Nobody downloaded yet

Taylor's Main Principles of Scientific Management in Working Place - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Section 1. Introduction In optimizing worker’s productivity, managing worker’s output was revolutionized when Frederick Winslow Taylor introduced the Scientific Management approach in the workplace wherein functions and output is clearly defined and quantified to maximize productivity…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.7% of users find it useful
Taylors Main Principles of Scientific Management in Working Place
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Taylor's Main Principles of Scientific Management in Working Place"

Download file to see previous pages Process are now clearly defined as well as how to do it that does not leave any room for intuitive job functioning. This is also to achieve uniformity and consistency in production and to make quality and output predictable. Scientific Management is an engineering approach to achieve efficiency in the workplace. Where the workplace or organization can be likened to a machine which is composed of several parts that should work together to achieve optimum efficiency. Principles of Scientific Management The first systematic attempt to address this conflict and labor recalcitrance in organization was directed by Frederick Winslow Taylor with his Scientific Management. For Taylor, the key to establishing an efficient and productive workplace required the possession and control of knowledge about the methods of production (Jaffe, 2008). Taylor's (1911) preface to the Principles of Scientific Management makes this quite clear when he stresses for national efficiency... first, it is teleological in its orientation to means: what is important is securing the desired consequences. Second, in Taylor's philosophy, actions can be judged only by their consequences: a dogged empiricism is allied to an unquestioned grasp of the ends to be served. Third, ends are defined in terms of efficiency (primarily for factory owners) but are represented as the common good (Taylor, 1911). In pursuit of optimum efficiency, this Scientific Management engendered the idea of defining and breaking down of functions in narrowly defined tasks. Organization is viewed like a well-oiled machine where its parts, including labor would conform to the predetermined methods already in place. It proposed an engineering solution to a human issue with the objective of minimizing friction brought by human factor that the results of production may be predictable. According to Frederick Taylor, "Scientific Management is a distinctively scientific, since it aims to correlate in factory administration, and to push development further in accordance with the principles discovered (Taylor, 1911). According to Taylor (1911), the key features of scientific management are as follows: time study, functional or divided foremanship, the standardization of all tools and implements used in trades, the standardization of the acts and movements of workmen in each class of work, a unique planning function, management by the exception method, the use of slide-rules and other similar timesaving methods, instruction cards for workers, careful task Performance Improvement allocation, bonuses for successful performance, the use of a “differential rate,” a routing system, and mnemonic systems for classifying products and modern cost systems. The underlying principles of the philosophy are as follows: (a) the development of a true science for each element of a job, (b) the scientific selection and training of the worker, (c) cooperation with the worker to ensure that the job is being done in accordance with principles of scientific education, and (e) an almost equal division of work and responsibility between workers and management (Wagner, 2007). Section 2. Case: Harvey Fast Food Restaurant I. Shift the decision making responsibility from the workers to managers  Decision making responsibility can be shifted to the managers from the workers when functions are broken down into specific tasks where it can be quantified for the managers to determine objective productivity output. In this way, the determination ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Taylor's Main Principles of Scientific Management in Working Place Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Taylor'S Main Principles of Scientific Management in Working Place Essay)
“Taylor'S Main Principles of Scientific Management in Working Place Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Taylor's Main Principles of Scientific Management in Working Place

The Main Accounting Principles

...?Client’s 7 August Accounting is a very interesting and the main accounting principles have been widely adapted by severalcompanies, important aspects like debt, equity, balance sheet, profit and loss statement and so on are considered to be very important. These are also tools which show how well a company is performing, there have been instances of declaring false information so that the share of a particular company performs well in the stock market, such fraudulent instances have also occurred in the past. This paper will shed light upon how JP Morgan Chase has modified their accounting principles in the past and what impact has the same had on their growth. An Analysis of JP Morgan...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Scientific Management

...?Question: Discuss to what extent the application of scientific management has been adapted in the 21st century, to overcome its limitations Introduction Scientific management is a management theory that examines and coordinates work flows, which enhances work efficiency. The main premises of the theory were formulated in the 1880s and 1890s by Frederick Winslow Taylor (Lewis, Goodman & Fandt 2000). In the current management literature, the best possible use of scientific management runs counter to the most recent, and better business...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Scientific principles and techniques

