Download file to see previous pages...
Such confusion happens because speech sounds and meanings relate in an arbitrary manner. In other words, there is no rational and logical relationship between speech sounds and meanings.
The Portuguese model can best illustrate language arbitrariness. Similarity in words should not be an issue, and neither should the words be understandable to a foreigner. However, the tribesmen need to understand what words mean. The Portuguese words tigre-dente-de-sabre mean a sabre toothed tiger. These words are the signifier. Suppose one was to go back 40 years and ask a Portuguese where to find a tiger with a sabre tooth, he or she would have no idea about it. The reason is that there is no connection between the words and the animal in question. Maybe one would wonder how the words are signified or related to the animal.
According to Tomasello, every sign is arbitrary and has conventional associations, which have been established by a social rule (Tomasello 87). At first, one could argue that the statement is completely flawed, especially when onomatopoeic words are concerned. However, when one looks gives a detailed look at specific languages, one will notice certain differences. For instance, cock-a-doodle-doo is the English representation of a cock’s crowing whereas cocorico is the French version of the same. It is unlikely that cocks in Britain and France crow differently.
In conclusion, all languages are arbitrary but it does not mean they are unpredictable. Precisely, arbitrariness means that one cannot exactly predict specific features that can be found in a language. It is impossible to predict what sounds will occur. Languages have their systems that differentiate sounds and meanings. Not every new concept necessitates the creation of a new word. The wing of a plane, for instance, was lifted from the wing of a bird. Moreover, a banker and a baker sound almost the same
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
The Copenhagen declaration at the United Nation’s world summit on social development described poverty as “a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs, including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information” (Oracle ThinkQuest, n.d., p.1).
Public relations is more than means of communication in that, it further focuses on associations with students, human resources, parents, non- close relative members of the society than it is about stipulation in sequence (Kowalski, 2010). 2. The developments in knowledge and technology have distorted how schools commune with families.
For the success of an organization, there would be need for great managers and leaders at all the levels in the organization. There has been varied definitions for the term leadership with Northouse (2013) defining it as a process in which an individual influences a given group of persons with the aim of achieving a common goal.
The sport is given a form and meaning by people, as they happen to interact and engage with each other under diverse contexts - social, political, cultural or economic (Coakley, 2009). Hence, under such circumstances it gets difficult to identify any activity as sports.
Hence the companies try to first understand the need of the consumers and then based on it design a product to meet their needs. But every product goes through a cycle known as product life cycle which shows the different stages that a product has to go through right from introduction to the decline phase (Horn and Faulkner, 2010, p.
The characteristics of the chaos theory include dynamism that means the system changes over time. The behaviors of the systems are unstable and aperiodic meaning that there are no replications within the system. Although the theory pertaining to
The city has provided a land that is about the size of a city block, which has been used as a general dumping ground for many years. In deciding the best way to make the ground useful, it was important to engage the residents.
globalization from various perspectives; one being that of its impact on competition among nations, and the other being how countries shall adapt to the impacts of globalization. In the paper, economic globalization is evaluated and described. The issues that have surpassed
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Assignment on topic Assignment 1 for FREE!