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This damage is similar in severity to the damage of those who suffer from lung cancer (Zimmer & Morgan, 2007, p. 20). The mildest respiratory effects of the consumption of marijuana include bronchitis, exacerbated phlegm production as well as emphysema. A study revealed that 36% of patients admitted to the hospital in the United States with flue-like symptoms were suffering from the side effects of consuming marijuana (Tashkin et al., 2004, p. 2). Moreover, in severe cases, heavy marijuana users may develop lethal complications. Hence, a massive Swedish study in 2013 has identified that 40 years of marijuana consumption double the risk of having lung cancer (Callaghan et al., 2013, pp. 1811-1820). Moreover, has a disastrous effect on cardiovascular system. Therefore, marijuana accelerates heartbeat and may provoke inflammatory processes in blood vessels. Moreover, a group of researchers from Birmingham, UK, has concluded that marijuana is likely to increase the risk of arrhythmias as well as causes dizziness and provokes falls (Krishnamoorthy et al., 2009, pp. 851-856).
Furthermore, due to ethical concerns, the studies aimed to investigate the relationship between the consumption of marijuana and reproduction. The studies conducted on primates revealed that with the chronic consumption of marijuana sperm count decreased by a margin of 61% in males. Fertility in females decreased by up to 53%. Moreover, even with the surviving sperm cells their motility and ability to fertilize egg cells was significantly degraded (Zimmerman & Raj, 2007, p. 10).
Krishnamoorthy, S., Lip, G., & Lane, D. (2009). Alcohol and Illicit Drug Use as Precipitants of Atrial Fibrillation in Young Adults: A Case Series and Literature Review. The American Journal of Medicine, 122(9), 851-856.
Zimmerman, S. & Raj, A. Y. (2007). Effects of cannabinoids on spremtogenesis in mice. In G. G. Nahas and W. D. M. Paton
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The current situation sees cannabis as a controlled or even criminalized substance in many parts of the world. The purpose of this exploratory paper is to determine through research whether this is the correct course of action particularly in terms of the State of California after assessing the effects that criminalization will have on public health and economy.
Cannabis has been used in therapeutic purposes for several centuries already, but during the previous century its use have been strictly limited, as this substance became a subject of misuse and abuse. Since the use of cannabis as a medication was forbidden in the U.S in 1937 the continuous struggle has been led between the supporters and the opponents of using this substance for treatment of certain conditions.
Marijuana, which is another name for this drug, more widespread than the word cannabis is defined as a "preparation made from the dried flower clusters and leaves of the cannabis plant, usually smoked or eaten to induce euphoria." in an entry on the Free Dictionary Website.
The active ingredient in cannabis and marijuana is THC, which affects the brain's rate of turning over dopamine and serotonin, and also affects the electrical properties of nerve membranes. Thus, use of cannabis distorts an individual's perception of reality, and can cause hallucinations, delusions, psychosis and severe anxiety.
Marijuana is a mixture of shred leaves, stem, and flower buds of the Cannabis sativa plant. Marijuana is frequently smoked, however in some cases it can be eaten, blended with food, or prepared as a tea, generally, smoking marijuana will activate effects more rapidly and as expected as compared to eating or drinking it.
Marijuana, the product of the cannabis plant, is one of the most widely used drugs in the world. Statistics show that in United States of America, after alcohol and tobacco, marijuana is third most commonly used drug. It is said that marijuana is less harmful and dangerous than alcohol and tobacco.
To begin with it must be said that official classification defines marijuana as a soft drug, only slightly mentioning its positive effects on organism. Still, there are numerous positive sides of medical marijuana
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