...? Apply basic scientific principles and techniques in mechanical engineering situations Scientific principles refers to the use of the rule of law in a complex system to find solutions to questions of ‘why’ and ‘how’ various phenomena about the abstract world take place (Rao, 2003). Scientific techniques are systematic methods used to solve problems in day to day applications. In engineering, scientific knowledge is used together with social, economic and practical knowledge to design, create and preserve structures, machines, apparatus and systems (Nelson, 2011). Mechanics are based on a few laws of nature which are...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Inclusive Education: main principles

.... If government takes the required steps then schools won't anymore discourage these students. (Harry Daniels, Philip Garner.1999) Once such initiatives are started by the government teachers are going to get encouraged in a way that the places where they work will provide them optimum facilities to cater to the needs of individuals with special needs. Teachers in a sense will be better equipped to tackle the situation and will thus help such students to learn efficiently and effectively. Now as far as teacher's point of view is concerned they need to understand the importance of inclusion. As far as my understanding I feel that inclusive education is an important concept and every teacher should...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

The Principles of Scientific Management

..., New York: Harper-Business. Drucker, P. 1985, Management: Tasks, Responsibilities, Practices, New York: Harper-Business. Emerson, H. 1912, The Twelve Principles of Efficiency, New York. Emerson, H. 1976, The Twelve Principles of Efficiency, Hive Publishing Company. Markowitz, L. 1996, ‘Employee Participation at the Workplace: Capitalist Control or Worker Freedom?’, Critical Sociology, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 89-103. McGregor, D. 1960, The Human Side of Enterprise, New York: McGraw-Hill. Ouchi, W. G. 1981, Theory “Z”: How American Business Can Meet the Japanese Challenge, Reading MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co. Quinn, R. E. 1988, Beyond Rational Management: Mastering the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Analysis of the Theoretical Concepts of Scientific Management

...Trap: Big Business Marketing in American Life. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. Drury, B., 1915. Scientific management: a history and criticism. New York: Columbia University. Hartness, J., 1912. The human factor in works management. New York: McGraw-Hill. Head, S., 2005. The New Ruthless Economy: Work and Power in the Digital Age. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Jones, O., 2000. Scientific Management, Culture and Control: A First-Hand Account of Taylorism in Practice. Human Relations, Vol. 53 (5), pp. 631-653. Kanigel, R., 1997. The One Best Way: Frederick Winslow...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Main Principles of Buddhism

...Buddhism Question 1: In the work of Tsering (2010), one of the four noble truths indicates that life means suffering. This results from the world and the human nature not being perfect. In this case, humans must always be prepared to face numerous challenges and pain in the course of their existence. Secondly, Tsering (2010) stipulates that the origin of suffering is the attachment humans have on short-lived things, like physical objects, ideas and the perceptions we hold in our minds. The third noble truth indicates that the ending of suffering is achievable (Tsering, 2010). This, can however, be attained once the individual attains the state of nirvana, where they are free from all worries, and troubles. Lastly,...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

The Main Principles of Management

...Running Head: MANAGEMENT Principles of Management Management can be defined as the process of dealing with or controlling things or people. There are certain principles that when followed produce good and intended results. The first principle is alignment whereby a business aligns employee behaviours with stated company values and directions. This means that certain rules are put in place to ensure a good flow of work and good results. It also provides for penalties to be applied internally or judicially. The second principle is distributed leadership where by individuals are given the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

The Principles of Scientific Thinking

...thinking are worth knowing since they equip psychologists with skepticism abilities for questioning facts, theories, and propositions. Scientific thinkers should subject claims to intensive tests and evaluate them against the principles of thinking to ensure that they have the elements of validity and truthfulness. References Chapell, M. (2001). Myopia and night-time lighting during sleep in children and adults. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 92(3), 640-642. Crawford, D. H. (2013). Virus hunt: The search for the origin of HIV. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Kallen, S. A. (2004). Shamans. San Diego, Calif: Lucent Books. Kolata, Gina (2011). 2 studies in conflict on Growth of Bone....
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Management Philosophies: F.W. Taylor

...a terrible pneumonic attack at the age of 59 years (Harrison, 1906). F.W. Taylor Contributions F.W. Taylor is regarded as the father of scientific management (The Wall Street Journal, 1997), because of his pioneering works in the field of management particularly in the area of management efficiency and his broad ideas, which were summarized in his seminal book The Principles of Scientific Management, were highly influential during the Progressive Era (Wrege & Hodgetts 2000, p.1283). Also known as Taylorism, scientific...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Taylor's Main Principles of Scientific Management in Working Place for FREE!

Contact Us