Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Prostate cancer in minority - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Prostate cancer in minority Introduction Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the prostate, a compound tubuloalveolar exocrine gland of the male reproductive system in most mammals (Romer and Parson, 1977). Though most prostate cancer cells are slow growing, there has been cases of rapidly proliferating prostate cancer cells (American Cancer Society, 2010)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.7% of users find it useful
Prostate cancer in minority
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Prostate cancer in minority"

Pro cancer in minority Introduction Pro cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the pro a compound tubuloalveolar exocrine glandof the male reproductive system in most mammals (Romer and Parson, 1977). Though most prostate cancer cells are slow growing, there has been cases of rapidly proliferating prostate cancer cells (American Cancer Society, 2010). The cancerous cell spread to other parts of the body and can cause pain, difficulty in urinating, problems during sexual intercourse, or erectile dysfunction (American Cancer Society, 2010). Though the specific cause of prostate cancer remains unknown, several factors such as diet, genetic, medication exposure and viral infection, have been implicated in its development. Although most cases of prostate cancer are symptom-free, the cancer is usually indicated by symptoms, physical examination, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), or biopsy. To ascertain if the cancer has spread, CT scans and bone scans, may be performed. Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer among U.S. men and the second cause of cancer death, trailing lung cancer in the U.S as well as the U.K. report from the American Cancer Society shows that prostate cancer is least common among Asian men and most common among black men, with figures for white men in between (American Cancer Society, 2010). Various treatment options with the intent to cure are available for prostate cancer. These include surgery, radiation therapy, stereotactic radiosurgery, proton therapy, hormonal therapy, chemotherapy, cryosurgery, and high intensity focused ultrasound. Prostate cancer in minority Minority group is any group that is disadvantage with respect to a dominant group in terms of social status, education, employment, wealth and political power in a given geo-political entity. In the U.S., various minority groups exist and of particular interest are the African-Americans, who are the largest racial minority. Other minority groups are the American Indians Asian Americans Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiian, other Pacific Islander and the Hispanic and Latino Americans. These minority groups account for one-third of the U.S. population but they are expected to become the collective majority by the year 2050. African-Americans men have the highest rate of prostate cancer in the world. In the U.S. prostate cancer has a higher incidence rates and a greater mortality rates among African-Americans than among any other ethnic group (President’s Cancer Panel, 2010). Indeed, national figures shows a 60% higher incidence rate than White American men and 240% mortality rate than white American men (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2007). These figures did not suggest that African-Americans are more prone to developing prostate cancer; rather, according Judd W. Moul, MD, FACS and Professor and Chief of the Division of Urology at Duke University Medical Center, African Americans have higher risk of developing prostate cancer at an earlier age than white men (Center for Disease Control and Prevention). Thus with early detection, African-American men have the same outcome as their white counterpart. Furthermore, figures also shows that one in every four African-American gets prostate cancer with African-American men in North Carolina having one of the highest death rates from prostate cancer (American Cancer Society, 2010). Some notable Africans and African-Americans that have been diagnose with prostate cancer include Sidney Poitier, Nelson Mandela, Les Brown, Desmond Tutu, Maynard Jackson, Ben Carson, Harry Belafonte, Colin Powell, Louis Farrakhan. The degree to which prostate cancer affects the Hispanic population in the US is less clear. Historically, Hispanics have had an incidence and a mortality rate lower than those seen among White American men (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2007). Reports from the American Cancer Society also show that the risk of prostate cancer is higher in a Hispanic man who is older or who has a family history of it. Asian Americans and Pacific Islander have incidence rate that is lower than those seen among Hispanic men while American Indian and Alaska Natives has the lowest incidence rate. Furthermore figures from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2007) shows that among the minorities, African-Americans are black men were more likely to die of prostate cancer than any other group. Following African-Americans are Hispanic men, American Indian and Alaska Native, with Asian Americans and Pacific Islander having the lowest mortality rate. References American Cancer Society. (2010). What Is Prostate Cancer? American Cancer Society. Information and Resources for Cancer: Breast, Colon, Prostate, Lung and Other Forms. Web. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 30 April 2011 Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2007). Prostate Cancer Rates by Race and Ethnicity. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 30 April 2011 President’s Cancer Panel. (2010). America’s Demographic and Cultural Transformation: Implications for Cancer. President’s Cancer Panel, 2009 – 2010 Annual Report. Romer, A. S. & Parsons, T. S. (1977). The Vertebrate Body. Philadelphia, PA: Holt-Saunders International. p. 395 Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Prostate cancer in minority Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Prostate Cancer in Minority Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Prostate Cancer in Minority Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Prostate cancer in minority

Psychosocial and Communication Issues in Cancer Care

...Psychosocial and Communication Issues in Cancer Care 2005 Outline: A) Introduction B) Patient assignment on the basis of Faulker and Maguire model C) Basic communication skills of the care-taker D) Empathy as a key communication skill Description: In this paper we try to find out the basic communication skills of the care-taker when he or she communicates with the cancer-diagnosed person and the role of empathy as a key communication skill. Introduction Clinicians have long recognized the importance of identifying and addressing psychosocial aspects of cancer. Professional clinicians groups insisted that a strong focus on comprehensively meeting the needs of persons with cancer should be made...
15 Pages(3750 words)Assignment

New Public Health Approaches to Tackling Breast Cancer

...Public Health, Health Promotion and New Public Health Approaches to Tackling Breast Cancer IntroductionBreast cancer has been identified as the number one threat to the health and welfare of women in the UK. How a country reacts to an illness such as this can have a significant impact not only on how the citizens of that country react to the disease, but also in terms of how much research can be conducted, what types of treatment can be provided and how many people suffer long-term or fatal effects from it. By looking at the type and incidence of the disease, one can gain an understanding of just how prevalent breast cancer is within the UK, the number of individuals and families that are affected by it, as well as the difficulty being...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

