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The husband in this case is the object of betrayal. The author allows the reader to view the thoughts and feelings on the side of the cheating husband, as he is shown to feel guilty of the affair. For instance, when the cheating husband was waiting for his lover, Sarah, in the café, he was hoping that she did not show up, as deep inside him, he felt he was doing wrong. He expressed this feeling of guilt by saying, “How strange” (Vivante 2). Because of this, the story seems to go against the standard stereotypical gender role in adultery. Ideally, in a situation where a person feels guilty for betrayal or cheating, like in this story, it is stereotypical for a female character to play the role.
At the story’s conclusion, when the husband is with his lover, he keeps thinking of his wife. This represents double irony, as he cheats on both his lover and his wife. He thinks about his wife doing the can-can dance. His reactions to this can be considered to represent the male nature. He hopes for Sarah to be absent during the date, but continues to wait for her. Additionally, he has sex with someone he is not supposed to, but in the process, he thinks of his wife, and is attracted to her. This shows this husband is confused and does not know what he wants. This can be considered to be stereotypical of males in society, as most cheat on their wives yet they are not ready to let go of them.
Overall, the aspect of gender criticism has played a major role in examining how the concept of gender has influenced the way this story was written. This has also made an important contribution to the revelation of different themes in the story. Using gender criticism, it has been possible to see how the story reveals some of the stereotypes that are linked with the male and female genders in society. These also include the expectations that have been socially constructed for men and women in the marriage institution. However, the
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108). He is overly critical of literary criticism that views literary work only in terms of literary worth, not in terms of the overall social message that may be found in the work. He is also critical of literary criticism which serves little more than a cheerleading and public relation function for the author and the work.
Feminist literary criticism involves various forms and aspects to analyze the literature. Certain feminist authors are incline to discuss the masculinity and challenge it with women, some authors aims to discuss the role of women and analyze work with women’s perspective and attitude (Eagleton).
The article is arguably the most important writings that have ever appeared in the contemporary study of gender. According to West and Zimmerman, gender has nothing to do with what we are, rather what we do1. Their arguments in the article were meant to advance and maintain the power structure.
The major reason of the shift in methodology of social science is application of critical theory. Critical theory must be distinguished from a traditional approach according to the practical purpose of this theory: it is critical to the extent that it involves human emancipation in order to provide freedom to humanity from "the circumstances that enslave them".3 According to the scholars that support this view, social inquiry must combine but not separate the two poles of philosophy and social science, normative and positive, explanation and understanding.
The society has an extensive role in creating an acceptable notion especially in the representation of beauty in a woman.
In the Academy-Award winning adaptation of a bestselling novel1, Memoirs of a Geisha, the spectators were enlightened on how the "Geisha" were then recognized in the Japanese cultural society in the early 1930's.
Normally the words sex and gender are used interchangeably while in research both words are accorded different meanings. One meaning is considered from a biological point of view that is male or female while gender is regarded under a social context of masculine or feminine.
This approach also enables the critic to expand their understanding to examine how these ideas discovered from the time period in question have changed over time, enabling the story to be understood differently today. Deconstruction interested me the least
pes to both genders, during the rise of feminism in the 1950’s and 1960’s with the increasing number of women writers and literary critics (Griffith, 2010; Wolfson, 1999). As such, literary gender criticism in literature aims to find out how the writer’s gender and
These themes include religion, technology, spirituality, and most distinctively gender roles and discriminations. The text of the book solely represents the dominant male aspects, rather ignoring the female side of the perspective to the story.
Examined in this essay includes disparities in gender roles, generational differences in predisposing the female characters’ behaviors and attitudes, and social class differences pertaining to gender. In addition, explored in the essay is a
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