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ous view whereby he argues that it is like a mankind’s resistance against helplessness feelings, a defense that retains human being immature and rely on an elusive God.
The conflict between the nature and characteristic of human beings and civilization restrictions can be found in the early psychological writings of Freud. Freud’s early writing about stages of psychosexual development comprised of destructive of aggressive forces, which are libido-bound in the sadism form (anal, oral, and urethral). Freud, however, measured aggression as portion of self-preservative characters when it resulted from response to frustrating thing or after the occurrence of a conflict between hunger (ego instincts) and love (object instincts). In Civilization and Its Contents, he describes (I) the conflicts that occur between individuals’ social rules and sexual argues that helps them to endure, and (ii) Thanatos, which is a key self-destructive instinct of death, which has overwhelming social consequences when directed outwards. Genocide, violence, and killings are all enough proof of the theory of Freud that, human beings are not “good”.
Freud argues that it is not easy to give an answer to the very question, “what is the function of the life of human being” that most people understand that human beings only survive happily. Freud catalogues the way human beings avoid pain and seek pleasure, such as intoxicating, sublimating libido into the job, and displacing libido onto the beauty enjoyment (Parisi 67). According to Freud, civilization aids in helping human beings against nature, regulating human beings’ relationships, and encouraging their higher mental actions (scientific, intellectual, as well as artistic success). Self-preservative characteristics and Eros contribute towards civilization, as human beings can strive better through working hand in hand. In addition, sexual love, which is the prototype of happiness, strengthen families, couples, and group
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Two of the most prominent thinkers in this mode understanding then are Sigmund Freud and Friedrich Nietzsche. Although these theorists are many times characterized as holding diametrically opposing views, it’s clear that to a great extent their embracement of irrational human urges as fundamentally contributing to the makeup of civilization places them within the same school of thought.
Socratic dialogues criticized practices of the society, and it appeared that Socrates pretended to undermine undoubtful opinions of his students. On the other hand, Socrates and Cicero imposed different arguments to provide an understanding on the subject of justice.
Question 4 In Freud’s terms it is impossible tom escape the view that people often use false principles of measure because of their quest for power, success and prosperity for themselves and esteems the qualities in other people while underestimating true value of life.
In Freud’s book, “Totem and Taboo”, Freud postulates the ideas regarding the nucleus of primitive religion by adopting psychological concepts This research enabled Freud to form a nexus between the genres of psychology and religion. Critics have pointed out this fact as being instrumental for the rise of a phraseology called psychological reductionism in the schools of comparative religion .
Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis was an Austrian neurologist. Sigmund Freud advocated the thought that unconscious conflicts, which are usually related to sex or aggression, are the main motivators of the human behavior. Freud was thus the first psychologist to bring unconscious mind on the formal platform of psychological theory.
Helen Walker Puner (1992) argues “Some of his earliest conclusions, once he reached while he and Breuer were still working together, are today naive” (p.81) Current understandings in clinical observations have taken a big leap over the head of this think-tank of
Socrates believed that nobody deliberately chooses to do wrong. He also believed that nobody wants to harm his or herself. And he maintained that if a person does anything wrong to himself or herself, then he or she will harm himself or herself. Moreover, as per