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Benjamin Barber is one of the proponents of the idea that the notion of globalization is destructive for it threatens morals and religious values of people, the distinctiveness of cultures and can turn the world into one big market. There are four main points in Barbers argumentation. First of all, he presents the notion of “theme parking” which is “a kind of diversity but it is the diversity of a theme park” (“Globalization and Culture” 9). By this, he means that even though there is a diversity, it is simulated, artificial, and, in fact, is far from authenticity. Secondly, Barber argues that globalization is homogenization and standardization of culture that affects peoples cultural and aesthetic values, such as eating fast food instead of spending time with family at a dinner table. Also, the opponent of globalization states that more powerful markets, such as the American one, tend to master and destroy the weaker markets and, consequently, influence other cultures. Finally, Barber says that globalization is a threat not only to aesthetic but to religious and moral values of people, especially of the representatives of cultures that differ a lot from “McWorld”, such as Islamic, Hindu, and Judaic cultures, and that to some extent this threat gives rise to terrorism.
Tyler Cowan, in his turn, believes that globalization is the positive trend in the development of the modern society and the entire world. He agues that “markets support diversity and freedom of choice, and trade gives a greater opportunity for artists to express their creative inspiration (“Glibalization and Culture” 8). In addition to this, Cowan claims that globalization does tend to increase difference between cultures, and at the same time it frees difference from geographical location. Tyler Cowan also refutes four arguments presented by Benjamin
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The developments of new technology, cross-border tourism, and labour mobility have been the drivers of global consumer culture (Merz, He & Alden, 2008). However, opinions differ on the impact of change and the extent of change. While globalisation and cultural practices have a reciprocal relationship (Tomlinson, 1999) opinions differ on the extent to which cultural homogenization has taken place.
6) describes globalization as those processes that produce interactions and disjuncture between different cultures. From these descriptions, it is safe to suggest that globalization results in both homogenization and heterogenization of culture. It represents a dialectical process, which can both integrate and fragment thereby creating both winners and losers, depending on circumstances that prevail.
This is to say, the number of societal issues such as its development and the manner in which people now interact with one another as a result (Robertson, 2007). A good example of this is the relationship that can be determined between the globalization of consumer culture and how it engenders a cosmopolitan culture as a result (Jones, 2006).
Longhurst carefully defined and selected the ways in which the concepts of Culture, Power, Globalisation, as well as Inequality are used in the extract. Culture is a consequence as well as a shaper of artistic, economic, educational, ethnic, linguistic, moral,
Moreover, globalisation slowly erodes the sovereignty of the state. In addition, politics is significantly influenced by globalisation, due to the fact that globalisation has generated alternative centres of
The world has realized that it is difficult for them to develop properly by individual efforts and the realization of the importance of collective growth has shown way for globalization. Globalization has brought revolutionary changes in the world. Poor
Globalization of consumer culture has taken place over some time in the past in what would be referred to as a whole scale phase. The term globalization has a relatively close connection to the consumerism culture. There is, therefore, a need for
Such cultural activities remain practiced all over the world, and the current globalization promotes the activities across borders in interesting events in order to engender a cosmopolitan culture. As such, intensification of the worldwide social relations links the
For instance, shadows are grey in their real context but appear greenish blue to the eyes. The difference in appearance is as a result of the fact that the eyes try to counter the strong orange-red light from the sun. A cone exposed to two opposite
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