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Thesis: reform and modernization in East Asia - Term Paper Example

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The following is an essay and analysis of the main causes for the Tiananmen Square riots. The focus of this analysis, will be toward understanding the economic and political causes that led to the student protests of 1989. It will be argued that the political instabilities that followed Mao's death in 1976, caused a sequence of political order that was inconsistent at the level of policy and governance…
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Thesis: reform and modernization in East Asia
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Download file to see previous pages At that time, the vice premier of Zhou Enlai was Deng Xiaoping, who, had been both an active and involved member for nearly two decades, but also, and in the years from 1973 until his death, the assistant to Zhou Enlai2. However, he was regarded with some suspicion, and in spite of being one of the most qualified candidates for the position of both chief of state as well as the head of the communist party. First, he had badly antagonized the radicals, and as a result, did not remain in office for very long. In April of 1976, and with Mao’s approval, they announced that the figure of Hua Guofeng whose was regarded as a moderate was instated in power. Before examining in detail the processes and reasons underlying the succession of leaders after Mao, and in turn, over viewing their policies, some remarks need to be provided with respect or in regard to the relationship which was forming with Western countries, and the relations which were deteriorating with one of it’s strongest allies, namely, the Soviet Union. ...
For example, and as a surprise to the United States of America, the Chinese invited an the American ping-pong team to China in 1971. Although slightly more elevated than ping pong players, the then, Secretary of State, and important adviser to President Nixon, Henry Kissinger was also invited. Following that accord or summit, the President himself, the honorable president, Richard Nixon was invited to visit China in 1972, which was an invitation that the soon to be impeached president accepted. The historic visit took place between February 21 and 28th, 19723. And, more importantly, this was the first (discounting Dr. Henry Kissinger’s visit, along with the United States of America ping-pong team) diplomatic mission with China since Mao established the Peoples Republic in 1949. This said, the Chinese were highly critical of the policies of the United States of America (U.S.A.), both preceding Nixon’s visit, along with afterward. This was largely due to the fact that the Americans had been fighting to liberate South Viet Nam from the Communists which rose in stature during the late 1950's and early 1960's, which was a war, which the U.S. incidentally pulled out of, or, lost. According to the Chinese, America had no business in the political affairs of East Asia, which was a sentiment shared in most of the world, including the United States of America. However, the invitation was, and in the eyes of Mao and his top officials or advisers, was to express concern largely over Soviet expansionist maneuvers and policies4. Which, was a strategy employed by the Soviets at that time throughout most of Asia. And, largely, the meeting was a successful step toward “peace”5. By 1980, and four years after Mao’s death, Deng Xiaoping replaced Hua Guogeng as premier ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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