StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Discuss nature vs. nurture - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
(Name of of Professor) The Making of the Self Exploring the Factors Influencing Human Behavior The peculiar unfathomable desire of human beings to know more about themselves, their nature and origin, is very much reflected by the production of numerous researches and studies throughout the history…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.1% of users find it useful
Discuss nature vs. nurture
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Discuss nature vs. nurture"

Download file to see previous pages The ‘nature versus nurture’ debate for instance is one of the binaries that offer certain perspectives explaining human attitudes and behavior. Socialization as one of the factors influencing human behavior (Berger and Luckmann 42-50) was primarily introduced by sociologists to emphasize the role of the environment and society in the formation of their self-concept and identity. In the field of psychology, behaviorism on the basis of human instincts and stimulus-response was considered to be one of the major theories that explain human nature. In analysis, in contrast with psychological theories, sociological explanations of human behavior are leaning toward the ‘nurture’ side of the debate; thus, placing psychology on the ‘nature’ side. However, through further studies and exploration of the subject, integrative theories about human behavior are also introduced. Social behaviorism pioneered by George Herbert Mead (1913) and psycho-social development introduced by Erik Erikson (1950) are examples of the integrative works. In this paper, an exploration of ‘nature-nurture’ debate will be presented by examining the basis and foundations of both perspectives. The discussion about the importance of socialization in human thinking and behavior will also be analyzed. Moreover, other factors influencing and explaining human nature will be discussed to see how such matters contribute to the development of human behavior. In the process of human development, many contributing factors are regarded to be influential in one’s growth. In an extreme theoretical position, human experiences are considered to be the primary factor affecting behavior (see Schutz 32). Socialization through interaction with others influences an individual’s way of thinking about his or her reality. More importantly, interaction affects one’s idea of the self as he or she tries to situate him or herself within the context of social categories. In Mead’s The Social Self, he explained how interactions with individuals help us develop our self-consciousness. Socialization with others helps us realize the existence of ‘the other’ and thus, the existence of oneself (Mead 374). Through interaction, the recognition of the ‘I’ becomes possible. Through self-consciousness and the recognition of others around an individual, language becomes a necessary tool to further identify oneself. In here, communication through language is given importance as such eventually explains more about human nature; that is, explaining our uniqueness in contrast with the non-speaking animals. In Mead’s theory, the concept of ‘the social self’ (374-380) ultimately emphasizes the relation of the self to others in the social world. Though the theory is seemingly grounded on abstract concepts, Mead was able to explain his theory objectively with reference to behaviorism. Apparently, Mead’s mature social psychology offered an example of how ideas coming from opposing arenas can be integrated in a single work (see Cook 67). To further explain human behavior, we can also observe how scholars attributes it to human ‘instincts’ and the biological and psychological state of a person. In this perspective, ‘nature’ was considered to be the primary cause of human behavior. In the field of psychology, most established theories are based on this assumption reflecting the preferred ‘objective’ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Discuss nature vs. nurture Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1417593-discuss-nature-vs-nurture
(Discuss Nature Vs. Nurture Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1417593-discuss-nature-vs-nurture.
“Discuss Nature Vs. Nurture Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1417593-discuss-nature-vs-nurture.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Discuss nature vs. nurture

What Are the Effects of Industrial Pollution to Nature in Turkey

It is observed that electroplating and chemical industries are responsible for the generation of a considerable portion of emissions that contain heavy metals, and may affect adversely on human lives and environment. On the other hand, sugar, pharmaceuticals, and textile industries are responsible for the generation of organic pollutants in the atmosphere. Refineries, fertilizers, stone mines, and thermal power units are mainly the causing sectors of contributing a substantial amount of air pollution in the Turkish atmosphere. In specific, sulfur, nitrogen, and hydrogen sulfide are some of the main pollutants that are generated from the burning of fuels in the abovementioned industries in Turkey. Though vehicular sources also cont...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Nature of Contrary

There is literature that explores racism in different contexts but most particularly in terms of economics. For example, in the book “Causes of Prejudice,” Vincent N. Parrillo explored this by pointing out that the motives of prejudiced behavior are complicated, and they are not motivated by a single cause but mingled emotional and behavioral human interactions. In “C. P. Ellis,” Studs Terkel remarks upon how racism is developed and how it influences an individual’s feelings and behavior and describes the dissension between groups.

