Nobody downloaded yet

Philosphy - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The Retributive Theory of Punishment This paper will discuss the Marshall’s conception of Retribution and the employment of his specific meaning correlating with the theory of Retributive Theory of Punishment. Marshall’s conception will build a case, within his interpretation of Kantian Ethics, for the abandonment of the Death Penalty…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.1% of users find it useful
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Philosphy"

Download file to see previous pages The difference must be made between the case of Osma Bin Laden, and a murder case occasioned by an instant passion. Death Penalty should be abandoned. However, the time for the idea to get realized would be decided by healthy social conditions. Theories of Punishment In its Hammurabi’s sense the retribution stands for letting punishment fit the crime as eye for an eye, or hand for a hand, or life for a life. There is no place in this conception for replacing the consequence of crime with any thing other than the nature of committed crime. For Utilitarians, however, punishment should look for consequences resulting through the incurring of punishment. The Utilitarians put forward Deterrent and Reformative punishment theories. Deterrent means to punish others in order to deter from committing crime. It may be expressed in a dictum of a judge, “you are not punished for stealing sheep, but in order that sheep may not be stolen (Mackenzie 374).” This theory is oppressive in nature and considers human being as a thing. The Reformative theory of punishment emphasizes on changing the structure and thought of human being, compulsory volunteer service and social services are the examples of this theory. Retribution as connection between Punishment and Guilt Retributive theory of punishment aims to make a return of a man’s deed upon his own head. For Mackenzie, the aim of Retribution is to make it apparent that the evil consequences of his acts are not merely evils to others, but evils in which he is himself involved. Retributive theory therefore emphasizes upon facing the similar consequences as that of the committed crime. Being different from the other two theories, and often interpreted in its literal meaning, the important meanings of this theory remain hidden. The aim of retribution is to make connection between punishment and guilt, that is, to develop a sense of guilt regarding the crime. Retribution as expression of Moral outrage There is an aspect and meaning of retribution that becomes operative in certain situation in order to try to answer the question whether some social phenomenon should be punished because it is violating the moral order of the society? Morality works upon the defined and prevailed conception of human being and the owned world-view, this may include religious position. The retributive theory, understood in its literal sense, may operate to curb the increase of a social phenomenon endangering the social moral order, and thus may operate as a utilitarian principle. For example, the increase of the crime rate in juvenile may trigger an operation against such groups to keep control of social moral order. Popular Instinct Retribution may be seen through the upsurge of popular instinct. In this situation, the need to go deep into the reality, and placing event within discursive world, does not play a role. The popular instincts decide retributively the punishment for the crime. For example, a rape of a female in a village may invoke a popular reaction that results into a strict punishment. In this situation, no other shade of retribution will be looked upon. Purely retributive justification It is difficult to understand the concept pure, as it may mean going back directly to Hammurabi’s literal intention and may mean understanding retribution only in the sense of an eye for an eye and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Philosphy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Philosphy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Philosphy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document



...?Running Head: ASSISTED SUICIDE ASSISTED SUICIDE Part I The term “assisted suicide” refers to a “physician writing a prescription for a patient, typically for a lethal amount of barbiturates, which the patient ingests in the physician’s absence when and if he chooses to do so” (Szasz, 1999, p. 91). The term “voluntary euthanasia” refers to a “physician putting a patient to sleep, not for the purpose of inducing anesthesia for surgery or otherwise relieving pain, but for the purpose of causing death by injecting a lethal drug” (ibid). In this paper these two terms are investigated as one issue. Euthanasia is considered here as a moral evil, and should not be permitted by law, even in the cases specified in the standard permission... Head:...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Leadership Philosphy

...?Personal Philosophy of Leadership I being a manager have 24 employees under me who I have to take along with me for the betterment of the company. Effective leadership requires the leader to take the whole group along. It is not necessary to involve the whole group in decisions regarding the group’s success however; the members of group are ‘helpers’. These ‘helpers’, if motivated and encouraged to work together, may quicken the process of success. This is what my experience led me to realize. Leaders in the service industry need to be more attentive since the customers and workers are in a direct contact. The motivational theories helped a lot in running the business successfully from the very beginning of my professional career...
2 Pages(500 words)Personal Statement

Philosphy of education

...?Philosophy of Education Education plays an immensely important role in our lives. The aim of education is not limited to improve our lives in a single phase but it affects our regular activities, viewpoints, thoughts, actions and behaviors. If we think about the wider or broader purpose of education, it directs towards making the world a better place to live not only on social grounds but also on political, economic and cultural areas. It does not limit the roots of extension towards technological development but education gives us wisdom, differentiating skills of identifying right and wrong, develops our moral stance and brings just behaviors in the society. Giroux’s educational philosophy also supports such a system where... of Education...
2 Pages(500 words)Term Paper

