Download file to see previous pages...
The paper seeks to show that commercial influences on scientific research have become increasingly detrimental.
First, commercial influences on scientific research have led to failure to release some of the scientific results seen as harming industries. For example, the results may be on danger posed by certain substances or drugs produced by companies. As a result, such companies are most likely to engage in a campaign that will ensure that such results do not come to the public limelight. A classical example is seen through Nancy Olivieri of Toronto University (Slaght & Pallant, 2006). Olivieri notes that that one of drug companies engaged in a campaign that she did not publish her results concerning a drug she found to have a high level of toxicity (Slaght & Pallant, 2006). The allegation is serious knowing that such drug will be in the public for use. Hence, this is not just unethical, but also detrimental to the public as it may lead to serious short and long term harm.
Secondly, the influence of business on science has made it difficult for public to know how various advancements may be harmful to health and environment. Most of the research is done with little focus on the public concerns (Slaght & Pallant, 2006). The focus has been on ensuring their competitiveness, and business groups have been able to have their way with funding from bodies concerned with research. For example, genetic has been seen as playing a leading role in agriculture due to such influence. Hence, other environmental friendly approaches have been ignored such as minimal use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides (Slaght & Pallant, 2006).
In addition, through funding most companies ensures that results are favorable to them. There has been damning evidence mostly in pharmaceuticals and biotechnology sectors. For example, it has been established that funders mostly choose scientists that are
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
2. Sockeye Salmon – reproductive migration, performed by each fish between 4-6 years of age as a function of spawning in the rivers and lakes that they matured. These fish can spend up to three years in the freshwater lakes, rivers, and streams prior to making their way out to sea; this typically is a relatively short migratory route.
Intechnology,scientific knowledge is put to practical ends. This knowledge comes chiefly from mathematics and the physical sciences, and it is used in designing machinery, materials, and industrial processes. In general, this work is known as engineering, a word dating back to the early days of the Industrial Revolution, when an 'engine' was any kind of machine.
nth century, there were interesting developments in the idea of life and two approaches in particular become worth discussing due to the popularity that they gained amongst the scientific circles at the time. These were the viewpoints of vitalism and materialism which sought
Each society has a governing ideology – certain principles. Capitalist ideology establishes that it is the duty of the labor class to give maximum output and that the labor should work with the management such that the company makes profits. This ideology has been
Parachutes can be taken as an example of falling objects towards earth. However, parachutes do not fall themselves, they are made to fall (Singh 2009). There are certain forces that affect the falling of a parachute. Parachutes do not fall freely because of presence of certain
is from the well-known issues of the application of culture and the use of science and academic authority in combating racism, that anthropology gains its scientific basis for combining multiple disciplines to achieve substantial anthropological results.
Articles by two
As opposed to the theories and analytical inference that is oftentimes drawn in other subjects, those studies that attempt to relate their findings to the reader/researcher in terms of scientific knowledge are far easier to verify due to the fact that the levels of
An aquarium visit is a fantastic way of engaging students in topics like sea senses that focuses on discovering the amazing survival techniques of various watery creatures present in the sea. Additionally, a discussion can be