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Journal entry - Essay Example

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Summary
Roosevelt the president of the United States addressing the congress in December 8th 1941 requesting a declaration of war on japan. The speaker uses several rhetorical techniques, such as ethos, logos and pathos.
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Rhetorical analysis of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s address to congress A rhetorical analysis of the speech delivered by Franklin D. Roosevelt the president of the United States addressing the congress in December 8th 1941 requesting a declaration of war on japan. The speaker uses several rhetorical techniques, such as ethos, logos and pathos.
Due to the sudden attack on the United States that led to the death of several soldiers, the congress had a right to declare war with japan. In the speech president franklin D. Roosevelt employs the use of ethos when he says that “the united states was at peace with that nation and at the solicitation of japan, was still in conversation with its government and emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in the pacific” the speakers character of being a peaceful person trying to seek peaceful ways of solving a conflict is brought out. He tries to convince the congress that his government made all the peaceful attempts to find amicable solution and indeed it’s the government of japan that is at fault and therefore drastic action should be taken against them (Gross et al 78).
“Yesterday the Japanese Government also launched an attack against Malaya. Last night Japanese forces attacked Hong Kong. Last night Japanese forces attacked Guam. Last night Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands. Last night the Japanese attacked Wake Island. And this morning the Japanese attacked Midway Island.Japan has, therefore, undertaken a surprise offensive extending throughout the Pacific area. The facts of yesterday and today speak for themselves” the speaker uses a lot of repetition employing the artistic style of logic, giving supportive evidences to bring out the facts that indeed japan is offensive due to the many attacks and congress should declare war with them (Gross et al 88)
The other rhetorical technique employed by the speaker is the use of pathos when he says “The attack yesterday on the Hawaiian Islands has caused severe damage to American naval and military forces. I regret to tell you that very many American lives have been lost” the speaker tries to bring out the damage and loss of lives caused by the attack therefore tries to invoke emotions of sympathy and anger for the lives lost and anger about the attack hence the reason why congress should act(Gross et al 90).
Conclusion
The speaker used evidence based arguments that he illustrated with a lot of emotions to bring out the urgency of the matter to congress and the American people. The use of artistic techniques such as logos pathos and ethos brought out the speakers character through the peaceful negotiations, he gave out evidences and reasons, calculated emotional invocation that angered the American people hence persuading congress to pass a unanimous vote to declare war on Japan, thus achieving his objective(Gross et al 98).
Reference
Gross, Alan G, and Arthur E. Walzer. Rereading Aristotles Rhetoric. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2008. Print. Read More
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