Introduction The realism which is defined by philosophers is one which varies according to perspective and the associations which one has in society and politics. When analyzing different concepts of realism, it can be seen that the different angles to this philosophy alter the understanding of the effectiveness of realism…
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The normative and critical dimensions to realism are non – existent, specifically because of the scientific thought process used with realism, as opposed to the moral perspective considered with normative and critical dimensions. These dimensions specifically point out that realism can’t be used as a theory alone and instead is contradicted by the other perspectives. In turn, the philosophies of realism become related only to one perspective or experience that builds the ideology. The main concept of realism is based on the ideal that political realms can associate with anarchy among nations while creating a basis among moral standards and policies within society based on reason and logical thought. When opposing realism, one would state that religious beliefs, morality and other actions which one takes go against realism because of the lack of liberalism and free will. The opposition to this is based on the concept that realism is idealistic in nature and doesn’t look at the natures of how men would act without a governmental structure based only on morals. The realism is defied specifically because individuals, social groups and politicians would naturally move toward alterations in the balances of power and would oppose the enforcements of moral codes placed on society as a whole. More important, there wouldn’t be a direct link to the theology of creating the moral society, as opposed to actions that would show the morals work in conjunction with the laws (Brink, 1989: 4). Understanding the depth of these debates, as well as the critiques which show the opposition to this then creates a question of the truth of realism and how it can work within politics and in shaping the social and moral dimensions for a different approach to society. International Relations as a Critique of Idealism While realism is critiqued by several, there are different concepts which show the normative philosophies and ideals which one carries. The realist theory in international relations is one of the places in which the philosophy applies. The main concept of the realist theory in international relations includes the interaction between sovereign authorities, national interests which create a balance to powers and international balances of powers which can be used to assist with the growth of different nations and the welfare related to international relations. From the realist viewpoint, there is the ability to create specific policies and laws that foster these relations and which assist in balancing the power between various nations. However, there isn’t the ability to truly balance powers and work from a means of equality between nations, specifically because governance is different and holds the desire for power. The realism is based on the nations and sovereignties building national interests in terms of morality. However, this particular concept would remain imbalanced, specifically because there is continuously a struggle for international powers to change the laws and ideologies which they hold in society through the morality or lack of consciousness from political leaders (Rosenberg, 11: 2001). The concept of realism in international relations is one which was expanded on and led into realism that could become the idealism of international relations. E Carr was a leader in this, specifically with the belief that the idealism created could build into an international sense of realism and world federalism. This would mean
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