Nobody downloaded yet

Terrorism, Urban Guerrillas, The Case of Greece, Interaction of the phenomenon with the city - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Imaginary taking over Symbolic Terrorism by its conventional definition might be defined as “a collusive, symmetrical dance of reciprocal suicide” (Griset and Mahan, 2003, p.191). Bruce Hoffman defines terrorism as the meeting point of violence with politics in order to generate power…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.6% of users find it useful
Terrorism, Urban Guerrillas, The Case of Greece, Interaction of the phenomenon with the city
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Terrorism, Urban Guerrillas, The Case of Greece, Interaction of the phenomenon with the city"

Download file to see previous pages Coming to violence, there has been an evolution of the means and methods used in the past and those of the modern twenty first century. The barbarity of the old form of violence cannot be expected to come back in modern sophisticated times. However as Baudrillard observes, the violence of the old “was more enthusiastic and more sacrificial than ours” (Baudrillard, 1993, p. 75). In contrast, the violence of modern times is more of “terror” struck by the changing ideologies of hypermodernity. Hoffman calls this a “simulacrum of violence”. This change in the form and objectives of the terrorists over the years can be explained with the psychoanalysis of Baudrillard and Lacan and the interplay of the symbolic and the imaginary. It is also important to note here the role of the unconscious, its connection to the Real and the way it is related to terrorists’ activities (without any definite objective). Terrorists function with the bigger goal of stimulating the psyche of the masses across the word and creating a strong global impact, thus acting within a symbolic order and trying to create meaning. A simulacrum is the representation of the reality according to Borges fable where the map represented the changing territories of the Empire. Simulation can no more be anything substantial; it is rather something, which originates from nothing or a ‘void’, ideally referred as the ‘hyperreal’ - “truth that hides the fact that there is none” (Baudrillard, 1994, p.1). The act of simulation refers to the pretention of having something which one does not possess. However this simulation might challenge or threaten the gap between what is true and false or the real and the imaginary. For instance, a person who pretends to be sick needs to produce some of the symptoms of the illness to make it look like the truth. Now if illnesses can be produced then medicine does not hold its significance. Psychoanalysis explains this as the transfer of the “symptom of the organic order to the unconscious order: the latter is new and taken for “real” more real than the other.” (Baudrillard, 1994, p.3) Baudrillard in his work The Transparency of Evil refers to such simulation of terrorism the result of a ‘plunge into the void’ by the society (Baudrillard, 1993, p.76). Normally, the military law would punish the simulator after he is unmasked, following the identification norm. Military psychology avoids Cartesian certainties and believes that if one is good at producing the symptoms then one actually is that good. The unconscious is therefore the real to Baudrillard (Baudrillard, 1994, p.4). The relation is no more similar to the map and the territory. The relation can be more easily explained by the mention of the screen, which evokes the passion for the action. It is all about the violence in form of image. Baudrillard stresses on the presence of media when he observes this – “it is advisable not to be in a public place where television is operating, considering the high probability that its very presence will precipitate a violent event” (Baudrillard, 1993, p. 75). The media therefore provides a modern dimension to the incidence of violence. The causes when analyzed do not refer to the typical political, sociological or psychological reasons, which can explain such events. It is rather about publicity, which creates the mass appeal required. The same thing happened where hijackers ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Terrorism, Urban Guerrillas, The Case of Greece, Interaction of the Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Terrorism, Urban Guerrillas, The Case of Greece, Interaction of the Essay)
“Terrorism, Urban Guerrillas, The Case of Greece, Interaction of the Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Terrorism, Urban Guerrillas, The Case of Greece, Interaction of the phenomenon with the city

Urban Regeneration Practice: 'Eco-City'

...?URBAN REGENERATION PRACTICE: DEVELOPMENT OF ‘ECO Introduction Over the last two decades, various measures have been taken to render cities environmentally and socially sustainable. This has resulted in the new phenomenon known as ‘ecocity’. During the 1980s and the 1990s, the term ‘ecocity’ remained as a concept pertaining to ideas of sustainable urban planning, transportation, housing, public participation and social justice. In the first decade of the twenty-first century, the phenomenon appears to have become increasingly global and mainstream, with international “recognition of the scale and severity of climate change, and rapid urbanisation particularly in the developing world” (Joss 2010: 239). The term ‘ecocity’ builds... an enduring...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay

Sustainable Urban Development at the City level

...? Sustainable development is a very successive approach to increase in the economy of the nation. The phenomena to sustain your area regarding resources, effective technology, infrastructure, domestic needs, safe and green environment and education are in pursuit not only by developing nations but also the developed nations. Sustainable urban development is one of the very important aspect of the sustainable development because the world’s population is moving towards the urban areas at the faster rates ever, and without the sustainable urban development it would be impossible for the big cities especially to sustain for a long time because overpopulation and improper relocation of the all resources could occur in biggest problems... . In...
28 Pages(7000 words)Essay


