Nobody downloaded yet

PAPER - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Lidia M. Lujan Professor BIOL 2406 Environmental Biology Spring, 2011 Water Issue: Floating Garbage Patches Are they real? Are there really floating islands of garbage and plastic to be found in our oceans? Yes, they exist really! The hard to recognize, but definitely present, enormous areas of floating garbage, kill many sea animals and release toxins, that can even come into our own food chains…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.5% of users find it useful
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample

Download file to see previous pages Most of the litter is so small that it is present in the top layer of the water columns. Due to this fact, they are very hard to see, even with a satellite view. These plastics end up in stomachs of birds and marine animals. Not only the larger animals are affected, but whole eco-systems (starting with the smaller fish or jellyfish) can be suffering from hormonal disruptions and toxins. The water and wind currents have gathered masses of garbage in some kind of soup. Scientists say that the biggest one, the Pacific Garbage Patch, is about the size of the state of Texas (UNEP). The Creation of the Garbage Patches At first, the thought was that the islands were formed by the water currents in the oceans, gathering all the rubbish. But, the rubbish also seemed to come from the land, where the wind takes it and brings it out to the sea. According to researches, 80% of the plastic in the sea originates from land and roughly 20% comes from boats (Greenpeace Int.). A passenger cruise ship can produce about eight tons of solid waste every week (Greenpeace Int.). Most of this waste is organic, but much of it will directly go the garbage patches. Due to the currents in the oceans, the garbage is contained and trapped in the swirling waters. Because of these currents, several garbage patches were created in our oceans; the North Atlantic Gyre, the South Atlantic Gyre, the Indian Ocean Gyre, the South Pacific Gyre and the North Pacific Gyre. The patches were already predicted in 1988, in a research paper from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). This research was based on measurements of plastic and concentrations of marine debris in the North Pacific Ocean (Day). The Problems of the Garbage Patches Plastic does not decay, but disintegrates into constantly smaller particles, till the molecular level. The molecules don’t decay any further and stay plastic polymers. Because they don’t fall apart, they stay afloat in the top layers of the water, where they are easily mistaken for food by fish and birds, that normally would get their food out of this part of the water (Greenpeace Int.). These animals will eat the plastic and give the toxins to their young, which sometimes die because of this. When the dead animals decay and end up back in the ocean, the plastic will return as well, where it can kill again. The levels of toxins in the water can become very high (Morton). Smaller fish, which swallow the toxins, are also food for other sea life like turtles or albatrosses, which will swallow the toxins and so on and so forth, until the chemicals end up on our own diner plate as well. The United Nations Environment Program (2005) says that the plastic is responsible for the deaths of more than 1.000.000 million seabirds and more than 100.000 sea animals, like whales, dolphins and seals. Further investigation has concluded that at least 267 animal species are being affected by this pollution (Greenpeace Int.). Around 6.4 million tons of litter comes into the seas every year. 8 million items are dumped in the sea every day, of which 5 million is thrown from ships (UNEP). The plastic does not only stay at the top of the water, it also sinks to the bottom. Here it covers and smothers the coral and sea life on the bottom of the ocean (UNEP). Greenpeace claims that about 70% of the plastic that ends up in the sea, will eventually ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“ESSAY PAPER Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(ESSAY PAPER Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“ESSAY PAPER Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
United States of America vs Ike Brown
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Stereotypes Essay Paper
...? Since the beginning of the world, people living in different groups had various views or opinions about the other groups; these opinions were mainly assumed or prejudged. The distinguishing qualities which God created in human beings to gift each individual with a unique quality, has become a reason to suffer from, due to stereotypes in the society. Racial discrimination, biases and stereotypes are not a current dilemma for society; it has been present within our societies for ages. Though these stereotypes are less visible on the surface but they are still present and leave damaging impressions on people who come into contact with them. Stereotypes are not only the source of long term suffering for others but they are also... Since the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Autism Essay Paper
