The following paper concerns the factors that make a bilingual education program successful. It should be pointed out the main professional organization advocating for bilingual education in the United States is the National Association for Bilingual Education (NABE), founded in 1975…
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Dr. Tove Skutnabb-Kangas is a linguist who has extensively researched linguistic human rights; bilingualism and multilingual education; linguistic imperialism and subtractive spread of English; support for endangered languages; the relationship between linguistic and cultural diversity and biodiversity and has authored numerous publications on her subject of interest (WISC, 2006). Among her highly acclaimed works is “Linguistic Genocide in Education or Worldwide Diversity and Human Rights?.” According to Tacelosky’s (2000) review of this book, Skutnabb-Kangas presents the state of languages of the world in terms of extinction and endangerment. The linguist also avers that although the threat to biodiversity is great, the threat to language diversity is far greater. Skutnabb-Kangas goes on to define the term mother tongue with criteria such as origin, identification, competence, function and the degree of human rights awareness. The author defines linguistic genocide as the policies that a state takes from attempting to kill a language to the adoption of an official language. She positions minority education in terms of society and politics, distribution of power in terms of dominant and dominated languages, race, sex, class and other factors. The author argues against claims that a language is necessary to form a nation and discusses the place of language in the power structure. Skutnabb-Kangas propounds that linguistic human rights are necessary rights which incorporate basic human rights.
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The content contains a varying amount of each of the two languages and both are used through a defined and established program. They may be transitional, two way, dual language or late exit bilingual education models. The issue of Bilingual Education is one of the hot topics in the American education system right now and has been so for several years with each group strengthening their stands.
This area is considered to be one of the largest pieces of land that has been allocated to a Native American population in the United States of America. The Navajo people though most have been simulated into the English speaking American culture, a vast number of the native population are still able to speak the Athabaskan which is the native language of the Navajo people.
The issue of diversity will always be there in society and it is only bound to get even more diverse as intermarriages are on the rise. Multiculturalism has grown in leaps and bounds and further efforts should be made to ensure further development for a cohesive society each with their identity.
This is a common issue that affects those who want to learn the Spanish who could be natively English within a particular place because of the use of infinitives and gerunds. In learning Spanish, English speakers may have different things with which they struggle to overcome the uses of gerunds and infinitives, which do not take a simple form in translating the information to the English language.
The argument revolves around a very important educational issue on whether the bilingual education program in the US be abolished or not, to which the paper clearly states that the program should not be abolished due to the reasons presented, backed-up by evidences or empirical data cited extensively.
By realizing the need and importance of bilingual education and considering its pros and cons we can develop better understanding of the issue. Debates about the advantages and disadvantages of bilingual education were initiated from the Civil Rights Act (1964) and
Nevertheless, with the colonialism, industrialization, among other revolutions and development, other modes of education had to be adopted. English was the common language that was taught and used (Ramírez et al., 1991). Since then,
Through references from different studies the researcher has tried to establish the superiority of SEI approach over other approaches that emphasize on improving the linguistic proficiency of Limited Proficiency Learners
This paper majorly undertakes to see how turkey is trying to uphold the idea of one nation one language and its effects to the nature of linguistic diversity. Therefore, we are also going to see the place of the minority language speakers such as the Kurdish and the Armenian, in their everyday life and education as well
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