Racial issues have been endemic and ingrained in all aspects of American life, first as custom, then as law and tradition. For at least a century of American his...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

The Nature of Man: Is Man Good

Augustine will commence. The moderator will be the one to facilitate the discussion for orderly and systematic flow.
Moderator: A pleasant day to all. We are gathered here today to witness the exchange of constructive arguments between two delegates. The first one on my right is a follower of the great political thinker, Aristotle. The one on my left is a passionate believer of St. Augustine. As we all know, Aristotle existed during the Ancient Period while St. Augustine lived in the Medieval Period. Both thinkers have been recognized as the great philosophers who have ever lived.
Before we begin the intellectual exchange of ideas and statements, I will brief you on what is the topic to be touched on. The situation is de...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Suicidal Behaviour: Nature, Nurture and Genetic Factors

Various studies have demonstrated the effect of perinatal and early childhood factors on mental health including suicidal behavior. Glover & OConnor (2002) demonstrated the adverse effects of antenatal maternal stress on the psychological development of the offspring. Brown et al (2000) reported that maternal malnutrition during pregnancy results in a higher incidence of affective disorders in adulthood. Thompson et al (2001) demonstrated similar results with low birth weight. In 2004, Mittendorfer- Rutz et al reported that low birth weight and younger maternal age was associated with suicide in the offsprings when they became young adults. In 2006, Riordian et al studied the relationship between perinatal circumstances and su...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

Cultural Value Orientations: German vs. Turkish

When organizational culture is discussed in the context of national culture, it is based on certain assumptions. According to Schein (2004 qt. Browaeys and Price 2008) culture can be defined as:

"...a set of basic assumptions - shared solutions to universal problems of external adaptation (how to survive) and internal integration (how to stay together) - which have evolved over time and are handed down from one generation to the next".

External adaptation here refers to factors or culture which the management can control while internal integration means the relationship which binds them to the group. In this context management styles and approaches are often influenced by the cultural value orientation - that...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

A democratic political system is an essential condition for sustained economic progress. Discuss

What is now clear is that democracy is superior when it comes to countries that have a heterogeneous mix of people and cultures since it is imperative that all sections of society be carried along if the process of economic development has to succeed. In case this does not happen, the concerned country faces the risk of social unrest and the inability of the government to carry all the citizens along with the process of economic development.

If we look at some of the competing ideologies of the 20th century. Communism was the dominant ideology of many countries of the eastern bloc. The basic tenet of communism is the absence of private profit and state ownership of the factors of production. This means that all workers...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper

The British Constitution vs The Human Rights Act 1998

This research essay analyses the above statement and arrives at a conclusion.
Integration of the provisions of ECHR into U.K’s domestic law by way of HRA 1998 can be regarded as revolutionary as it facilitates the majority of the ECHR rights provisions directly applicable in the U.K. Before that integration, a U.K Court has to presume that when there is a clash between U.K’s domestic law and ECHR rights provision, the ECHR rights provision will always prevail. This principle has been laid down in R v Secretary of Home Dept ex parte Brind1 and R v Secretary of Home Dept ex parte Thakrar. 2
Courts have now the power to declare any statue which they find incompatible with ECHR provisions and order for fine-tunin...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

The Nature of God and Its Relation to Mission

It is God's agent in history, through whom He works by historical processes. Men learn of God and respond to Him in the context of their whole lives as personal, social beings because of the activity of the Christian community. Thesis Mission theology occupies a central role in religious teaching and supported by the main dogmas and principles of theology.

The main texts Genesis 12, Exodus 9 and 19, Numbers 14, several parts in Deuteronomy, Joshua, 1 Samuel, 1 King, 1 Chronicle, Psalm, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Micah, Habbakuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi. Jonah's story is considered a missionary book of the Old Testament1. Christians have so understood their role. Jesus' understanding of his role...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

In What Ways Did 20th Century Conflicts Change the Nature of Western Introspection

The 20th century period was marked by several conflicts: World War I, the Holocaust, World War II, the exploitation of Latin American countries, Racial Segregation and the Negro Revolution which spawned the Civil Rights Movement in America and the Feminist Movement.

The Holocaust is admittedly one of the most horrific events in the history of mankind and the impact of the horrors it brought changed the way Ellie Wiesel sees his faith. While Jews are known for their orthodox and unquestioning faith in God, Wiesel’s experiences in the concentration camps of Auschwitz compelled her to question God’s existence. In Night, Wiesel tells of the unspeakable hanging of a young boy who was left dangling for thirty min...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

John Rawls vs Robert Nozick: Social Justice

It is logical to look at political philosophy within the framework of history and ethics emerging from it. As could be observed, the question of justice, and how we perceive its nature has remained the prime concern throughout history. This will include, among other things, the existence of specific obligations towards each other and towards the state, the existence of natural rights, claims of property/liberty and equality.

In face of this, the Anglo-American political philosophy has seen famous philosophers like John Rowels, Robert Nozick and recently Amritya Sen to focus on issues and arguments concerning the above...(political Philosophy, 2005 pp1)

As political philosophy is about politics mainly, it s...

6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Discuss nature vs. nurture for FREE!

Contact Us