Nobody downloaded yet

Historical origins of sociology - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The field of sociology grew out of society's response to rapid change in social and industrial formation. Sociology represents the study of that change. It attempts to explain the way in which men and women built civil structures, why and how they were built in order aid social organization…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.5% of users find it useful
Historical origins of sociology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Historical origins of sociology"

Download file to see previous pages Auguste Comte responded to the aftermath of the French Revolution and could see changes to society occurring with the coming of the Industrial Revolution. He is often credited as being the “father” of sociology. Comte sought to apply the scientific method and concepts of rationality which he defined as positivism to study human social forms. The field of sociology was formalized in the modern period by such thinkers as Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, and Karl Marx. East of these thinkers presented different theories that first sought to describe the way social and civic units were organized. These theories explained the importance of certain habits such as religion, aggression, or the way work was organized. In the West, Durkheim, Weber, and Marx are seen as the 'founders' of sociology as their theories, methods, and insights can still be used to understand and develop new concepts dealing with social phenomena today (Bilton et al, p. 5). But what is interesting is to raise the question did sociology exist even before these thinkers arrived on the scene. Or if it didn't, what did it mean in other periods of history. Certainly there were thinkers who studied their societies at other periods of history, possibly in the same way that current thinkers study their societies. One can imagine an advisor to an Egyptian pharaoh saying to the king that the poor community should be organized in such and such a way. He may say that they should be next to bodies of water and arid land and as well to a military community. He would explain to the kind that the people who are currently paying the most taxes are the middle class and that they even recognize their responsibilities more to this one god than this other god. The king would ask why and the ancient Egyptian sociologist would then describe the history of the forefathers of that group of middle class people, to make it appear that their religion served certain needs which should be provided for. Durkheim, Weber, and Marx each studied the social organizations and the religions of various ancient societies. Also each of these thinkers eventually wrote works that were specialties and represented individual concentrations of each writer. For example, Durkheim wrote books on religion and also on suicide. Marx, of course is the most known of the thinkers. His work was more or less in economics and social theory that dealt with classes (Bilton et al, p. 100). Marx's partner, Engels wrote a books on the English working class. Weber's most famous book was The Protestant Ethnic and the Spirit of Capitalism", but he had also written on Roman medieval societies. Weber ventured outside his comfort themes to write about religion and Asian societies. He wrote about ancient Confucianism and Taoism. He also wrote on Hinduism and Buddhism. Durkheim and Marx also had studied different religions. Durkheim demonstrated the importance of religion in forming early societies and how some of its standard activities merged into civic activities. Durkheim’s theory of anomie, social deviance, today forms the basis for which many sociologists and criminologists build theories of social deviance and subcultures (Bilton et al, p. 386). His theories concerning the division of labor among growing societies help provide good understanding of Marx (who wrote before him) and other theorists. The early thinkers of western sociology were also familiar with economics. It was the changes which the Industrial Revolution had placed ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Historical origins of sociology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Historical Origins of Sociology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Historical Origins of Sociology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Historical origins of sociology


...traits would you look for? Based solely on his or her appearance the physical traits that I would find most noticeable for the mere purpose of the judgment of an individual’s social class would be firstly how finely the person is dressed. Branded clothes along with matching accessories would automatically place the individual into belonging to a high income bracket whereas being shabbily dressed would indicate a much more limited spending power and hence a lower social class depiction. Secondly how the individual’s hair is styled and maintained clearly depicts his social standing. Professionally styled hair comprises of a lot of cost associated with hair maintenance as well as the original styling cost which would help...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...and Nichols 35). The five-dollar workday (equivalent to 100 US$ in current terms) was originally launched in the Ford Motor Company. Fundamentally, Fordism is about increased mass production via technological advancements. Ford’s preoccupation and devoted interest in the assembly line was considered revolutionary and phenomenal during the time when the assembly line was just an everyday tool. It was Ford who unleashed the effectiveness of the assembly line in his car manufacturing business. Like Taylorism, Fordism also gives importance to the decomposition of complex and complicated tasks into simpler ones, yet with the aid of specialised tools (Gilbert et al. 64). For Fordism, technological tools would allow for a very...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay


