Free

Summary - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Harlem Renaissance (1918 – 1937) is known as “a blossoming of African American culture and the most influential movement in African American literary history”, which “sought to reconceptualize “the Negro” apart from the white stereotypes” and “break free of moral…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.6% of users find it useful
Summary
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Summary"

Introduction Harlem Renaissance (1918 – 1937) is known as “a blossoming of African American culture and the most influential movement in African American literary history”, which “sought to reconceptualize “the Negro” apart from the white stereotypes” and “break free of moral values... that might... reinforce racist beliefs” where “Harlem district of New York City... served as the symbolic capital of this cultural awakening” (Hutchinson, 2014). In his books “When Harlem was in Vogue” and “The portable Harlem Renaissance reader” David Levering Lewis makes a sketch of events, personalities, dates, names, etc. which contributed to the development of the New Negro movement and culture. The book helps us better understand the reasons and realms of political and social struggle of Afro American people as well as get acquainted with the major cultural achievements of the time.
“The City of Refuge” Summary
Lewiss article “The City of Refuge” may be nominally divided into two sections: in the first part the author gives an overview of lifestyle and conditions in Harlem of the late 1910s, while another part is dedicated to Marcus Garvey – his biography, views and activity. Action is majorly focused between 130th to 145th Streets, where the number of Afro American inhabitants was the highest. “Everybody in Harlem was rich”, - David Lewis (1997) wrote. Hotels, cabarets, vaudeville houses, casinos were everywhere in Harlem. They brought together talented and famous composers, musicians, singers, dancers, poets and others. It was the time when “Negro” music such as jazz and dances became popular all over America. Names of Jim Europe, Irene and Vernon Castle, Nick la Rocca were well-known and celebrated far beyond Harlem.
At the same time, Harlem was a “forum for serious racial palaver” (Lewis, 1997), where the views of Marcus Garvey were hears for the first time. Bearing pan-African ideas, he stayed for the recognition of African nationality, proclaimed the necessity of creating the country of New Africa that would be a motherland for Negros all over the world, defended ethnic identity and equal rights with “whites” of “black” people.
“Stars” Summary
Another Lewiss article “Stars” outlines lives and works of four outstanding poets of Harlem Renaissance: Claude McKay, Jean Toomer, Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen. In their poems and ballads, authors strove to “promote racial advancement through artistic creativity” (Lewis, 1997) and showed that “black” poetry can be not least worthy than non-blacks. These poets laid foundations of modern Afro American literature.
“The New Negro” Summary
In the article “The New Negro” Alain Locke refers to Harlem as a place where two significant Negro “movements” were concentrated: “One is the consciousness of acting as the advance-guard of the African peoples in their contact with Twentieth Century civilization; the other, the sense of a mission of rehabilitating the race in world esteem from that loss of prestige...” (Lewis, 1994).
Locke highlighted the crucial meaning of “artistic endowments and cultural contributions” (Lewis, 1994) for the promotion and acknowledgment of Afro Americans in the key of equality.
Thus, in his books, David Levering Lewis presented vivid and detailed reflection of a particular epoch – Harlem Renaissance – revolutionary period in the history of Afro American (and African) ethnicity. Lewiss book create an atmosphere of 1920s in the present day so the one can not only read but also feel and imagine how events occurred that time. Besides being an interesting and exciting literary work, David Lewiss books are also a useful source of dates, names, situations and information about the history of Afro Americans and America as a whole.
References
Hutchinson, G. (2014). Harlem Renaissance. Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/255397/Harlem-Renaissance
Lewis, D. L. (1994). The Portable Harlem Renaissance Reader. Penguin Books USA Inc., Viking Penguin, pp. 46-51.
Lewis, D. L. (1997). When Harlem Was in Vogue. Penguin Books, pp. 24-88. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Summary Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 122”, n.d.)
Retrieved de https://studentshare.org/english/1657715-summary
(Summary Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 122)
https://studentshare.org/english/1657715-summary.
“Summary Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 122”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/english/1657715-summary.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Summary

Summary

...? Should Juvenile Courts be abolished? The makers of the constitution were right to distinguish between adults and youth. Perhaps their reasoning was different, but the aim is relevant even today. The age of an individual in most cases determines their ability to make choices and, therefore, respond to society’s upheaval. In the same light, juvenile courts have the same purpose as the constitution. This purpose is protecting minors from facing legal actions that exceed the magnitude of their actions and intentions. As such the system should maintain the juvenile courts. Vincent Schiraldi and Jason Ziedenberg in their article the Florida experiment delve into the negative realities of sending youth offenders to adult courts... Should Juvenile...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Summary

