These include the following; Global source -------- A tough potential competitor: ‘Global Source’ is actively encroaching China’s domestic Business to Business (B2b) market. The company has already launched ‘China Global Source Online’ to enable Chinese B2B market accessible to international suppliers. This is a...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

The power of optimism

...September 8, The Power of Optimism The word ‘optimism’ is universally understood as manifesting a positive perspective of viewing the outcome of a particular situation, event, scenario, or the future. The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines optimism as “an inclination to put the most favorable construction upon actions and events or to anticipate the best possible outcome” (Optimism 1). In writing this discourse, for example, searching for options to tackle the subject would accord optimists with vast and innumerable opportunities; such as searching online (of which, one generated more than 44,200,000 results in just 0.40 seconds) (The Power of Optimism)...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Techno-Optimism is pervasive

...Techno- Optimism Technological development, innovations and inventionshave been a common phenomenon in the world. Its benefits have been crucial in improving living standards and easing human life thereby making life more bearable (Harrington, 2009, p 26). The benefits have resulted in a techno- pervasive notion in society whereby, many believe that a more efficient technology will clear various problems in the world. However, technology advancements is not a bad, but being too much assured of its success in solving world problems is similar to living in an ideal world (Top 10 Failures, 2015, p 1). Techno – optimism is universal despite presence of numerous and serious shortcomings as well as consequences...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Optimism for FREE!

Contact Us