...?Sociology A teaching must present the information in a manner that draws the attention of the individuals taking the if they are to be effective. Some professors treat their presentation in much the same way as they write, factual and true, yet dry in presentation. Erving Goffman presented the idea that people are purely social creatures when it comes to the basic interaction among others. “When an individual enters the presence of others, they commonly seek to acquire information about him or to bring into play information about him already possessed” (Newman, O'Brien, 2006) This means that necessarily the professor must be willing to give up some of themselves, so that they can better interact and understand their...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay


...?"Sociology of Globalization" According to sociologist Roland Robertson: “Globalization as a concept refers both to the compression of the world and the intensification of consciousness of the world as a whole…both concrete global interdependence and consciousness of the global whole in the twentieth century.” (Sociology of Globalization). "Yes, globalization is different from the previous eras, but it is a boon of technological advances, where mass communication is not confined to books and newspapers while spreading its domain to access and fetch information from any corner of the world". Life is much more convenient as compared to the earlier eras, where only a few could afford telephones and could...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay


...? Sociology SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE In accordance to Peter Berger (1963) sociological perspective could be described as the seeing of what is general to people in a way. From this, it could be deduced that sociology seeks to know how society shapes the lives of people. In sociology, people in the society get studied in a number of ways. The perspective from which sociology views the society is quite different from the way a normal person could view it. Sociology by the help of the sociological perspective achieves viewing the society from another angle. It is by the use of the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Sociology of Work: Contemporary and Historical Discrimination

...Sociology of Work: Contemporary and Historical Discrimination It is a heavily held American belief that if individual exercises enough self-discipline and work hard enough, they will succeed. However, sociologists prove that a person effort has never been sufficient to succeed. Majority of Americans feel that young white men normally have a labor market advantage more than young black men since whites are smarter, willing to work harder, or have better work orientations, yet the genesis of this is attributed to market-orientation. Comparing the white versus the black and Latino men, there are no character, academic, or work-orientation differences, yet Latino and black men fared the worst in the labor...
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper

Sociology, the welfare state system and the family and community system. The Temple Bar Regeneration project in Dublin will be used as a case study. The paper will use a triangulation of a review of available literature in urban regeneration and lessons learnt from the failure of Dublin’s Temple Bar Regeneration project. Background to the Temple Bar Regeneration Project The project focused on the culture-led regeneration strategies which have since been adopted by many other regeneration projects across the world. The Temple Bar area was historically significant to the people of Dublin who wanted to preserve it in its original state. Despite strong opposition from residents of Dublin and other stakeholders,...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Family Origins

...The Origin of my Family Family Origins Introduction I am an Italian, born in a family of three and my great-grandparents happen to have immigrated to America from Europe. The history of my family dates back in 1890’s, a generation which came to obtain permanent residence here in U.S.A. by emigrating from Europe. History records that the greatest immigration took place from the early 1800’s to 1930’s which led to full settlement in U.S.A (Shane, 2005). This essay analyses three generations of my family who can be incorporated to this group because they came from Europe in 1890. It discloses the history, which stretches back to the times of my great-grandparents who made a decision of residing in U.S.A....
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...College: Visual Arts and Film Studies In Mesopotamia, cultural exchanges influenced the arts of different peoples. The original inhabitants of the land, Sumerians, had their own cultures and arts. However, since the land had no barriers, other communities and cultures moved into Mesopotamia and introduced their cultures, which influenced the original Sumerian culture. Among the early communities that moved into Mesopotamia are the Babylonians and Assyrians. The Babylonians and Assyrians carried with them their cultures, including their arts. Ultimately, these cultures blended with that of the Sumerians. The evidence of this is in the effect of the cultural integration into the original...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Historical Origins Of Racism In The United States

...Historical Origins Of Racism In The United States BOOK REVIEW: Winthrop D. Jordan, born in 1931, was among the tremendous historians of United States of America that discussed in detail the subject of prevailing racism, discrimination and slavery in contemporary US society. The author received a bachelor degree from Harvard University after which he became a management trainee to gain some practical work experience. Winthrop Jordan completed his graduation in Colonial American history from Clark University in followed by a Ph.D. in the American History from Brown University in 1960. After few years, the author became a full-time university teacher when he became part of University of California’s...
2 Pages(500 words)Book Report/Review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Historical origins of sociology for FREE!

Contact Us