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Agriculture is major factor influencing deforestation in the Amazon as individuals consider it a necessity for life to prosper on the planet. Before, age the Amazon rainforest was protected because individuals were hunters and gatherers hence did not venture into farming. However, changing times has forced individuals and the government to make unwise concession to allow the food growth into the region is a main source of rainfall. Allowing food growth to sustain life does not mean that major sites like the Amazon rain forest should be destroyed. Unfortunately that has been reason behind the deforestation activities going on around the Amazon. The rainforest is slowly being lost as the land in which it is based is being cleared by individuals to enable them practice agriculture in the region. Different land clearing techniques which care harmful to the environment and to the rainforest like slush and burn have been adopted by individuals and are used in clearing the Amazon forest (Campari 2).
The slash and burn technique is a cheap way of clearing land in preparation for agricultural activities. Individuals living around the Amazon use it to cut down trees and clear bushes before setting fire on the area to get rid of the cut and cleared trees and bushes. It is also an efficient way which has been proved to be cause of the deforestation in the Amazon as very little costs is associated with accomplishing the tasks. In addition, the situation is further aggravated by the lack proper techniques for farming leading to a speedy desert formation in the Amazon area which for centuries has been considered to be full of fauna and flora life (Campari 83).
Moreover, over the last year, the Amazon rainforest experienced an increased rate of forest fires caused by the slush and burn used by the locals in the region. Additionally, individuals keeping cattle have also
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Deforestation of the Amazon is releasing millions of tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, and it has been scientifically proved that to keep the Amazon protected from anything that would cause its current quality or condition to change or deteriorate or cause it to fall out of use will significantly stabilize greenhouse gas emissions (Sellers 1993).
However, going by the statistics, Brazilian government has made a significant move aimed at preserving Amazon. Firstly, the Brazilian has created national parks within the forest to ensure that the forest is protected and conserve. The government has also enacted laws aimed at protecting the forest.
There are various reasons behind this high rate of deforestation in this area. One of these causes is human activities. According to Coe, Costa and Soares-Filho, Global economic and regional population and development pressures have resulted in high rates of deforestation in the Amazon River basin. Primary economic activities include cattle ranching, soy bean and other cash crops production.
Environmentalists and ecologists pay a special attention to Brazilian Amazon and deforestation which has a great impact on global ecology and air quality.
Deforestation, largely for logging and wood-fuel purposes, is common in South America. The main causes of deforestation in this region are agricultural development, expansion of mining and logging (for instance, gold and diamond mines in Venezuela), cattle ranching, migration of farmers who occupy new land, opium and soybean farming, and transpiration (Margulis 27).
Signs all around us are screaming to make us come to our senses and act before it is too late. This, ladies and gentlemen, is the reason for our gathering here today. We are one of those privileged few who have heard these cries and have taken it upon our shoulders to promote the awareness needed in modern man to save the very place which has nurtured us and which we are destroying at a very fast pace.
The author states that South America lost the most number of hectares to deforestation. From 1990 – 2000, the region has lost more than 3,500 hectares per year. Deforestation slowed down between 2000 – 2005. This meant that population has grown and urbanization has sped the deforestation. Asian region suffers 2,500 hectares deforested per year.
Other countries such as Colombia, Peru and Venezuela have some parts of the forest. The Amazon is home to many species of animals and plants.
According to Barbosa, more than 300,000 square miles of land in the Amazon rainforest has been destroyed over the last four decades.
The negative effects it has on climate are profound. Beef processing industries emit extremely harmful gases that when allowed into the atmosphere contaminate the air leading to severe climate change (Shah, 2015).
Matiash, C. (2015). Paradise Lost: Aerial Images of
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