Philosphy In Teaching

...? PHILOSPHY IN TEACHING Philosophy plays an important role in the decision making of educational policy and practice. With the help of modern morals and political philosophies the problems faced by the decision makers are solved which come up in the process of policy making. Some of the major problems are distributing the resources among different racial, ethnic, socio-economic groups, efficiently and without discrimination. The privacy of a student is an issue that challenges every teacher. Religious teachings’ involvement is an issue that teachers across the globe have to contemplate on. Philosophical methods are used to solve these problems and moral philosophers have made it their profession to devise philosophical...
5 Pages(1250 words)Personal Statement

Philosphy 103

...? of Lecturer] Philosophy 103 William Clifford's Theory versus William James' Theory Introduction William Clifford and William James are two among the most widely studied philosophers in the academic and professional spheres. Although their works cover a wide range of subjects such as emotions and beliefs, certain differences are easily identified in their works. Hence, for different subjects and situations, either philosopher’s theory may prove more effective and relevant than the other’s theory (Kessler, p. 84). This paper explains and compares the philosophers’ theories, arguing out the better of these theories with regards to the subject of “Ethics of belief.” “The Ethics of Belief” versus “The Will to Believe” Born in 1845... of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Modern philosphy

... From antiquity to contemporary times, Rene Descartes has been popularly considered as the father of modern philosophy; among other things, the French philosopher was the pre-eminent figure in the development of rationalism. This school of thought stressed on the use of reason as the true means through which knowledge can be attained, rationalism became one of the dominant knowledge theories along with empiricism and it served as a major pillar for the enlightenment movement in Europe. One of the most notable and controversial assertions and the subject of this paper was his claiming that one cannot entirely depend on their senses to provide true information about their surroundings. This naturally elicited many criticisms... From antiquity...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Philosphy of God

...Running Head: Philosophy of…. Topic: Philosophy of God Order#: 341293 Topic: Philosophy of God The similarities between Socrates and Lord Jesus are one of degrees. The writings of Socrates are secular, and Jesus blessed humanity with divine revelations. For the argument of the Socrates, there were and there are and there will be counter-arguments. The revelations of Jesus are Immutable, Imperishable and Permanent. However, Socrates made efforts to reach... Head:...
1 Pages(250 words)Article

Asian philosphy

...Reflections on the Material Reflections on the Material In North America, we seem to not fully understandor embrace the myriad of cultures in existence around the world. As I read through the course syllabus, I am excited to learn that we will be discussing some of the many Chinese and Indian traditions that have been around for generations, yet of which I have little background knowledge of. While I am certainly proud of my own traditions, I want to discover what others believe and how it impacts their way of life. I notice, for example, that we will be looking at Hindu philosophy, and in particular yoga. This is quite iterating as yoga is becoming more accepted globally, and it will beneficial to know where the tradition... on the...
1 Pages(250 words)Article

Asian philosphy

...Other (s) Asian Philosophy Yoga Sutra is regarded as one of the major ical works ofIndian philosophy that is dated between 2nd and 3rd century CE. Although little is known about Patanjali, its author, it is certain that Yoga is not the first texts in the Indian philosophy (Ranganathan 1). In my opinion, Yoga Sutra particularly stands out among other Indian philosophy texts by virtue of being the, most widely translated and read Indian text in the English world. However, there have been recent calls for a new translation because of two major drawbacks of the current translation. The first major problem that generally applies to most Indian translations such as Yoga Sutra is the absence of moral significance particularly due... (s) Asian...
1 Pages(250 words)Article

Asian philosphy

...Asian Philosophy of Affiliation: Asian Philosophy Asian philosophy that has its roots in the Hindu philosophies, tells of various aspects pertaining to the fundamental realities and the different experiences of life. Based on such a perspective, tend to create certain aspects of awareness about individuals and influence the manner in which certain things are done and the reasons behind them. These aspects are clearly brought out through the determination of various distinct aspects pertaining to the philosophies of Hindu and the Eastern in general. Good examples are the distinctions between Advaita Vedanta and Sankya in reference to the Asian philosophies. Ideally, establishing the distinctions between these two aspects enhances... Philosophy ...
1 Pages(250 words)Article
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Philosphy for FREE!

Contact Us