The Use of Chemotherapy in Cancer

... chemotherapy by looking not only at its history, but at its current developments and its future use. Incidence of Cancer In 2004, a total of one hundred fifty three thousand three hundred ninety-seven (153,397) individuals died of cancer in the United Kingdom; 22% of which is caused by lung cancer, 11% by bowel cancer, 8% by breast cancer, 7% by prostate cancer and the rest (52%) by other forms of cancer. Among all other forms, lung cancer and breast cancer still rank as the most common forms of cancer in males and females, respectively. Trends in the incidence of cancer in the UK is an indication of the success of the campaigns against the disease as the figures show a decreasing mortality rate despite the increase in the incidence...
13 Pages(3250 words)Research Proposal

The National Health Service Cancer Plan

...The National Health Service (NHS) Cancer Plan (2000) Introduction: The National Health Service is responsible for the healthcare system in the United Kingdom and is responsible for the benefits that the citizens derive from the system. The benefits that are derived from the healthcare system are immediate benefits, as well as future benefits. These benefits take the form of health promotion, diagnosis and treatment. There are two basic elements in the determination of benefits derived by the citizens. These two factors are the incidence or prevalence of the health problem and the effectiveness of the currently available interventions to deal with the health problem. In the United Kingdom the annual incidence of cancer is 200,000...
11 Pages(2750 words)Assignment

Cultural Significance of Persona, Metropolis and Minority Report

The technical aspects of the "Persona", thanks to the combined meticulous efforts from the part of the director and the legendary cinematographer Sven Nykvist, are integrally linked to the various themes of the movie.
The opening sequences of the movie rely heavily on Freudian psychoanalytic images. A collage of images that link childhood, libidinal urges, trauma, guilt, Electra and Oedipal conflict through the images of a boy being woken up, a figure of an erect penis, a nail struck to a hand, a bloodied lamb, a fearsome spider and so on. These images are closely linked to the themes that are repeated haphazardly in the movie as well. As these images appear on screen in the beginning, the viewers are sensitized to the sophi...
7 Pages(1750 words)Movie Review

Cancer: a Terminal Disease

Only visible progress is observed in the case of breast cancer even though, it is detected in the early stage (3). There are many reasons and characteristic of cancer which makes it incurables some of them are as follows:
Most of the human diseases were classified under two broad categories; 1) genetic diseases and 2) environmental diseases. In genetic diseases, mutation or loss of function in any of the vital genes leads to disease condition and they are generally cured by artificial supplementation of a vital component. For example, in sickle cell anemia where a patient having mutation in both copies of the hemoglobin gene leads to sickle-shaped RBC. The only permanent cure for this disease is bone marrow transplant and gen...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

An 80-Year-Old Woman with Breast Cancer

...Case Study on Human Health & Behaviours - An 80 year old woman with breast cancer - Total Number of Words: 2,811 Table of Contents I. Introduction ………………………………………………………….. 3 II. General Information about the Patient ………………………………. 3 III. Importance of Health and Illness to the Patient …………………….. 4 IV. Patient’s Reaction to Illness …………………………………………... 5 a. Physical Changes ………………………………………….. 7 b. Emotional Changes ………………………………………… 7 c. Cognitive Changes …………………………………………. 8 d. Behavioural Changes ………………………………………. 8 V. Making Health Decisions ………………………………………………. 9 VI. The Impact of Social Influences and Inequalities over the Health Condition of the Patient ……………………………………….. 10 VII. Lifespan Issue...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

Therapeutics of Colon Cancer

...AR Colon Cancer 5/11 Colon Cancer Introduction With the increase in the diagnostic power of diseases and disorders it is noticed thatmany of the diseases and disorders which were previously unknown have become known to the whole world. Colon Cancer (Colo-Rectal Cancer) is the cancer of large intestine which is characterized by previously existing polyposis syndromes. It is seen that the death rates of colon cancer are highest in the United States of America. The high incidence rate of colon cancer in United States is linked to the dietary practices of the population there. This is because it is found that even the migrants from other countries who are living in United States are suffering from the same problem because of the adoption...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Lung Cancer Diagnosis: Where We Are Heading To

...Lung cancer diagnosis where we are heading to? Introduction Lung cancer, like any other cancer is caused by the abnormal growth of cells in the tissue of the lungs. “There are over 1 million deaths world wide due to lung cancer, making it truly an epidemic” (Driscoll 3).Unlike other cells, the cancer cells do not die programmatic death and divide and grow exponentially. Instead of developing into healthy, normal lung tissue, the cells grow uncontrollably and form lumps called tumors. If a tumor remains in one place and show a limited growth, it is commonly considered to be benign. “Cancer that originates from lung cells is called a primary lung cancer. Primary lung cancer can start in the airways that branch off the trachea to supply...
14 Pages(3500 words)Term Paper

An Ecologist Look at Cancer and the Environment

... to originate cancer. Steingraber asserts about hazardous toxins which not only pollute the environment, but also disturb the whole integrity of life and the living (Steingraber, 1997). They actually distort the system in which we eat, drink and breathe. Here the focus of author is on improving farms which are main and actual sources of organic food. In this the author emphasizes on herbicides usage, which are sufficient enough to improve the quality of farming processes. The author reflects on how herbicides have been successful in reducing cancer rates, by preventing food contamination. Author uncovers further harsh facts like how smoking is one of the fundamental causes of lung and other prostate cancers. The author also argues...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Prostate cancer in minority for FREE!

Contact Us