...?Decision-Making: Summary Report Highlights a Rise in Reverse Mortgages” The influence of decision making on borrowing has been discussed in the article. Evidently, marketing strategies have been developed in such way as to impact the decision-making of potential borrowers – people of the older generation. That is why advertising features celebrity figures and contains false appeals to government aid. The people born in the period just after the World War 2, the so-called “baby-boomers”, are about to transform a part of the financial industry. Specifically, this is reverse mortgages – such loan in which homeowners of the older generation borrow against their home’s value (Wyatt, 2012). Reverse mortgages have drastically...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Summary

...? Summary Overview The chapter will be directed towards explaining the organizational theory as a constraint of democracy. Decision making is the most important criteria of a democratic government which will lead to the establishment of ultimate welfare of the individuals in the society. But bureaucracy and its characteristics has developed within the democratic countries of the world and limited the effectiveness of the democracy. The relation between bureaucracy and democracy will be also analyzed and provision for potential solution towards establishment of effective democracy will also be made. Democracy and decision making Involvement with an array of relationship among the individuals (bestowed with the right to...
4 Pages(1000 words)Book Report/Review

Summary

...? The case study, ‘Understanding a Development Miracle: China’ is highly relevant and explores the factors that have been responsible for its unprecedented 9% rate of economic growth from 1978 to 2006. The per capital income has increased five times and poverty has come down from 51% in 1978 to 8% in 2006. China’s remarkable success in international market has been hailed as an exemplary example of success for developing economy. The major reasons that contributed to its success have been its near homogenous demographic structure, phased manner of introducing free market structure and continuation of state control on vital fields of socio-economic growth. It had also adopted ‘active industrial policies’ that lured foreign... The case study,...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Summary

...? EDUCATION IN AMERICA To have a successful country, you must have an educated citizenry. Few things are more important than education. With it people can leave behind their class or status and leapfrog over others. They are more productive and more informed. Real education is found in schools, and America has many of these. But it is important to understand where these schools came from and where they are going. These three articles provide a great deal of insight into this question. Each of these authors presents facts and opinions about the American education system and tries to persuade us of their views. In Rudolph’s article, the history of American universities is presented. From the earliest days, the struggle of those who... EDUCATION ...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Summary

...?Canada is a multicultural society that is committed to have a free society. At the same time, I understand that policy makers need to preserve common Canadian culture and heritage and ensure that it is not compromised by invasion from foreign media sources. American contents, historically, dominated the show broadcasted by Canadian TV stations with Canadian advertisements. It is not good to see economics prevailing Canadian television and Canadian culture taking secondary importance. Advocates of Canadian television’s sovereignty point that the biggest enemy of Canadian television is US because of its cultural and social invasion: culturally, because American television culture is seen as degraded form of entertainment... is a multicultural...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Summary

...?Running Head The Leader Of The Future The Leader of the Future Management [Pick the Summary: The Leader of the Future The Leader of the Future is a collective attempt to offer leaders of today the approaches that can help them in the future, approaches that can assist them in formalizing and adopt new visions, strategies and appropriate practices for the new era. The work of many management gurus was combined and certain common or important individual characteristics were identified and compiled together by Frances Hesselbein, Marshall Goldsmith and Richard Beckhard. The Leader of the future would emphasize and attach greatest importance to the Human Resources of the organization and the resulting actions and established...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Summary

...Summary: In Defense of Prejudice: Why Incendiary Speech Must Be Protected According to the article, “In Defense of Prejudice: Why Incendiary Speech Must Be Protected,” regulation of prejudice has become a comprehensive facet that has proved challenging. This implies that in some situations, prejudice has caused confusion and there is a feeling for the modification of the statements regarded as hate speech as well as the policies regulating prejudice. The author’s main idea in the article is that prejudice is complex and has advanced beyond the barriers of the previous considerations. Therefore, prejudice should only be redefined for proper regulation and people should not think of totally eradicating prejudice. Prejudice...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Summary

...? Tourism Summary Insert Insert Grade Insert Insert The research “Businessman or host? Individual differences between entrepreneurs and small business owners in the hospitality industry” by Wagener, Gorgievski and Rijsdijk (2010) is based on the importance of SMEs in today’s economy. The researchers acknowledges that there is a wide body of study that has covered the importance of SMEs to economies even though there is a gap in the study of the differences that exist among business owners. As a result, the study is conducted to be able to differentiate between entrepreneurial business owners and small business owners in hospitality industry. The differences identified by the authors through a review of available...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Summary

...Summary Content-Based Instruction Can Make ESL Teaching More Efficient in Korea One of the sources used for this essay (Met, 1991) makes an analogy between English study and learning how to play a musical instrument to demonstrate the chancy character of ESL instruction through the common practice of concentrating the lessons on grammar. The language-focused ESL class is compared to a music class that confines its studies to the mastery of musical keys, scales and notes. No meaningful results can be expected from this instructional method if the music students do not get their hands on the musical instrument of their choice and actually play it on a regular basis until they do it right. In the same manner, ESL students...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Summary for FREE!

Contact Us