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Parliament's Lawmaking Powers and Democracy : Describe the current legislative system in the UK (i.e. how laws are made) a - Essay Example

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Parliament’s Law-making Powers Introduction The laws of any country continue evolving to fit the requirement of the time and situation. Many basic laws are adopted by all countries such as the constitution and common-law systems. In the reform and enactment of new laws, various legislative bodies are in place to address such concerns…
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Parliaments Lawmaking Powers and Democracy : Describe the current legislative system in the UK (i.e. how laws are made) a
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Download file to see previous pages An active and vigilant constituency will ensure that a better-informed legislation will take place. It is therefore necessary for all concerned to be always in the lookout for opportunities, if not create ways to have their questions and issues be heard by their law makers. This paper will try to describe the law-making process of the United Kingdom in consideration of issues of policy and principle. Describe the current legislative system in the UK (i.e. how laws are made) and analyse, critically, if it is adequate in upholding the idea of democracy, discussing changes that you believe are needed The parliament is in-charge of debating and passing laws in the United Kingdom. There are several reasons why laws are enacted, or that new laws should be passed. Some of the most immediate reasons include the need to address emergency situations like threat on peace and security of the people, terrorism, pressure on the Government to update laws which are no longer applicable, re-interpret, clarify or re-apply “established principles of statute law” are only some of the general reasons (UK Parliament, 2011, P 2). The origins of changes in laws also vary. Professional groups, voluntary organisations as well as pressure groups usually discuss and consult one another prior to the proposal to enact or change a law. During this period, the proposals may seek comments from the public as they take shape and they are usually called Green Papers. Later on, the proposals are contained in government White Papers. However, there is “no requirement for White of Green Papers to be introduced before a Bill is introduced into Parliament,” (UK Parliament, 2011, P 3). The Draft Bill is published to seek consultation and pre-legislative examination or analysis prior to a formal introduction into the House of Commons or House of Lords. They are scrutinised in the stage known as pre-legislative scrutiny by departmental select committee in the Commons, joint committee of Lords or Members of the Commons. “This allows MPs and Members of the Lords to have early influence on the Bill,” (UK Parliament, 2011, P 4). The Bills may be applicable to the whole UK, to a select locality or group, or one or more constituent parts. There are also law-making powers within the Scottish Parliament, the Welsh Assembly, and the Northern Ireland Assembly. It should also be noted that some laws are enacted in compliance with European Union legislation or international organisation mandates where the United Kingdom is a member-signatory (UK Parliament, 2011). Where there is conflict or disagreement between the Commons and the Lords, the Parliament Acts is used. The Parliament Act 1911 was enacted after dissatisfaction with the House of Lords veto power or power to stop legislation, with the exemption of extending the lifetime of a Parliament. It allows the Lords to delay a Bill for up to two years (UK Parliament, 2011). The Parliament Act 1949 further reduced the delay period to only one year. Money Bills that were designed to raise money as well as spend public money originates from the Commons and always granted Royal Assent within a month after the introduction to the House of Lords, with or without passing as the Lords were not allowed to amend Money bills (UK Parliament, 2011). Majority of Common Bills can be delayed by the Lords for up to a year but after that, the Commons reintroduce and pass them (UK Parliament, 2 ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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