... Autism The scientific definition of autism is developmental or growth disorder that occurs in a person’s brain in the early stages of life i.e. between one to three years. It affects a person’s ability to relate to, communicate with, and view to his environment (Volkmar 3). Scientific research reveals that autism is a spectrum condition. In this regard, it means that people who suffer autism share certain disabilities and it affects individuals in different ways. Observable effects show that some people are able to lead unaided life while others require assistance during learning sessions. Research on causes of autism has revealed that environment and genetics play a vital role on its causes (National Institute of Neurological... Autism The...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Marketing Essay Paper
...? Marketing Contents Contents 2 Child Rights and You (CRY) 4 Micro and Macro Environments of CRY UK 4 Micro Environment 4 Macro Environment 5 SWOT Analysis of CRY 5 Strength 5 Weakness 6 Opportunity 6 Threats 7 Key Areas of Competitive Advantage in CRY’s Website 7 GAP Analysis of CRY’s Website Application 8 Strategic Recommendations 8 Competitor’s Reactions 9 Assumptions about the Future Market for CRY UK 9 References 11 Child Rights and You (CRY) Child Rights and You or CRY is a Non-Government Organisation established in India that works for the development and rights of the poor children who are victims of malnutrition, illiteracy, child labour and like social menaces. The main objectives of the organisation is to raise... Marketing...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Health Sciences and Medicine
8 Pages(2000 words)Book Report/Review
Essay paper
... Extra-Credit Writing: Psychology Part A: It was a calm Saturday noon. I was in the woods, a small forested edge in our college that had resting benches for student who would occasionally want to take repose in woods. Below the canopy of the tall pine trees was a perfect carpet of trimmed green gas. It was just a half past noon and the place seemed vacated. The usual presence of students resting on the benches under the woods was non existent on that particular day except for a male and female student that seemed busy on their tablet. They were seated on bench approximately 50 meters from where I sat. The sun was shining bright from the blue skies. I took my seat and sat quietly for about an hour. Part B: While staying... Extra-Credit...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Military Essay Paper
... Introduction: The Armed Forces of United s of America consists of Army, Air Force, Navy, Coast Guard and Marine Corps. U.S. has a tradition of strong civilian control of the military. The main head of military is the President. The American military is one the best in the world but like other armed forces of the world is has got some problems. Currently U.S. military is facing issue of the presence of homosexuals in the military. There are also reports of women getting abused and raped within the military and in most of the cases the culprit goes unpunished. In order to overcome these problems all the necessary laws must be implemented properly and we should stop supporting fraternal culture. Current issues of the U.S. Military... Introducti...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Module 5 - Case Managing Workplace Safety and Health
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment
Essay paper
...Globalization Globalization has been defined by the oxford dictionary as the process by which businesses or other organizations develop international influence or start operating on an international scale. Friedman (2011) wrote that the world is flat; his way of saying that globalization is taking over and whoever resists this fact will be left behind and might never be able to catch up with the rest. Consequently, different countries are now doing business with each and adopting policies and also mindsets of the others. Globalization has affected many sectors of our lives, but there the three major ones impacted by globalization include economy, culture and education. The economy; Globalization has affected the economy in both... Globalizatio...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Art Essay Paper
...VISUAL ARTS AND FILM STUDIES al Affiliation: Introduction The art of Europe describes the chronological development ofvisual art in the European continent. This paper will contrast and analyze in detail the Renaissance, and Baroque periods of art in Europe. By giving relevant examples of artistic works, the emphasis of this analysis will be on the subject matter, interpretation and style, context and emotion illustrated in the art of the different periods. A personal reflection regarding the impact of the art in different periods will also be offered. Western Art Periods Renaissance Period The Renaissance is the period after the Middle Age; it was in this period that the interest and enthusiasm for the values of ancient...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic ESSAY PAPER for FREE!
Contact Us