Bipolar Disorder - Essay Example

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BIPOLAR DISORDER Author Institute Proposal This paper will serve to explain a very important psychiatric illness which is known as bipolar disorder. The name derives from two episodes which are experienced in this condition namely the depressive episode and the maniac episode…
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Download file to see previous pages Outline Bipolar disorder is a psychiatric illness which has been presenting with many cases in the past few years. It is characterized by mood swings which include a period of being very happy and high and a subsequent change of episode into a depressive mode when the person feels down and becomes depressed. The disorder can become severe and the patient may have hallucinations. The treatment for the condition is both pharmacological and non pharmacological. The pharmacological treatment includes mood stabilizers, anti-depressants and anti psychotics. The non-pharmacological treatment includes psycho therapy, electroconvulsive therapy, psycho-education, family intervention and behavioral therapy. Abstract The diagnosis of psychiatric illnesses has resulted in increased presentation of patients suffering from these conditions. Bipolar disorder is one such condition which has increased by more than 40 times in the years from 1993 to 2003 for the individuals below the age of 19 according to the statistics of the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. Bipolar disorder is a condition which is characterized by mood swings in the patients. The patient becomes over active and happy in certain periods whereas at other times he becomes depressed and sad. These two swings can be characterized as maniac episodes and depressive episodes respectively. The exact pathology of the condition has not been recognized. Treatment for the condition includes both pharmacological therapy as well as non pharmacological treatment to improve the condtion of the patient. Bipolar Disorder The advancements in the field of medical science and the carrying out of researches have led to the easier and timely diagnosis of different pathological conditions. Bipolar disorder is an example of one such psychiatric illness which is now being diagnosed at higher rates. According to the findings of the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics, the number of cases diagnosed with bipolar disorder between the year 1993 till 2003 increased from approximately 20,000 to 800,000. These statistics are particularly for the age group below 19. An interesting characteristic of this disease is that it has a greater predilection towards the males. The condition is mainly characterized by unusual mood swings that is there are two phases in a person’s mood that is he may be very active and happy at one time followed by periods of extreme lows and depression. The exact pathology which leads to this condition is yet unknown but it is considered that it may result due to variations in the levels of neurotransmitters. (Myers 2010; Quinn 2007) The bipolar disorder is a condition whose characteristic sign is the changes moods of the patients and knowledge regarding the disorder by the doctor is extremely important for its diagnosis. It is an episodic disorder with the patient presenting with episodes of different moods. At one time the person becomes very happy and extremely active and at another instance he may become sad and lazy. The phase of hyperactivity and happiness is referred to as the maniac episode whereas the phase where the individual is sad is called as the depressive episode. The symptoms of the condition need close monitoring for reaching to the diagnosis but at certain instances the symptoms become very alarming and it becomes clear that the patient is suffering from a psychiatric condition. The analysis of the mood changes is the only way of reaching to a definitive diagnosis for the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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