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Illegal drug use continues in the US despite numerous and aggressive enforcement strategies and legislation aimed at illegal drug sales and use (Reuter 512). In addition to illegal drugs, the rate of prescription drug misuse and addiction continues to rise, with Oxycontin being the most common of these drugs (Grau et al. 169). Regardless of whether the drugs are legal or illegal, drug use and addiction has many direct and indirect effects on society including health costs, crime rates, incarceration, rates, and high costs of enforcement and legislation (Reuter 514). However, as evidenced by the steady increase in drug use, current attempts at drug control do not seem to have any significant effect and are apparently not effective, making decriminalization a more effective alternative. An Argument against Decriminalizing or Legalizing Drugs In the article, “Against the Legalization of Heroin,” de Marneffe presents his argument as to why the United States should not legalize or decriminalize illegal drugs (34-40). The first reason he presents against the decriminalization or legalization of illegal drugs in the US is that it would surely lead to an increase in their use (34). While this premise is based solely on speculation and assumption, and not based on facts or evidence, it is the argument most commonly used by individuals opposing drug decriminalization or legalization in the US.
De Marneffe continues the speculation by making the prediction that if drugs (i.e. heroin) were made legal in the US, all adolescents would begin their regular use which would have a detrimental effect on their achievement in the future and general wellbeing (36). This argument is based on the premise that life is especially difficult for adolescents and heroin use is pleasurable, so adolescents would use it regularly to deal with life in general (37). However, like the previously discussed argument, there are no facts or evidence to prove this. In the article, de Marneffe also argues that current drug laws and policies make using illegal drugs (i.e. heroin) more difficult and more expensive, make the drugs less available, reinforce the social norms against using them, and predictably reduce rates of illegal drug use (36). Again, as with his other arguments, there are no facts or evidence supporting this premise; and, the argument is based on speculation and assumption like the other arguments presented in the article (36-7). History of US Drug Laws Throughout the 19th century, illicit drugs such as opium, morphine, cocaine and heroin, were legal in the United States (Echegaray 1217). In 1914, the US Congress passed the first antinarcotics act, the Harrison Act, which was a law controlling the sale and distribution of certain drugs; however, the Harrison Act did not prohibit drugs entirely (1222). The Narcotic Drugs Importation and Export Act dealt with importing and exporting drugs and it was passed in 1922 (1223). By the 1950s, a number of laws were passed that prohibited or restricted using, selling or distributing drugs (i.e. cocaine, heroin) (1225). For example, the Boggs Amendment to the Harrison Act was passed in 1951, establishing a mandatory two-year sentence for convictions of first-time drug offenders; and, the Narcotics Control Act increased penalties for drug
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A teens need to belong within a group is powerful during this period and, along with the fact that they do not yet have the decision-making judgment of adults, often leads to bad choices including choosing to use illegal drugs such as marijuana and alcohol.
Student name Instructor name Course name Date Legalization of Drugs Legalizing marijuana is a concept that is growing in popularity. Proponents claim that it does society more harm than good to incarcerate people for a fairly harmless substance and is hypocritical for alcohol and tobacco to be legal because these substances are, too, physically addictive and deadly.
The war on drugs is a dynamic one in which the line between the law enforcers and the criminals is blurred by the involvement of corrupt law enforcement officers who collude with the traffickers. This corruption explains why there is always a new cartel coming up to replace one that has been brought down.
To boost my skills and knowledge regarding marijuana, I will attend various informative meetings on drug abuse, specifically on marijuana use and its effects on the human body. Brief History of Marijuana Ban According to the US Weapon, the drug was termed illegal from the early 1990s, but after the adoption of the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937, being in possession of marijuana was termed as a crime (1).
Government of various countries have banned drug abuse and passed certain legislations which strictly prohibit drug use. But drug addict find out some way or the other to the banned substance resulting in violence and crime. Husak (2002:67) mentions the reasons why drug is criminalized and mentions strong argument from the parent's point of view those seeking to punish the drug users in order to protect their children but in contrast their children will also be sent to jail under the policy if they use drugs.
ries with the elimination of undesirable drugs as was anticipated, the war on drugs has instead served to heighten violence, contribute to the development of organized crime, fill the prison system past capacity, consume large amounts of capital and has still had very little
example, prescription drugs are obtainable from relatives while other drugs such as alcohol and smoking are easily available at the local retail shops. Currently, subscription drugs are sold at the streets alongside illegal drugs. This makes it easier for underage children as
In the chapter, there is also coverage on the history of drug and use. The section shows reasons in the past for the drug use. The chapter also addresses the challenges that exist in determining the extent of drug use. One of the reasons stated is
It is apparent that with the issue of legalizing marijuana having been contentious in many countries, legalizing it has taken a 180% turn where most people are advocating for its legalization. In Canada, the center for addiction and mental health (CAMH) has been in the frontline in the push for legalizing marijuana.
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