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Topic:  RELIGIOUS STUDIES: GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES ON RELIGION AND SCIENCE Essay One -How did the relationship between science and religion change in the colonial and anti-colonial (and Asian imperialist) nationalist periods in Asia and what were the socio-cultural and/or political-economic conditions of this changing relationship?…
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Download file to see previous pages If one takes the example of India, Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism were the major religion in the country. In South Asian countries like China, Japan and Korea Buddhism was a prominent religion. The people of ancient times established religious beliefs in a scientific way rather than keeping them as separate identity. For example in India, medicine, astrology, religious rituals had a great scientific foundation to it and followed the eternal law of nature. The ancient seers and sages of India knew the scientific principle of functioning of nature and understood how the daily living of human being can be conducted by synchronizing with it. The traditional medical and astrological and occult science of India was also a part of religion and thus had an immense value and elegant position in the life of people. But with the arrival of colonialism in India, the olden traditional science and religious concepts were disregarded and insulted and uprooted from its base. Even the Chinese and other Asian countries had to fight with the English and European men to re-establish their faith in religious and scientific values. The English and European invaders believed in science, and religion did not have co-relation with their scientific principles unlike Asians. ...
In Asia, modern science is a foreign concept and they despised any foreign element in their much enriched traditional culture. In colonial periods there was an injection of Christianity in to the Asian community and low class people converted to Christians to acquire recognition and rights. It is known fact that science is not depended on faith but religion is all about faith and devotion and dependence on the seen and unseen forces of nature and divine. For example in oriental nations, during colonial period and anti- colonial period the dominant religion was Buddhism. The Buddhism is oriented towards the practice of Dhamma and awareness of consciousness and they practiced it is widely .However; the Europeans were enforcing a culture of unity which demanded one religion, one culture and one race. In case of the nationalist period, the colonialism led to the separation on various states like Pakistan and India got divided, so did the power of the culture and religion weakened. The westerners emphasized more on culture and science and somehow religion got alienated from science in the whole process. Essay Two 2.Describe and analyze the two controversies situated at the nexus of science and religion, (1) the Galileo affair and (2) the Huxley/Wilberforce debate on Darwin’s The Origin of the Species. What is at stake in the controversy in terms of the socio-cultural and/or political-economic conditions and what strategies do the protagonists employ in the struggle? Galileo affair can be explained as the conflict created due to the discoveries of Galileo about the space and earth among the community of Roman religious group .Galileo with his newly invented telescope observed ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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