...progress as a result of management and financial efforts made since the mid-1990s. Its environmental policy has been modernized and driven by EU environmental legislation, a search for improved quality of life in the larger cities (Athens, Thessaloniki) and, to some extent, the advantages of a positive environmental image internationally (e.g. for tourism). Nevertheless, the remaining environmental progress to be made, along with economic growth prospects and the likely increase in environmental demands as income grows, necessitate environmental reform” (Greece). Greece is very rich in vegetation. Notwithstanding that the soils are dry, there many valleys with good conditions for...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

The Phenomenon Of Terrorism

...engage in production due to fear of making losses from the terrorism (Scherer, 2005). Body Causes of terrorism Ethnicity and separation are two factors that significantly contribute to terrorism in different countries. Individuals from nations that are not united tend to cause trouble to other nations as a way of finding the key cause of disagreements to their own nations (Bjorgo, 2005). Separation among different nations can also be explained by political and religious differences. This also brings in the issue of racism in a country. When a country has some form of inequality, it will definitely have many terrorism cases because people will not be...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper


...Greek Art in Transition The ical Revolution” of the fifth century BC in Greece represents the endof the “Conceptual” view of the world that had been seen in earlier cultures. The Archaic Period (roughly identified as the years between 600-500 BC) was a period of intense transition from the ‘old’ world styles of flattened figures and animorphed images combining the figures of animals and humans in different ways for different meanings to the ‘new’ world styles which included more humanism in expression and optical experience reflected in the art forms. These changes from the strongly Egyptian influenced archaic to the more natural influence of the classical can be traced through the various changes in vase decorations...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Texas City Case Study

...Word Count 1857: Texas Assessment Task 591 Identify Laudable and Culpable Decision ranked in order by merit and demerit Reaction to the Disaster British Petroleum’s reaction to the disaster in Texas City, in which they ultimately decided to invest one billion dollars to upgrade and maintain the plant facilities, was perhaps the single most laudable decision during the course of the disaster and its aftermath. The company’s reaction however was mixed as initial reports were inaccurate, and misleadingly so, about the causes of the disaster, and therefore the responsibility for it, directly contradicting initial promises of a full investigation. Proximate Causes The disaster occurred when “an ‘isom’ at Texas...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Denver City Council Ban on Urban Camping

...There is a need to ban urban camping in the city of Denver following the lack of available housing, which leaves many homeless people with no choice but to survive on the streets of the cities. In Denver, almost 30% of the homeless population is newly homeless. The Denver Rescue Mission has reported a 10% increase in its services.1 The numbers have continued to add up, hence, the notion of urban camping. Ideally camping should be a fun outing with family, friends in the open. The city of Denver has no existing laws that specifically and directly make it illegal to carry out unauthorized camping. The proposed ordinance seeks to define the word camping, to...
3 Pages(750 words)Case Study

Terrorism Case

...the adoption of this policy as expensive and time consuming concerning the screening equipment and the training of canine squads. Despite the opposition witnessed at the start of the implementation of the policy, stakeholders resolved to adopt it as passenger safety was on top of their priority list. Moreover, the Transportation Security Administration also implemented the use of registered screeners to serve as the inspection agency at the transport terminals hence making them liable in case terror threats occur within the terminals (Shearman & Mcdougall, 2006). However, some congressional representatives did not agree with the TSA in terms of outsourcing screeners at national airports and other...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Case Analysis - Political Interaction

...CASE ANALYSIS: POLITICAL INTERACTION Lobbying has been a topic of debate and controversy for a long time with different people having negative and positive perceptions on its prevalence as part of the core activities under the political interactions. However, even with the media houses and a large part of population against lobbying, corporations still engage in it as one of the most popular relations the corporate world has with the government. Court rulings make such an interaction possible with the summary conclusions that lobbying as free speech that has extensive protection from the constitution; however, there are multiple restrictions, in form of regulations limiting how lobbyists can appeal national administration... management, most...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Urban Geography of Tokyo City

...Urban Geography of Tokyo TA’s Actual and Relative Location of the Tokyo is the largest and capital ofJapan. It is located on the Tokyo Bay, a Pacific Ocean inlet, in the east- central Honshu. The City is a section of the bigger Tokyo prefecture or metropolis. In addition, the metropolis is a section of the Tokyo- Yokohama Metropolitan Area also known as the Greater Tokyo (Encyclopedia Britannica Kids, 2015). Regionally, it is at the Kanto, southeastern part of the Honshu Island. It was founded as Edo in the 1100s and renamed Tokyo after becoming the imperial capital in 1868. Tokyo is one of the forty- seven prefectures of Japan and holds the Japanese government and the Emperor of Japan. Map of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Terrorism, Urban Guerrillas, The Case of Greece, Interaction of the phenomenon with the city for FREE!

Contact Us