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Criminal Justice System in Criminology - Coursework Example

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The paper "Criminal Justice System in Criminology" states that principle of retribution is based on the principle of an eye for an eye, according to this principle; criminals should be punished in a way so that they can experience the same amount of pain experienced by victims…
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Criminal Justice System in Criminology
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Download file to see previous pages Punishment is justified through the philosophy of retribution, deterrence and incapacitation. Certain nations believe in one kind of philosophy while others favor other kinds of philosophy. While punishment philosophy may vary depending on nations, it even varies depending on crimes and the outcomes that the justice system wants to achieve. For example, nations that have applied the death penalty have done so with the aim of deterring crime and the same law may be considered as revenge for the victim. Certain criminal justice systems believe in a retributive form of punishment because these systems are of the view that the criminal should be punished in accordance with his/her crime (Slapper, 2012, p.381). For example: in the Arab nation, a criminals hand is cut off if he steals and is even assigned the death penalty for committing a murder. These nations believe that revenge is the best policy and the criminal should experience a similar amount of pain as experienced by the victim. This paper will pay emphasis to different philosophies of punishment and a comparison will be conducted between these philosophies and their effectiveness.
There are various justifications for the act of punishment; the oldest one of them is that punishment leads to vengeance and revenge. The principle of retribution is based on the Old Testament’s principle of an eye for an eye (Joyce, 2006, 321). The principle of retribution is not dependant on the nature of the crime committed by a criminal neither it focuses on preventing future criminal like activities and criminals that are punished under the principle of retributive justice are punished equal to the wrongdoing committed by him. This principle is even based on the principle of punishment should fit the criminal act and this principle was practised during the early 1800s of the Western side of Europe (Easton, 2008, p.62). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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