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The trend has also caused increased autistic cases since the last century.
The book also dwells on understanding the causing factors and symptoms of the disease. However, the author does not provide a particular causing factor. This is based on that numerous factors have been cited to be responsible for the disease. For instance, genetic inheritance, exposure to birth complications, childhood vaccinations and exposure to metals can be cited as causing factors. The book also cited numerous symptoms that are associated with autism. The main focus is, however, done on the repetitive nature of autistic people. In addition, other symptoms are associated with neurological disorders.
As a child develops, numerous health challenges are experienced before they reach full development. The development of a child should require their participation in social activities. In addition, the ability of a child to use their physical abilities should also be monitored. Malfunctions of these activities may depict a weaknesses or suffering from an illness. Volkmar (2007) is of the assumption that the health of a child is determined by their ability of fit their environment without many complications. Medical complications may be evidence of an existing illness of health complication. For instance, autism affects children below three years. Autism distorts the ability of the child to socialize effectively as well as take part in physical activities.
Volkmar (2007) defines autism as a neurodevelopment disorder depicted by poor social interaction behavior, nonverbal and verbal communication. This medical illness makes it impossible for a child to fit in their environment. Volkmar (2007) points out that, autism has been existence for years but no certain cure has been created to curb the illness or ensure recovery of children affected. Autism is depicted by numerous characteristics and causing factors. The causing
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It is known to have a severe impact on the patient’s communication abilities; the ability to establish social relationships; and to react in an appropriate manner to their surroundings. The patients of Autism fall within a wide spectrum of disabilities – i.e.
The psychological disorder is generally evident before age three, and includes impaired and irregular communication skills, avoidance of eye contact, poor development of language for social communication, inability for symbolic or imaginative play, engagement in repetitive activities and stereotyped movements, resistances to changes in the environment or daily routine, and unusual responses to sensory experiences.
In The Essential Difference, Simon Baron-Cohen defines autism as “an imbalance between two kinds of intelligence; the kind used to understand people (‘empathizing’), and the kind used to understand things (‘systemizing’)”
This developmental disorder is common, affecting two out of every 1000 children worldwide. Autism is more common in the male gender, as compared to the female, having every five boys suffer from the disorder, for every one girl affected (Fombonne, 15). The signs and symptoms that an individual is suffering from this disorder normally portrays and becomes apparent, before a child attains the age of three years.
But most researchers support the role that parents play in dealing with autistic children as teachers, proponents of appropriate intervention, in the administration of their needs and in research on autism. Even so, there are scholars who have argued on the ethical implication of using children in research and others who argue on therapists as better suited in handling autistic children other than their parents.
In the clinical practice, the word autism spectrum disorder abbreviated as ASD and it is always used jointly to refer to autism, Asperger syndrome, and PDD-NOS. Communication uniqueness that is the diagnostic of autism is recapitulated, with deliberation of the overlap amid social and communication problem, predominantly for children with autism performance at the prelinguistic stage.
The condition includes autistic disorders, pervasive developmental disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, Asperger syndrome, and Rett syndrome. However, after the publication of DSM-5 diagnostic manual, all the autistic conditions are now merged to ASD diagnosis.
Understanding the etiology of autism will help to relieve the blame that parents may feel. The diagnosis was also complicated by the fact that although parents may see signs of autistic behavior during the first year of the child’s life, the diagnosis is usually not made until the child is 30 months.
Research indicates that some children experience complete mental disability while others don’t. Autism spectrum disorders are also known as pervasive developmental disorders and include following diseases (A Parents Guide to Autism Spectrum Disorder, 2011):
Out of the
The article under consideration is titled “Self-Management Interventions for Students With Autism: A Meta-Analysis of Single-Subject Research.” It was written by Monica Carr, Dennis Moore, and Angelika Anderson. The given article presents a qualitative review of studies that focused on the issue of self-management interventions.
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